French ship Hector (1756)
|Ordered:||2 July 1751|
|Laid down:||23 July 1752|
|Launched:||23 July 1755|
|In service:||June 1756|
|Struck:||3 October 1782|
|Acquired:||April 1782 by capture|
|Fate:||Damaged in battle September 1782. Sunk October 1782.|
|Class and type:||Hector class ship of the line|
|Length:||53.3 m (175 ft)|
|Beam:||14 m (46 ft)|
|Draught:||7.1 m (23 ft)|
Hector was launched on 23 July 1755, and commissioned under Captain Vilarzel d'Hélie.
In 1757, the departed Toulon on 18 March, arriving in Louisbourg on 15 June. Returning to Brest on 23 November with 5000 sick aboard, she spread the typhus to the town; the ensuing epidemic caused 10 000 fatalities. She was then decommissioned and stayed in the reserve in Brest.
Between 1763 and 1777, she was decommissioned in Toulon. During the American War of Independence, she reactivated, sailing to the Delaware in July 1778. She arrived at Newport on 8 August 1778.
Hector then took part in the Battle of Grenada on 6 July 1779 and in the Siege of Savannah, before returning to Brest, arriving on 10 December 1779. She was decommissioned in Lorient on 21 December, before rearming and thaking part in the Battle of the Chesapeake on 5 September 1781.
The British took her to Jamaica, where she was repaired and recommissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Hector.
Sources and references
- Roche, p.238
- Épidémie de typhus à Brest en 1757, wiki-brest.net
- Roche, p.156
- Guérin, Les Marins illustres, p.433
- Guérin, Léon (1845). Les marins illustres de la France (in French). Belin-Leprieur et Morizot.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours. 1. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
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