French presidential election, 2002

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French presidential election, 2002
France
1995 ←
21 April and 5 May 2002 → 2007

  Jacques Chirac.png Jean-marie le pen cropped.jpg
Nominee Jacques Chirac Jean-Marie Le Pen
Party RPR FN
Popular vote 25,537,956 5,525,032
Percentage 82.2% 17.8%

President before election

Jacques Chirac
RPR

Elected President

Jacques Chirac
RPR

First round results by departament
First round results by region

The 2002 French presidential election consisted of a first round election on 21 April 2002, and a runoff election between the top two candidates (Jacques Chirac and Jean-Marie Le Pen) on 5 May 2002. This presidential contest attracted a greater than usual amount of international attention because of far-right candidate Le Pen's unexpected appearance in the runoff election.

Chirac ran for a second term, emphasising a strong economy (mostly unaffected by downturns in Germany and the USA). It was widely expected that Chirac and Lionel Jospin, the then prime minister and candidate for the Socialist Party, would be the most popular candidates in the first round, and would thus go on to face each other in the runoff. However, Jospin unexpectedly finished in third place behind Le Pen. Journalists and politicians then claimed that polls had failed to predict Le Pen's second-place finish in the general election, though his strong stance could be seen in the week prior to the election. This led to serious discussions about polling techniques and the climate of French politics.

Although Le Pen's political party National Front described itself as mainstream conservative, non-partisan observers largely agreed in defining it as a far right or ultra-nationalist party. As a result, almost all French political parties called for their supporters to vote against Le Pen, including the Socialists and many that had previously been opposed to Chirac. Chirac thus went on to win the biggest landslide in a French presidential election (greater even than that of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte in 1848, the first by direct ballot), winning over 82% of the vote.

Results[edit]

The 16 candidates
e • d Summary of the 21 April and 5 May 2002 French presidential election results
Candidates Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes  % Votes  %
Jacques Chirac Rally for the Republic RPR 5,665,855 19.88% 25,537,956 82.21%
Jean-Marie Le Pen National Front FN 4,804,713 16.86% 5,525,032 17.79%
Lionel Jospin Socialist Party PS 4,610,113 16.18%
François Bayrou Union for French Democracy UDF 1,949,170 6.84%
Arlette Laguiller Workers' Struggle LO 1,630,045 5.72%
Jean-Pierre Chevènement Citizens' Movement MDC 1,518,528 5.33%
Noël Mamère The Greens VEC 1,495,724 5.25%
Olivier Besancenot Revolutionary Communist League LCR 1,210,562 4.25%
Jean Saint-Josse Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Traditions CPNT 1,204,689 4.23%
Alain Madelin Liberal Democracy DL 1,113,484 3.91%
Robert Hue French Communist Party PCF 960,480 3.37%
Bruno Mégret National Republican Movement MNR 667,026 2.34%
Christiane Taubira Radical Party of the Left PRG 660,447 2.32%
Corinne Lepage Citizenship, Action, Participation for the 21st Century CAP21 535,837 1.88%
Christine Boutin Forum of Social Republicans FRS 339,112 1.19%
Daniel Gluckstein Workers' Party PT 132,686 0.47%
Total 28,498,471 100% 31,062,988 100%
Valid votes 28,498,471 96.62% 31,062,988 94.61%
Spoilt and null votes 997,262 3.38% 1,769,307 5.39%
Votes cast / turnout 29,495,733 71.60% 32,832,295 79.71%
Abstentions 11,698,956 28.40% 8,358,874 20.29%
Registered voters 41,194,689 41,191,169
Table of results ordered by number of votes received in first round. Official results by Constitutional Council of France.

Source: List of candidates · First round result · Second round result

First round[edit]

By Department[edit]

