French ship Northumberland (1780)
|Namesake:||HMS Northumberland, a previous ship captured from the Royal Navy and commissioned in the French navy|
|Laid down:||24 February 1779|
|Launched:||3 May 1780|
|Captured:||Glorious First of June, by Royal Navy|
|Career (Great Britain)|
|Fate:||Broken up, December 1795|
|Class and type:||Annibal class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1500 tonnes|
|Length:||54.7 m (179 ft)|
|Beam:||14.3 m (47 ft)|
|Draught:||7.2 m (24 ft)|
|Armament:||74 guns of various weights of shot|
She took part in the Battle of the Chesapeake (5 September 1781), a crucial naval engagement of the American Revolutionary War (Captain Bon-Chrétien, Marquis de Bricqueville), as well as the Battle of the Saintes seven months later, under Captain Saint Cézaire, who was killed in the action. In 1782, she captured the 14-gun sloop HMS Allegiance.
She was captured during the Glorious First of June in 1794, where she was captained by François-Pierre Étienne. She was recommissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Northumberland, and was broken up the next year in December 1795.