French ship Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1795)

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For other ships with the same name, see French ship Jean-Jacques Rousseau and French ship Marengo.
Capture of Marengo by HMS London
Capture of Marengo (ex-Jean-Jacques Rousseau, left) by HMS London (right)
French Navy Ensign France
Name: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Builder: Toulon
Laid down: September 1794
Launched: 21 July 1795
Commissioned: October 1796
Renamed: Marengo, 2 December 1802
Captured: By HMS London, 13 March 1806
United Kingdom
Name: Marengo
Acquired: 13 March 1806
Fate: Broken up, 1816
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Téméraire-class ship of the line
  • 2,966 tonnes
  • 5,260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)
Beam: 14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)
Draught: 7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails
Armour: Timber

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

In October 1796, under Captain Racord, she was part of the Villeneuve's squadron that sailed from Toulon to Brest. On 2 December 1802, she was renamed to Marengo, reflecting the political change away from the Revolutionary Republic inspired by Jean-Jacques Rousseau towards the advent of General (soon to be Emperor) Bonaparte.

In 1803 she sailed to the Indian Ocean as Linois' flagship, notably taking part in the Battle of Pulo Aura and the Battle of Vizagapatam.

At the Action of 13 March 1806 Linois met with the division of Vice-Admiral Sir John Warren, with seven ships of the line (including the 90-gun London, the 74-gun Ramillies and Repulse, and the 80-gun Foudroyant), two frigates (including the 36-gun Amazon) and one corvette. After a fierce duel with London, Marengo struck her colours; Belle Poule battled against Amazon and later against Ramilles, and had to surrender as well.

Marengo was taken into British service as HMS Marengo. She was used as a prison hulk from 1809 until she was broken up in 1816.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". (in French). Retrieved 4 April 2013. 

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