French ship Solitaire (1774)
|Captured:||6 December 1782, by Royal Navy|
|Acquired:||6 December 1782|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Solitaire class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1521 tons (1545.4 tonnes)|
|Length:||51 metres |
|Beam:||13.2 metres |
|Draught:||6.4 metres |
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
Solitaire was a 64-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, launched in 1774, lead ship of her class. She was captured by the Royal Navy on 6th December 1782, and commissioned as the third rate HMS Solitaire. She was sold out of the navy in 1790.
After a dark night, Solitaire, Captain de Borda, found herself in the morning close to a squadron of eight British ships under the command of Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Hughes, which was on its way from Gibraltar. The English gave chase and Solitaire sailed to delay them and give the rest of the French squadron a chance to escape.
At 12:30 and engagement developed between Solitaire and HMS Ruby. As another British vessel approached Solitaire had to strike. Speedy was captured in the same action, after a vigorous defense. In the action, her captain, Ribiers, was killed, together with a large part of her crew.
Notes, citations, and references
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1. p182.
- Roche, vol.1, p.86
- Guérin (1857), Vol. 5, p.124.
- Troude (1865), Vol. 2, p.212.
- Guérin, Léon (1857). Histoire maritime de France (in French). 5. Dufour et Mulat.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. p. 48. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
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