French ship Auguste (1779)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Auguste and French ship Jacobin.
Auguste Chesapeake.jpg
Auguste fighting at the Battle of the Chesapeake
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Name: Auguste
Namesake: Augustus, Jacobin Club, Thermidorian Reaction
Builder: Brest
Laid down: December 1777[1]
Launched: 18 September 1778[1]
In service: March 1779[1]
Fate: Foundered off Brest on 9 January 1795, most hands lost.[1]
General characteristics
Type: 80-gun ship of the line
Displacement: 1900 tonnes[1]
Length: 60.4 m (198 ft)[1]
Beam: 14.9 m (49 ft)[1]
Draught: 7.8 m (26 ft)[1]
Propulsion: Sail
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 780
Armament: 80 guns
Armour: Timber

Auguste 80-gun ship of the line in the French Navy, laid down in 1777 and in active service from 1779. She tooks part in the Naval operations in the American Revolutionary War and later in the French Revolutionary Wars, notably fighting at the Combat de Prairial. She was lost with most hands during the Croisière du Grand Hiver in January 1795.

Service[edit]

Soon after her commissionning, from June to September 1779, Auguste patroles the Channel under Captain de Rochechouart. She took part in the Battle of St. Lucia, the Battle of Fort Royal and the Battle of the Chesapeake under captain Bougainville.

In 1793, she was renamed to Jacobin and was part of the Brest squadron. She was involved in the Quibéron mutinies in September 1793.

The next year, she took part in the Combat de Prairial, where she followed the flagship Montagne, and failed to prevent HMS Queen Charlotte from breaking the French line.

In December 1794, she was renamed Neuf Thermidor. On 29 January, as she took part in the Croisière du Grand Hiver, she was caught in a tempest off Brest and wrecked with the loss of most of her crew.


Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. p. 57. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.