French ship Orion (1787)

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The 'Defence' at the Battle of the First of June, 1794.jpg
Tourville (left) raking HMS Defence (centre) at the Battle of Prairial, while Mucius Scævola (ex-Orion, right) duels with her on her port side. Painting by Nicholas Pocock
French Navy Ensign France
Name: Orion
Builder: Rochefort
Laid down: October 1784
Launched: 18 April 1787
Completed: 1788
Struck: 23 March 1804
Fate: Broken up in 1804
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Téméraire-class ship of the line
  • 2,966 tonnes
  • 5,260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)
Beam: 14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)
Draught: 7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails
Armour: Timber

Orion was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

She took part in fighting on the coast of Italy. In 1793, she was renamed Mucius Scævola, soon shortened to Mucius.

In 1794 she took part in the battle of the Glorious First of June (Combat du 13 prairial an II), helping the Impétueux battling HMS Marlborough, as well as in both the First Battle of Groix and the Battle of Groix in June 1795.

In December 1796 she took part in the Expédition d'Irlande, an attempt at landing an army in Ireland, before being condemned and broken up in Brest.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". (in French). Retrieved 14 April 2013.