Department Jacques Chirac Jean-Marie Le Pen Lionel Jospin François Bayrou Arlette Laguiller Jean-Pierre Chevènement Noël Mamère Olivier Besancenot Jean Saint-Josse Alain Madelin Robert Hue Bruno Mégret Christiane Taubira Corinne Lepage Christine Boutin Daniel Gluckstein Electorate Votes Valid votes Invalid votes
Paris 178,841 69,658 148,624 58,924 22,714 49,342 55,050 25,476 3,905 48,403 16,299 7,616 28,189 18,285 11,119 2,498 1,081,420 759,030 744,943 14,087
Seine-et-Marne 93,472 89,719 70,566 30,955 26,786 30,142 25,654 18,294 10,402 19,105 14,323 14,738 13,895 10,094 4,400 2,414 721,818 488,201 474,959 13,242
Yvelines 125,635 81,906 83,305 49,163 23,116 35,850 32,022 17,194 8,809 30,074 12,861 11,127 14,324 15,050 12,977 1,965 825,397 567,885 555,378 12,507
Essonne 86,563 72,286 76,215 32,319 24,612 33,059 28,029 17,139 7,194 17,702 15,562 9,556 15,555 10,627 4,517 1,986 681,706 464,854 452,921 11,933
Hauts-de-Seine 129,297 64,204 89,958 47,834 20,572 35,165 31,570 16,209 4,290 31,962 18,086 9,040 18,432 13,633 7,996 1,749 814,866 551,789 539,997 11,792
Seine-Saint-Denis 63,920 70,326 70,757 20,734 23,699 25,383 24,325 14,965 3,129 13,988 24,856 9,780 20,790 5,562 2,431 1,831 630,897 406,465 396,476 9,989
Val-de Marne 85,658 63,397 75,838 31,862 20,764 30,332 27,748 15,854 3,889 21,640 23,964 8,634 18,190 8,957 3,412 1,926 676,285 452,910 442,065 10,845
Val-de Oise 74,994 72,177 64,903 27,250 20,860 26,409 22,217 13,876 5,427 17,401 16,063 8,836 14,981 8,016 3,340 1,802 604,309 408,658 398,552 10,106
Ardennes 24,038 30,826 21,767 7,551 9,799 5,637 5,207 5,863 5,283 3,914 4,548 4,848 1,490 1,817 1,246 664 192,422 138,608 134,498 4,110
Aube 28,915 30,009 18,882 8,608 7,731 6,485 5,072 4,990 6,906 5,661 4,417 3,693 2,071 2,490 1,476 734 193,701 142,924 138,140 4,784
Marne 52,510 49,349 35,287 19,663 17,682 12,119 11,973 10,072 8,872 10,848 6,867 7,275 3,778 4,932 2,724 1,180 372,077 262,980 255,131 7,849
Haute-Marne 19,862 22,355 13,057 5,647 6,195 4,467 4,320 4,751 5,094 3,817 2,470 2,921 1,487 1,683 1,046 549 143,635 103,704 99,721 3,983
Aisne 49,280 55,562 40,209 13,972 21,369 12,230 9,379 12,412 10,646 8,462 10,286 6,831 3,228 3,727 2,333 1,877 366,934 270,651 261,803 8,848
Oise 66,362 82,589 49,549 21,596 25,167 18,736 16,142 14,719 11,776 12,920 12,029 11,654 7,028 6,513 4,064 2,004 506,844 373,919 362,848 11,071
Somme 51,488 47,729 40,764 18,730 23,372 12,240 10,704 12,864 35,413 7,570 13,109 6,351 3,609 4,643 2,451 1,598 400,012 302,856 292,635 10,221
Eure 52,432 53,120 37,737 17,574 18,640 12,672 11,909 12,634 14,104 10,126 8,007 7,990 5,217 5,100 2,555 1,523 378,410 280,875 271,340 9,535
Seine-Maritime 113,654 96,671 100,010 35,963 46,966 27,872 29,290 30,415 22,320 19,315 27,170 15,861 11,256 10,297 5,478 3,316 837,659 616,057 595,854 20,203
Cher 33,276 25,449 23,688 9,493 11,121 7,950 6,500 6,887 8,891 5,549 10,377 3,597 2,838 2,608 1,728 906 228,120 167,310 160,858 6,452
Eure-et-Loir 40,167 37,905 28,635 13,511 11,773 9,792 8,588 7,731 10,420 8,510 4,619 5,412 4,030 3,676 2,688 1,076 278,123 205,306 198,533 6,773
Indre 26,714 19,331 20,876 6,631 8,267 5,489 4,613 5,959 9,455 3,985 5,614 2,601 2,041 2,140 1,635 747 176,678 132,708 126,098 6,610
Indre-et-Loire 53,504 39,359 44,624 19,009 17,796 15,263 14,367 12,143 12,738 12,688 7,600 5,503 5,763 5,764 3,836 1,579 381,130 281,686 271,536 10,150
Loir-et-Cher 32,004 30,818 24,494 12,587 10,191 8,131 7,154 7,095 11,085 6,163 5,624 4,038 2,853 3,003 1,772 874 232,656 174,623 167,886 6,737
