French ship Jupiter (1789)

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For other ships with the same name, see French ship Jupiter.
Scale model of Achille, sister ship of French ship Jupiter (1789), on display at the Musée de la Marine in Paris.
French Navy Ensign France
Name: Jupiter
Ordered: 19 August 1787
Builder: Brest
Laid down: June 1788
Launched: 4 November 1789
Commissioned: August 1790
Decommissioned: 1807
  • Montagnard in 1794
  • Démocrate on 18 May 1795
  • Jupiter on 30 May 1795
  • Batave on 27 April 1798
Fate: Broken up in Brest in 1807
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Téméraire-class ship of the line
  • 1,966 tonnes
  • 3,260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)
Beam: 14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)
Draught: 7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails
Armour: Timber

Jupiter was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

Between 1791 and 1793, she was based in Saint-Domingue. In March 1794, she was renamed Montagnard. On 29 May, during the May 1794 Atlantic campaign, she encountered a British squadron; in the ensuing battle, she sustained damage which prevented her from taking part in the subsequent battle of the Glorious First of June itself.

She was renamed Démocrate on 18 May 1795, and back to Jupiter on 30 May. On 7 August, she took part in the recapture from the British of Censeur.

She was renamed Batave on 27 April 1798. The next year, she took part in the Cruise of Bruix.

Condemned in 1807, she was broken up in Brest.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". (in French). Retrieved 4 April 2013.