French ship Couronne (1636)

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Couronne IMG 7007.JPG
Couronne. Frontispiece of Hydrographie by Georges Fournier, 1643.
French Navy EnsignKingdom of France
Laid down: 1629
Launched: 1632 or 1633
Commissioned: 1636
Decommissioned: 1645
In service: 1635
Out of service: 1645
Fate: scrapped
General characteristics
Tonnage: 1,500
Length: 165 French feet overall[1](excludes 10 metre-long bowsprit) 120 French feet keel
Beam: 44 French feet
Depth of hold: 16 feet
Decks: 2 gun decks
Complement: 500, + 9 officers; later 643 men
Armour: Timber

Couronne (French for "crown") was an emblematic ship of the French Navy built by order of Richelieu.

The Couronne was the first major warship to be designed and built by the French themselves in accordance with Richelieu's plans to renew the French Navy, after a series of warships had been built by the Dutch. The construction was supervised by Isaac de Launay Razilly (died in Arcadia 1635),[2] and overseen by the famous carpenter Charles Morieu, from Dieppe. She was being constructed at La Roche-Bernard and was one of the most advanced units of her time. After launch in 1632 or 1633, she was moved to Brouage in September 1634 where she was completed around 1635 by Mathieu Casteau. She carried up to heavy guns, most on her two-deck broadsaide but also 8 firing forwards from the bow and 8 firing aft, an unusual feature until Dupuy de Lôme redesigned naval artillery.

Couronne took part in the Battle of Guetaria on 22 August 1638, and another expedition to Spain in 1639 under Henri de Sourdis.

The ship was disarmed in 1641 and scrapped between 1643-1645.

See also[edit]


  • Nomenclature des Vaisseaux de Louis XIII et de la régence d'Anne d'Autriche, 1610 a 1661. Alain Demerliac (Editions Omega, Nice – 2004).
  • The Sun King's Vessels (2015) - Jean-Claude Lemineur; English translation by François Fougerat. Editions ANCRE. ISBN 978-2903179885
  • Winfield, Rif and Roberts, Stephen (2017) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1626-1786: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4738-9351-1.
  1. ^ The French (pre-metric) foot was 6.575% longer than the equivalent English foot.
  2. ^ Instruction sheet for "La Couronne", Heller Model Company

External links[edit]