Loiret 58,575 57,523 41,857 21,184 15,286 15,858 13,876 10,780 14,546 12,342 8,963 8,973 6,017 6,164 3,542 1,330 409,309 306,712 296,816 9,896
Calvados 63,580 46,258 51,516 22,631 24,204 15,556 17,279 15,698 22,468 12,511 7,593 6,497 6,902 7,256 3,822 1,801 458,071 336,490 325,572 10,918
Manche 64,961 34,069 34,993 17,001 17,002 12,233 10,161 12,192 20,300 9,851 4,949 4,567 4,338 4,919 3,090 1,304 358,965 265,401 255,930 9,471
Orne 35,949 28,076 20,344 10,813 9,816 5,685 6,719 6,839 8,617 6,164 3,023 3,229 2,541 3,077 2,190 828 214,215 159,377 153,910 5,467
Côte-d'Or 45,983 43,391 36,933 18,264 14,009 16,664 12,195 10,545 7,999 9,962 5,258 6,294 4,649 5,026 3,013 1,350 330,318 249,448 241,535 7,913
Nièvre 20,421 19,138 23,775 6,205 7,656 6,253 4,627 5,742 5,869 3,649 6,978 2,510 1,821 1,718 1,137 693 170,396 123,135 118,192 4,943
Saône-et-Loire 53,346 49,446 46,968 17,735 16,167 14,362 11,589 13,282 11,573 12,976 9,604 7,482 4,515 4,308 3,490 1,479 398,818 291,043 278,322 12,721
Yonne 33,444 35,071 22,805 10,651 9,287 8,774 7,102 6,945 7,035 6,551 5,254 5,821 2,852 3,010 1,752 955 235,687 173,279 167,309 5,970
Nord 209,977 230,015 199,036 78,071 85,680 54,733 56,414 50,131 41,881 40,684 57,639 30,415 15,119 16,528 12,232 5,631 1,721,267 1,224,201 1,184,186 40,015
Pas-de-Calais 121,943 135,330 128,435 36,146 61,395 39,066 27,992 34,291 47,113 21,247 39,553 16,219 7,837 8,023 6,580 3,974 1,047,845 766,539 735,144 31,395
Meurthe-et-Moselle 59,478 58,515 52,222 20,540 24,407 18,505 17,307 15,604 6,821 11,316 11,979 8,892 6,211 6,035 3,542 1,770 469,462 333,211 323,144 10,067
Meuse 19,302 19,943 13,987 7,126 6,475 4,376 4,458 4,441 4,427 3,479 2,254 2,764 1,509 1,865 1,129 490 138,972 101,751 98,025 3,726
Moselle 89,936 112,092 68,611 30,906 33,421 21,671 24,762 20,379 6,261 15,504 10,061 16,022 7,271 8,047 5,739 2,823 712,299 491,118 473,506 17,612
Vosges 37,939 41,379 28,119 12,555 13,378 10,860 8,941 10,051 6,268 7,798 4,133 5,533 3,194 3,681 2,665 1,070 283,175 207,178 197,564 9,614
Bas-Rhin 89,176 112,555 53,772 57,496 22,459 21,717 28,968 16,416 4,973 22,249 4,320 18,690 8,734 10,196 7,416 2,202 674,812 498,750 481,339 17,411
Haut-Rhin 61,642 80,030 36,722 31,033 17,710 21,452 20,443 12,027 3,430 14,015 3,709 16,971 5,766 7,619 6,080 1,536 478,443 353,004 340,185 12,819
Doubs 46,190 46,988 35,993 15,519 13,667 22,406 12,862 11,238 7,203 9,147 4,305 7,655 4,256 4,747 3,528 1,180 334,718 256,375 246,884 9,491
Jura 22,837 24,134 17,756 9,332 7,605 9,623 7,315 6,952 5,256 5,533 3,873 4,127 2,253 2,586 2,034 838 181,347 137,575 132,054 5,521
Haute-Saône 22,908 28,418 17,091 6,768 7,047 11,055 4,957 5,970 5,963 4,353 2,725 4,354 1,878 1,955 1,286 634 174,508 133,163 127,362 5,801
Territoire de Belfort 9,393 14,837 6,548 3,366 3,667 12,826 2,819 2,644 1,427 1,621 1,179 2,644 909 1,064 777 330 89,644 68,467 66,051 2,416
Loire-Atlantique 109,247 67,214 104,631 46,017 36,753 29,602 41,111 31,914 26,267 24,310 14,466 8,776 13,072 14,597 10,884 3,305 814,585 603,023 582,166 20,857
Maine-et-Loire 80,628 42,583 54,721 36,297 21,853 15,866 22,621 17,258 16,536 16,761 6,975 6,638 7,584 8,337 8,109 1,986 510,019 382,953 364,753 18,200
Mayenne 39,198 18,020 21,860 12,792 8,344 5,965 8,676 8,047 5,758 7,377 2,368 2,427 2,804 3,364 3,939 861 214,016 160,097 151,800 8,297
Sarthe 56,362 39,762 44,115 16,546 19,496 12,428 14,120 13,626 9,688 9,605 8,730 5,463 4,643 5,367 3,362 1,633 385,397 278,476 264,946 13,530
