French ship Éole (1789)

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For other ships with the same name, see French ship Éole.
Scale model of Achille, sister ship of French ship Éole (1789), on display at the Musée de la Marine in Paris.
French Navy Ensign France
Name: Éole
Namesake: Aeolus
Builder: Lorient
Laid down: 1 June 1787
Launched: 15 November 1789
Commissioned: August 1790
Fate: Broken up in Baltimore in 1816
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Téméraire-class ship of the line
  • 1,966 tonnes
  • 3,260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)
Beam: 14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)
Draught: 7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails
Armour: Timber

Éole was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

Between 1791 and 1793, she was based in Saint-Domingue. She took part in the Glorious First of June, where she and Trajan dismasted HMS Bellerophon.

She later took part in the Expédition d'Irlande, an ill-fated attempt to invade Ireland.

On 19 August 1806, during the Atlantic campaign of 1806, she was dismasted by a tempest off Martinique, and had to be taken in tow by American ships to Annapolis. She was eventually condemned in 1811, and broken up in 1816.

Several of her 36-pounder long guns were loaned to Fort McHenry in 1813 and used in the defence of Baltimore in September 1814.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". (in French). Retrieved 4 April 2013.