French ship Royal Louis (1780)

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Republicain gorunded on Mingant rock-Pierre Ozanne.jpg
Républicain grounded on Mingant rock. Drawing by Pierre Ozanne.
French Navy Ensign French Navy EnsignFrance
Namesake: Louis of France
Builder: Brest
Laid down: March 1779
Launched: 20 March 1780
Commissioned: June 1780
Renamed: Républicain (1792)
Fate: wrecked, 24 December 1794
General characteristics
Class and type: 106-gun ship of the line
  • 106 guns (30-48, 32-24, 32-12, 12-8)
  • 4 more 8-pounders were added in 1784
Armour: timber

The Royal Louis was a 106-gun ship of the line of the French Royal Navy.

She was renamed Républicain in 1792. Under this name, she took part in the Third Battle of Ushant, being the last ship of the French rear. She was attacked, totally dismasted, and struck her colours; however, the British failed to capture her, and she returned to Rochefort.

On 24 December 1794, she took part in the Croisière du Grand Hiver. As the fleet exited Brest harbour, she ran aground with the loss of 10 men. Her crew abandoned ship, and the wreck was destroyed in a tempest a few days later.