Vendée 77,311 36,437 45,770 25,890 17,559 11,941 15,943 13,664 19,990 14,323 5,663 4,973 5,670 7,044 6,385 1,496 427,889 325,448 310,059 15,389
Côtes-d'Armor 64,332 37,049 61,040 20,172 21,324 13,918 19,495 18,142 12,516 12,379 15,329 3,514 6,341 6,263 3,764 1,534 428,856 327,955 317,112 10,843
Finistère 101,792 50,028 85,911 34,930 29,702 22,132 30,395 27,352 16,411 18,988 13,479 4,427 10,579 9,399 5,467 2,108 635,751 476,554 463,100 13,454
Ille-et-Vilaine 94,703 46,449 79,142 34,958 29,955 20,231 31,346 23,863 15,251 22,559 9,373 5,047 11,137 10,878 7,112 2,253 618,329 460,065 444,257 15,808
Morbihan 81,711 53,797 60,422 23,860 20,519 15,097 20,898 18,577 14,208 16,371 9,791 3,925 7,189 8,162 5,168 1,605 498,938 373,926 361,300 12,626
Charente 35,396 24,735 31,870 10,501 12,415 8,017 8,981 9,650 13,257 5,909 6,810 3,445 3,194 3,167 1,857 972 255,110 187,788 180,176 7,612
Charente Maritime 59,749 39,427 47,399 18,238 17,534 13,372 15,162 13,453 27,130 11,697 9,266 5,531 6,404 5,411 2,679 1,550 417,856 305,202 294,002 11,200
Deux-Sèvres 41,890 17,367 33,998 15,008 12,960 7,639 11,134 10,108 12,516 6,758 3,819 2,416 3,900 3,587 3,135 1,094 260,937 197,203 187,329 9,874
Vienne 44,459 22,968 35,860 13,613 14,804 9,383 11,890 10,668 15,066 6,646 6,523 3,019 4,327 3,935 2,621 1,185 286,933 215,991 206,967 9,024
Dordogne 47,864 27,014 38,526 11,412 12,494 9,862 10,228 11,407 17,245 6,233 13,750 4,573 3,851 3,649 1,895 1,060 303,991 231,846 221,063 10,783
Gironde 113,648 85,813 109,017 40,358 35,582 29,080 37,641 26,856 47,635 18,128 20,193 8,906 11,752 10,660 5,432 2,555 867,452 621,759 603,256 18,503
Landes 35,769 19,516 40,798 13,101 8,938 7,223 7,768 8,064 22,563 4,714 8,351 2,166 2,601 2,416 1,682 666 258,936 193,898 186,336 7,562
Lot-et-Garonne 28,802 31,184 25,955 11,065 7,993 6,708 7,482 7,043 15,281 4,972 6,704 4,347 2,766 2,396 1,646 602 229,022 171,351 164,946 6,405
Pyrénées-Atlantiques 58,976 32,644 55,996 41,432 16,291 12,118 18,087 15,865 29,303 7,700 9,313 3,280 5,566 4,675 2,851 1,154 450,504 327,615 315,251 12,364
Ariège 11,394 12,027 18,890 3,236 4,388 3,703 4,207 4,442 6,684 1,629 4,162 1,256 1,476 1,076 687 349 109,027 82,873 79,606 3,267
Aveyron 35,438 19,344 26,062 11,435 7,903 7,994 7,611 7,780 13,115 6,705 4,702 2,502 3,029 2,999 2,538 641 214,595 167,871 159,798 8,073
Haute-Garonne 79,080 86,395 110,550 33,291 28,887 30,276 35,867 24,285 20,062 16,422 16,024 9,284 12,391 10,582 4,985 2,166 709,805 539,821 520,547 19,274
Gers 17,961 13,331 19,902 6,459 4,946 4,404 4,574 4,566 10,828 2,757 3,471 1,663 2,202 1,569 1,098 368 135,423 104,683 100,099 4,584
Lot 18,283 10,263 16,789 4,771 5,439 5,278 5,175 5,200 9,680 2,749 4,357 1,432 2,833 1,789 981 482 128,177 99,961 95,501 4,460
Hautes-Pyrénées 19,852 14,965 24,355 9,385 6,799 5,365 5,712 6,553 11,012 2,752 6,643 1,680 2,774 2,035 1,227 524 169,135 126,983 121,633 5,350
Tarn 35,064 32,617 36,275 11,712 11,122 9,416 9,595 8,957 12,826 5,693 6,720 4,608 3,431 3,057 2,327 772 261,605 203,705 194,192 9,513
Tarn-et-Garonne 20,325 23,160 18,004 6,685 5,961 5,232 5,251 4,796 9,690 3,373 3,364 3,065 2,751 1,762 1,236 452 153,826 119,619 115,107 4,512
Corrèze 48,170 12,463 23,130 4,613 7,836 5,461 4,572 6,169 8,808 2,813 9,685 1,675 1,918 1,931 936 556 184,267 146,745 140,736 6,009
Creuse 18,378 7,831 12,798 3,143 4,207 3,325 2,406 3,531 4,890 1,832 3,827 1,155 1,025 909 555 330 101,812 73,871 70,142 3,729
Haute-Vienne 41,677 21,393 37,587 8,788 14,233 10,049 8,436 10,431 10,000 5,012 10,764 3,332 3,389 3,127 1,750 1,001 261,252 201,251 190,9

