French ship Jean Bart (1791)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Jean Bart.
the Achille
Scale model of the Achille, sister-ship of French ship Jean Bart (1791), on display at the Musée de la Marine in Paris.
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Jean Bart
Namesake: Jean Bart
Builder: Lorient
Laid down: 1 June 1788
Launched: 7 November 1790
Commissioned: March 1791
Fate: Wrecked near Île Madame on 26 February 1809
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Téméraire-class ship of the line
Displacement: 2,966 tonnes
5,260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)
Beam: 14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)
Draught: 7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails
Armament: 74 guns:
16 × 8-pounder long guns
4 × 36-pounder carronades
Armour: Timber

Jean Bart was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

Ship history[edit]

The ship was laid down at Lorient on 1 June 1788 from a design by Jacques-Noël Sané, and launched on 7 November 1790. Construction was delayed by lack of materials, and she was not completed until March 1791.[2]

In 1793, she was part of the squadron led by Van Stabel. Along with the Tigre, she rescued the Sémillante which was in danger of being captured by the British.[2]

She took part in the Atlantic campaign of May 1794, and in the capture of HMS Alexander on 6 November. She was also part of the Croisière du Grand Hiver winter campaign in 1794/95, serving in Van Stabel's division, and was present at the Battle of Genoa in March 1795, and in Cornwallis's Retreat and the subsequent Battle of Groix in June 1795.[2]

In 1800, she sailed to the Mediterranean and made her homeport at Toulon.[2]

In February 1809 she formed part of a French fleet which departed from Brest intending to aid the French colony of Martinique which was under threat from invasion. The fleet sailed for Basque Roads to rendezvous with the Rochefort squadron but upon entering the roadstead they were immediately blockaded by the British. On 26 February 1809 the Jean Bart grounded on a shoal near Île Madame while attempting to enter the anchorage south of Ile d'Aix and was subsequently declared a wreck.[3] In April, the British seized the wreck and burnt the remains.[4]


A full scale model is under construction in Gravelines, France.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". (in French). Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Les bâtiments ayant porté le nom de Jean Bart". (in French). Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  3. ^ James, William (1826). The Naval History of Great Britain, Volume 5, 1808–1811. p. 142. 
  4. ^ Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nous jours. p. 265. 
  5. ^ "Construction d’un vaisseau Le Jean Bart à Gravelines". 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 

External links[edit]