French ship Bretagne (1855)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Bretagne.
Bretagne 1859 7154.jpg
The Bretagne, painting by Jules Achille Noël, National Maritime Museum, London.
Career (France)
Builder: Brest arsenal
Laid down: January 1853
Launched: 17 February 1855
Commissioned: 1855
In service: 1855
Struck: 1879
Fate: Scrapped 1880
General characteristics
Displacement: 5289 tonnes, 6875 tonnes full charge
Length: 81 m (266 ft) (at the water line)
Beam: 18.08 m (59.3 ft)
Draught: 8.56 m (28.1 ft)
Propulsion: Indret steam engine, 8 boilers, 4800 shp, 1 propeller
Speed: 12.6 knots (23.3 km/h; 14.5 mph)
Boats and landing
craft carried:
1 13 metre boat, one 11.5 metre boat, 4 10.5 metre boats, 1 8 metre boat, 4 whaleboat, 2 dinghies
Capacity: up to 1800 passengers
Complement: 1170 men
Armament: Original: 130 guns

lower battery : 18 × "canon de 36" (43lb shot), 18 × 80-pounder shell gun (223mm shell)
middle battery : 18 × 30-pounder (164mm shot), 18 × 80-pounder shell gun
upper battery : 38 × 30-pounder
forecastle : 2 × "canon de 50" (56lb shot), 18 × 30-pounder carronades (164mm shot)
in 1869 :
lower battery: 2 190mm rifled guns canons rayés de 19 cm
middle battery: 16 gun 30 n°2, 4 160cm rifled guns canons rayés (mod. 1864), 8 160mm rifled guns (mod. 1860 and 1862), 2 160mm muzzle-loading rifled guns, 2 140mm guns

Bridge: 2 120mm bronze guns
Armour: timber

The Bretagne was a fast 130-gun three-decker of the French Navy, designed by engineer Marielle. She was built after the Napoléon, and was fitted with a steam engine while under construction, though she had been laid down as a sail ship.

She took part in the Crimean War in 1854 and 1855.

From 1866, she was used as barracks. She was renamed to Ville de Bordeaux in 1880. She was scrapped the same year.

External links[edit]

  • Jean-Michel Roche, Dictionnaire des Bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, tome I
  • Bretagne
The Bretagne used as cadet school ship