69||10,282

Ain 41,348 52,617 30,418 18,614 11,562 14,665 12,339 9,404 9,718 12,580 5,134 8,425 4,527 5,258 2,966 1,077 338,220 249,217 240,652 8,565
Ardèche 27,861 27,043 22,946 10,984 8,613 9,072 8,467 8,287 12,391 5,289 6,717 4,244 3,086 3,039 2,536 870 219,897 167,677 161,445 6,232
Drôme 35,553 46,484 31,172 15,518 10,947 13,353 12,859 10,005 11,289 8,399 6,963 6,577 4,787 4,499 4,149 955 309,557 231,154 223,509 7,645
Isère 77,215 92,576 80,852 34,650 29,345 34,192 35,248 22,930 13,660 22,132 17,988 13,649 10,856 11,855 6,339 2,563 708,265 522,650 506,050 16,600
Loire 57,378 73,638 45,519 27,300 19,208 20,567 17,096 14,887 10,882 13,951 11,404 9,808 5,449 6,154 4,823 1,681 483,976 352,329 339,745 12,584
Rhône 121,703 130,367 94,101 59,622 30,042 44,823 40,908 24,135 11,073 38,039 17,013 17,005 15,923 16,208 10,025 2,633 932,406 691,830 673,620 18,210
Savoie 33,958 37,312 24,688 13,352 9,213 11,936 11,923 8,326 5,604 9,186 5,886 5,197 3,831 4,738 2,339 1,090 265,061 195,013 188,579 6,434
Haute-Savoie 55,175 61,547 33,776 24,573 13,380 16,785 21,431 11,268 6,705 18,182 5,105 6,929 6,325 9,400 4,250 1,221 421,449 306,394 296,052 10,342
Allier 37,533 25,387 28,814 11,576 11,241 9,337 6,961 8,467 7,936 6,018 14,616 3,268 2,669 2,597 2,375 973 256,113 189,047 179,768 9,279
Cantal 27,351 9,848 12,737 4,885 4,456 3,918 2,935 3,839 8,257 2,453 2,455 1,542 1,227 1,423 812 457 123,827 92,562 88,595 3,967
Haute-Loire 24,631 22,171 15,435 10,287 6,982 6,514 5,529 6,259 5,876 4,167 2,903 3,131 1,995 1,972 1,952 675 166,347 126,480 120,479 6,001
Puy-de-Dôme 57,551 41,307 51,571 21,691 23,363 19,203 15,345 17,695 11,490 10,482 11,123 6,027 5,991 5,576 3,326 1,742 425,502 317,550 303,483 14,067
Aude 26,021 34,357 37,021 7,521 9,344 8,707 6,999 7,700 12,050 4,151 8,365 4,316 2,619 2,113 1,405 745 236,852 179,992 173,434 6,558
Gard 48,342 79,743 44,406 19,577 16,332 16,563 13,901 12,556 17,158 10,718 16,868 9,969 5,471 4,753 3,046 1,452 445,560 331,084 320,855 10,229
Hérault 68,502 104,841 73,208 25,452 22,552 24,362 25,245 18,369 26,303 15,696 18,669 11,120 9,185 6,950 3,890 1,910 632,459 470,172 456,254 13,918
Lozère 10,838 5,958 5,637 3,277 2,035 2,091 1,944 2,040 3,644 1,875 1,464 749 822 690 633 176 58,864 45,517 43,873 1,644
Pyrénées-Orientales 34,199 42,196 33,498 12,355 10,567 10,406 8,825 8,573 11,735 6,414 9,701 4,854 3,191 2,650 1,467 842 285,980 208,397 201,473 6,924
Alpes-de Haute-Provence 12,998 13,184 10,845 4,651 4,366 4,654 4,468 4,056 7,123 2,943 3,465 2,252 1,700 1,459 845 421 108,943 82,395 79,430 2,965
Haute Alpes 12,036 9,965 9,152 4,816 3,437 4,068 4,677 3,797 5,063 3,579 2,376 1,933 1,664 1,593 926 320 95,100 72,049 69,402 2,647
Alpes-Maritimes 102,588 121,362 56,868 31,729 17,544 22,634 22,388 11,992 11,430 22,671 13,984 11,825 6,939 8,283 3,466 1,337 690,348 478,074 467,040 11,034
Bouches-du-Rhône 138,189 182,778 114,323 47,530 40,220 44,947 41,563 26,860 32,097 31,371 39,032 40,628 14,078 12,823 6,472 2,979 1,144,969 838,148 815,890 22,258
Var 96,365 106,710 54,781 27,628 20,363 23,995 19,748 13,621 21,948 18,901 13,844 14,330 6,858 7,807 4,624 1,651 645,315 464,740 453,174 11,566
Vaucluse 41,935 64,831 31,611 14,270 11,274 12,190 11,891 9,313 15,129 9,025 7,729 9,924 4,481 4,350 2,319 1,061 342,881 259,077 251,333 7,744
Corse-du-Sud 13,899 8,749 7,539 1,831 1,666 3,400 1,630 1,408 3,885 1,198 2,360 721 1,161 421 225 168 86,526 51,450 50,261 1,189
Haute-Corse 16,281 8,417 9,297 1,829 1,963 4,300 1,635 1,592 5,123 1,005 3,141 958 2,801 499 244 116 104,774 60,687 59,201 1,486
Guadeloupe 26,416 2,695 21,012 807 813 1,289 972 507 342 692 592 300 33,794 328 530 78 278,104 95,333 91,167 4,166
Martinique 29,424 1,563 26,059 769 1,055 2,022 882 421 221 484 429 177 24,864 232 742 84 266,229 94,251 89,428 4,823
French Guiana 4,496 1,180 2,506 401 310 586 455 290 143 241 88 150 12,479 143 159 37 51,787 24,216 23,664 552
Réunion 86,830 8,915 91,176 5,838 5,966 7,305 5,001 4,512 1,149 2,460 2,755 2,027 4,914 2,232 2,129 512 436,745 246,054 233,721 12,333
Sainte Pierre and Miquelon 599 260 265 80 121 82 167 93 31 19 20 27 119 29 28 5 4,813 2,020 1,942 78
Mayotte 9,105 536 3,972 2,595 249 791 306 490 122 1,112 127 277 1,120 158 133 96 52,218 21,525 21,189 336
Wallis and Futuna 3,031 46 2,144 47 70 449 35 47 18 9 9 13 28 16 17 11 9,353 6,027 5,990 37
French Polynesia 47,133 3,179 18,670 704 686 786 1,118 804 287 378 150 422 389 422 309 122 151,505 78,890 75,559 3,331
New Caledonia 29,490 6,610 13,667 1,414 1,184 1,116 1,847 1,352 453 760 210 540 791 923 482 112 126,985 62,551 60,951 1,600
Source: European Election Database

By Region[edit]

Region Jacques Chirac Jean-Marie Le Pen Lionel Jospin François Bayrou Arlette Laguiller Jean-Pierre Chevènement Noël Mamère Olivier Besancenot Jean Saint-Josse Alain Madelin Robert Hue Bruno Mégret Christiane Taubira Corinne Lepage Christine Boutin Daniel Gluckstein Electorate Votes Valid votes Invalid votes
Île-de-France 838,380 583,673 680,166 299,041 183,123 265,682 246,615 139,007 47,045 200,275 142,014 79,327 144,356 90,224 50,192 16,171 6,036,698 4,099,792 4,005,291 94,501
Champagne-Ardenne 125,325 132,539 88,993 41,469 41,407 28,708 26,572 25,676 26,155 24,240 18,302 18,737 8,826 10,922 6,492 3,127 901,835 648,216 627,490 20,726
Picardy 167,130 185,880 130,522 54,298 69,908 43,206 36,225 39,995 57,835 28,952 35,424 24,836 13,865 14,883 8,848 5,479 1,273,790 947,426 917,286 30,140
Upper Normandy 166,086 149,791 137,747 53,537 65,606 40,544 41,199 43,049 36,424 29,441 35,177 23,851 16,473 15,397 8,033 4,839 1,216,069 896,932 867,194 29,738
Centre 244,240 210,385 184,174 82,415 74,434 62,483 55,098 50,595 67,135 49,237 42,797 30,124 23,542 23,355 15,201 6,512 1,706,016 1,268,345 1,221,727 46,618
Lower Normandy 164,490 108,403 106,853 50,445 51,022 33,474 34,159 34,729 51,385 28,526 15,565 14,293 13,781 15,252 9,102 3,933 1,031,251 761,268 735,412 25,856
Burgundy 153,194 147,046 130,481 52,855 47,119 46,053 35,513 36,514 32,476 33,138 27,094 22,107 13,837 14,062 9,392 4,477 1,135,219 836,905 805,358 31,547
Nord-Pas-de-Calais 331,920 365,345 327,471 114,217 147,075 93,799 84,406 84,422 88,994 61,931 97,192 46,634 22,956 24,551 18,812 9,605 2,769,112 1,990,740 1,919,330 71,410
Lorraine 206,655 231,929 162,939 71,127 77,681 55,412 55,468 50,475 23,777 38,097 28,427 33,211 18,185 19,628 13,075 6,153 1,603,908 1,133,258 1,092,239 41,019
Alsace 150,818 192,585 90,494 88,529 40,169 43,169 49,411 28,443 8,403 36,264 8,029 35,661 14,500 17,815 13,496 3,738 1,153,255 851,754 821,524 30,230
Franche-Comté 101,328 114,377 77,388 34,985 31,986 55,910 27,953 26,804 19,849 20,654 12,082 18,780 9,296 10,352 7,625 2,982 780,217 595,580 572,351 23,229
Pays de la Loire 362,746 204,016 271,097 137,542 104,005 75,802 102,471 84,509 78,239 72,376 38,202 28,277 33,773 38,709 32,679 9,281 2,351,906 1,749,997 1,673,724 76,273
Brittany 342,538 187,323 286,515 113,920 101,500 71,378 102,134 87,934 58,386 70,297 47,972 16,913 35,246 34,702 21,511 7,500 2,181,874 1,638,500 1,585,769 52,731
Poitou-Charentes 181,494 104,497 149,127 57,360 57,713 38,411 47,167 43,879 67,969 31,010 26,418 14,411 17,825 16,100 10,292 4,801 1,220,836 906,184 868,474 37,710
Aquitaine 285,059 196,171 270,292 117,368 81,298 64,991 81,206 69,235 132,027 41,747 58,311 23,272 26,536 23,796 13,506 6,037 2,109,905 1,546,469 1,490,852 55,617
Midi-Pyrénées 237,397 212,102 270,827 86,974 75,445 71,668 77,992 66,579 93,897 42,080 49,443 25,490 30,887 24,869 15,079 5,754 1,881,593 1,445,516 1,386,483 59,033
Limousin 108,225 41,687 73,515 16,544 26,276 18,835 15,414 20,131 23,698 9,657 24,276 6,162 6,332 5,967 3,241 1,887 547,331 421,867 401,847 20,020
Rhône-Alpes 450,191 521,584 363,472 204,613 132,310 165,393 160,271 109,242 81,322 127,758 76,210 71,834 54,784 61,151 37,427 12,090 3,678,831 2,716,264 2,629,652 86,612
Auvergne 147,066 98,713 108,557 48,439 46,042 38,972 30,770 36,260 33,559 23,120 31,097 13,968 11,882 11,568 8,465 3,847 971,789 725,639 692,325 33,314
Languedoc-Roussillon 187,902 267,095 193,770 68,182 60,830 62,129 56,914 49,238 70,890 38,854 55,067 31,008 21,288 17,156 10,441 5,125 1,659,715 1,235,162 1,195,889 39,273
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 404,111 498,830 277,580 130,624 97,204 112,488 104,735 69,639 92,790 88,490 80,430 80,892 35,720 36,315 18,652 7,769 3,027,556 2,194,483 2,136,269 58,214
Corsica 30,180 17,166 16,836 3,660 3,629 7,700 3,265 3,000 9,008 2,203 5,501 1,679 3,962 920 469 284 191,300 112,137 109,462 2,675
Guadeloupe 26,416 2,695 21,012 807 813 1,289 972 507 342 692 592 300 33,794 328 530 78 278,104 95,333 91,167 4,166
Martinique 29,424 1,563 26,059 769 1,055 2,022 882 421 221 484 429 177 24,864 232 742 84 266,229 94,251 89,428 4,823
French Guiana 4,496 1,180 2,506 401 310 586 455 290 143 241 88 150 12,479 143 159 37 51,787 24,216 23,664 552
Réunion 86,830 8,915 91,176 5,838 5,966 7,305 5,001 4,512 1,149 2,460 2,755 2,027 4,914 2,232 2,129 512 436,745 246,054 233,721 12,333
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 599 260 265 80 121 82 167 93 31 19 20 27 119 29 28 5 4,813 2,020 1,942 78
Mayotte 9,105 536 3,972 2,595 249 791 306 490 122 1,112 127 277 1,120 158 133 96 52,218 21,525 21,189 336
Wallis and Futuna 3,031 46 2,144 47 70 449 35 47 18 9 9 13 28 16 17 11 9,353 6,027 5,990 37
French Polynesia 47,133 3,179 18,670 704 686 786 1,118 804 287 378 150 422 389 422 309 122 151,505 78,890 75,559 3,331
New Caledonia 29,490 6,610 13,667 1,414 1,184 1,116 1,847 1,352 453 760 210 540 791 923 482 112 126,985 62,551 60,951 1,600
Source: European Election Database

Second round[edit]

By Department[edit]

Department Jacques Chirac Jean-Marie Le Pen Electorate Votes Valid votes Invalid votes
Paris 784,741 87,501 1,081,313 896,811 872,242 24,569
Seine-et-Marne 444,755 106,789 721,846 578,840 551,544 27,296
Yvelines 556,799 93,754 825,366 676,487 650,553 25,934
Essonne 448,940 79,451 681,806 552,297 528,391 23,906
Hauts-de-Seine 561,114 76,605 815,107 658,904 637,719 21,185
Seine-Saint-Denis 382,424 80,765 631,147 483,067 463,189 19,878
Val-de Marne 448,375 71,632 677,795 540,155 520,007 20,148
Val-de Oise 382,976 79,956 604,201 483,293 462,932 20,361
Ardennes 106,793 33,865 192,407 150,939 140,658 10,281
Aube 112,465 33,831 193,743 155,606 146,296 9,310
Marne 218,627 55,224 372,035 288,939 273,851 15,088
Haute-Marne 80,660 25,232 143,608 113,518 105,892 7,626
Aisne 207,908 67,727 366,995 295,064 275,635 19,429
Oise 287,003 96,100 506,772 406,658 383,103 23,555
Somme 237,353 65,949 399,858 325,298 303,302 21,996
Eure 226,076 62,939 378,241 305,393 289,015 16,378
Seine-Maritime 526,650 111,109 837,500 673,046 637,759 35,287
Cher 142,411 29,026 228,040 182,781 171,437 11,344
Eure-et-Loir 168,207 44,007 277,980 224,267 212,214 12,053
Indre 113,006 22,542 176,656 145,249 135,548 9,701
Indre-et-Loire 249,482 44,549 381,114 309,808 294,031 15,777
Loir-et-Cher 144,756 34,421 232,618 190,078 179,177 10,901
Loiret 257,597 59,448 409,234 334,192 317,045 17,147
Calvados 295,883 56,564 458,107 371,135 352,447 18,688
Manche 237,084 40,832 358,870 292,125 277,916 14,209
Orne 135,900 31,258 214,186 175,871 167,158 8,713
Côte-d'Or 207,875 46,619 330,297 271,035 254,494 16,541
Nièvre 102,079 22,766 170,336 134,578 124,845 9,733
Saône-et-Loire 241,719 53,422 398,409 316,514 295,141 21,373
Yonne 138,765 40,713 235,620 190,306 179,478 10,828
Nord 989,046 274,390 1,721,146 1,337,068 1,263,436 73,632
Pas-de-Calais 600,597 171,231 1,048,035 827,015 771,828 55,187
Meurthe-et-Moselle 287,148 64,244 469,408 371,683 351,392 20,291
Meuse 81,888 22,802 138,855 111,720 104,690 7,030
Moselle 408,846 114,536 712,204 553,009 523,382 29,627
Vosges 168,537 45,326 283,162 228,719 213,863 14,856
Bas-Rhin 406,057 105,886 675,014 539,336 511,943 27,393
Haut-Rhin 280,694 80,774 478,476 382,671 361,468 21,203
Doubs 212,719 47,303 334,645 277,382 260,022 17,360
Jura 112,893 26,227 181,320 149,442 139,120 10,322
Haute-Saône 99,153 31,698 174,459 142,796 130,851 11,945
Territoire de Belfort 52,822 14,972 89,631 73,128 67,794 5,334
Loire-Atlantique 561,582 70,653 814,580 663,938 632,235 31,703
Maine-et-Loire 353,118 48,488 509,928 421,902 401,606 20,296
Mayenne 148,973 19,190 214,054 176,747 168,163 8,584
Sarthe 246,356 45,429 385,345 310,468 291,785 18,683
Vendée 297,854 41,341 427,854 356,532 339,195 17,337
Côtes-d'Armor 300,021 39,753 428,720 360,703 339,774 20,929
Finistère 446,636 52,745 635,432 525,180 499,381 25,799
Ille-et-Vilaine 439,600 49,849 618,248 512,956 489,449 23,507
Morbihan 337,126 54,364 498,955 412,413 391,490 20,923
Charente 165,014 28,700 255,097 207,202 193,714 13,488
Charente Maritime 268,309 52,164 417,799 339,450 320,473 18,977
Deux-Sèvres 186,379 21,597 260,914 218,280 207,976 10,304
Vienne 198,063 27,920 286,962 238,101 225,983 12,118
Dordogne 204,993 34,215 303,830 257,403 239,208 18,195
Gironde 561,009 108,670 867,695 711,267 669,679 41,588
Landes 174,987 25,920 258,814 215,575 200,907 14,668
Lot-et-Garonne 138,294 39,101 228,985 190,920 177,395 13,525
Pyrénées-Atlantiques 304,379 43,503 450,458 371,787 347,882 23,905
Ariège 69,400 13,343 108,986 90,159 82,743 7,416
Aveyron 150,283 20,214 214,793 182,012 170,497 11,515
Haute-Garonne 463,850 87,682 710,535 586,043 551,532 34,511
Gers 91,057 15,821 135,345 114,853 106,878 7,975
Lot 89,690 12,335 128,161 109,627 102,025 7,602
Hautes-Pyrénées 112,494 17,486 169,127 139,934 129,980 9,954
Tarn 169,484 36,172 261,513 221,497 205,656 15,841
Tarn-et-Garonne 94,589 26,046 153,674 129,608 120,635 8,973
Corrèze 134,988 13,530 184,162 158,452 148,518 9,934
Creuse 68,313 9,014 101,802 82,452 77,327 5,125
Haute-Vienne 182,431 22,694 260,919 218,887 205,125 13,762
Ain 204,029 54,957 338,181 273,817 258,986 14,831
Ardèche 140,208 30,531 219,803 182,389 170,739 11,650
Drôme 190,047 49,649 309,535 254,068 239,696 14,372
Isère 449,082 100,462 708,500 577,528 549,544 27,984
Loire 289,590 75,022 484,174 385,483 364,612 20,871
Rhône 587,749 135,496 932,615 755,174 723,245 31,929
Savoie 163,584 37,736 264,930 213,098 201,320 11,778
Haute-Savoie 262,567 58,417 421,165 337,399 320,984 16,415
Allier 164,603 28,569 256,086 207,091 193,172 13,919
Cantal 86,078 11,168 123,815 102,619 97,246 5,373
Haute-Loire 105,112 23,368 166,312 137,517 128,480 9,037
Puy-de-Dôme 286,928 42,700 425,361 351,015 329,628 21,387
Aude 139,875 39,606 236,812 194,714 179,481 15,233
Gard 248,906 90,488 445,500 363,760 339,394 24,366
Hérault 363,019 117,631 632,253 515,174 480,650 34,524
Lozère 39,715 6,693 58,810 49,491 46,408 3,083
Pyrénées-Orientales 160,553 53,876 285,938 230,530 214,429 16,101
Alpes-de Haute-Provence 66,456 17,847 108,907 90,107 84,303 5,804
Haute Alpes 60,756 12,952 95,075 78,543 73,708 4,835
Alpes-Maritimes 357,143 143,648 690,131 524,984 500,791 24,193
Bouches-du-Rhône 638,688 241,814 1,145,020 926,102 880,502 45,600
Var 346,240 139,319 645,326 512,680 485,559 27,121
Vaucluse 186,545 78,601 342,547 281,353 265,146 16,207
Corse-du-Sud 43,557 12,502 86,431 59,743 56,059 3,684
Haute-Corse 53,153 12,009 104,742 69,902 65,162 4,740
Guadaloupe 93,038 8,889 281,514 109,435 101,927 7,508
Martinique 108,562 4,353 266,530 120,372 112,915 7,457
French Guiana 19,726 2,416 51,782 23,339 22,142 1,197
Réunion 278,563 24,542 436,706 317,186 303,105 14,081
Sainte Pierre and Miquelon 2,880 319 4,813 3,324 3,199 125
Mayotte 17,844 2,371 52,189 21,386 20,215 1,171
Wallis and Futuna 5,777 492 9,348 6,350 6,269 81
French Polynesia 70,386 9,824 149,782 83,095 80,210 2,885
New Caledonia 49,816 12,125 126,969 64,204 61,941 2,263
Source: European Election Database

By Region[edit]

Region Jacques Chirac Jean-Marie Le Pen Electorate Votes Valid votes Invalid votes
Île de France 4,010,124 676,453 6,038,581 4,869,854 4,686,577 183,277
Champagne-Ardenne 518,545 148,152 901,793 709,002 666,697 42,305
Picardy 732,264 229,776 1,273,625 1,027,020 962,040 64,980
Upper Normandy 752,726 174,048 1,215,741 978,439 926,774 51,665
Centre 1,075,459 233,993 1,705,642 1,386,375 1,309,452 76,923
Lower Normandy 668,867 128,654 1,031,163 839,131 797,521 41,610
Bourgogne 690,438 163,520 1,134,662 912,433 853,958 58,475
Nord-Pas-de-Calais 1,589,643 445,621 2,769,181 2,164,083 2,035,264 128,819
Lorraine 946,419 246,908 1,603,629 1,265,131 1,193,327 71,804
Alsace 686,751 186,660 1,153,490 922,007 873,411 48,596
Franche-Comté 477,587 120,200 780,055 642,748 597,787 44,961
Pays de la Loire 1,607,883 225,101 2,351,761 1,929,587 1,832,984 96,603
Brittany 1,523,383 196,711 2,181,355 1,811,252 1,720,094 91,158
Poitou-Charentes 817,765 130,381 1,220,772 1,003,033 948,146 54,887
Aquitaine 1,383,662 251,409 2,109,782 1,746,952 1,635,071 111,881
Midi-Pyrénées 1,240,847 229,099 1,882,134 1,573,733 1,469,946 103,787
Limousin 385,732 45,238 546,883 459,791 430,970 28,821
Rhône-Alpes 2,286,856 542,270 3,678,903 2,978,956 2,829,126 149,830
Auvergne 642,721 105,805 971,574 798,242 748,526 49,716
Languedoc-Roussillon 952,068 308,294 1,659,313 1,353,669 1,260,362 93,307
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 1,655,828 634,181 3,027,006 2,413,769 2,290,009 123,760
Corsica 96,710 24,511 191,173 129,645 121,221 8,424
Guadeloupe 93,038 8,889 281,514 109,435 101,927 7,508
Martinique 108,562 4,353 266,530 120,372 112,915 7,457
French Guiana 19,726 2,416 51,782 23,339 22,142 1,197
Réunion 278,563 24,542 436,706 317,186 303,105 14,081
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2,880 319 4,813 3,324 3,199 125
Mayotte 17,844 2,371 52,189 21,386 20,215 1,171
Wallis and Futuna 5,777 492 9,348 6,350 6,269 81
French Polynesia 70,386 9,824 149,782 83,095 80,210 2,885
New Caledonia 49,816 12,125 126,969 64,204 61,941 2,263

Opinion polls[edit]

Jacques Chirac Jean-Marie Le Pen Lionel Jospin
10–11 April – CSA 21% 12% 19%
10–13 April – BVA 18,5% 14% 18%
11–12 April – Ifop 19% 11,5% 17%
13 April – Ifop 20% 13% 18%
13–15 April – Nouvel Observateur/Sofres 20% 13% 18%
17–18 April – CSA 19,5% 14% 18%
17–18 April – Ipsos 20% 14% 18%
17–18 April – LCI/Sofres 19,5% 13,5% 17%
21 April – 18% 14,5% 17%
Results 19,88% 16,86% 16,18%

Summary[edit]

The 2002 election was the first for which the President would be elected to a five-year, instead of a seven-year, term.

In the months before the election, the campaign had increasingly focused on questions of law and order, with a particular focus on crimes committed by young people, especially those of foreign origin. Lionel Jospin was, at the time, Prime Minister of France; the Jospin government was criticised for its "softness" on crime by its political opponents. Alarmist reporting on the TF1 and France2 television channel and other media also overemphasised the alleged crime wave.[1]

The first round of the election (on 21 April), which saw an exceptional number of 16 candidates, came as a shock to many commentators, almost all of whom had expected the second ballot to be between Jacques Chirac and Lionel Jospin. Indeed, it was this very expectation that led to Jospin's downfall, with a plethora of "small party" left candidates (independent socialists and republicans, Green, Communist, Trotskyist, radical etc.) all intending to support him in the second round, but to raise their profile in the first, like Jean-Pierre Chevènement and Christiane Taubira. They cumulatively took enough votes away from Jospin to (unintentionally) prevent him from reaching the second round, which he could have won. Instead Jean-Marie Le Pen faced Chirac in the second ballot. The election brought the opinion polls and two-round voting system into question as well as raising many concerns about apathy and the way in which the left had become so divided as a result of the over democratical refusal of Jospin to strategically ask the nearest small parties of his own government coalition to withdraw, like the preceding leaders of the left had done for such an election.

There was a widespread stirring of national public opinion, and more than one million people in France took part in street rallies, in an expression of fierce opposition to Le Pen's ideas. Some held up protest signs stating "I'm ashamed to be French," which parodied Le Pen's party slogan, "Proud to be French." Spontaneous street protests began in the night from 21 April to 22 April, then on 22 April and 23, then as follows:

  • 24 April: 60,000 people in the streets protesting against Le Pen's success
  • 25 April: 250,000 people in the streets protesting against Le Pen's success
  • 27 April: 200,000 people in the streets protesting against Le Pen's success (including 45,000 in Paris)
  • 1 May:
    • Approximately 20,000 people turned out for the National Front's yearly demonstration in Paris in honor of Joan of Arc and in support of Le Pen.
    • Between 900,000 (according to the Ministry of the Interior) and 1,300,000 people (according to syndicates)[2] turned up to the Labor Day demonstrations and against the National Front. Hundreds of thousands of people who normally did not take part in such demonstrations came, in addition to the usual unions. In Paris, 500,000 people were seen in the streets, one of the greatest protest since the Liberation of Paris; the march was so big it had to be divided in three parts to reach the place de la Bastille.[3] In another unusual sight for 1 May demonstrations, French tricolour flags were commonplace.

The choice between Chirac, who was under suspicion for actions carried out whilst he was mayor of Paris (see corruption scandals in the Paris region) but benefited from Presidential immunity as long as he stayed president, and Le Pen, a nationalist often accused of racism and antisemitism, was one that many found tough. Some people suggested going to vote with a clothes peg on their noses to express disgust when voting for Chirac, but this may have been illegal, because it is prohibited to advertise one's vote inside the voting precinct. In the days before the second ballot, a memorable poster was put up of Chirac with the slogan "Vote for the Crook, not the Fascist".[4] Chirac defeated Le Pen by a landslide.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GARRIGOS Raphaël & ROBERTS Isabelle (23 April 2002). "L'insécurité, programme préféré de la télé" (in French). Libération. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Vincent Glad (29 September 2010). "Écarts entre les chiffres police/syndicats: record battu" (in French). Slate (magazine). Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Manifestation à Paris le 1er mai 2002 contre Jean-Marie Le Pen" (in French). Institut national de l'audiovisuel. 1 May 2002. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Votez escroc, pas facho!" (in French). Libération. 23 April 2002. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official results[edit]

Commentary[edit]