French submarine Casabianca (S603)
Casabianca in Toulon in August 2004
|Laid down:||19 September 1981 |
|Launched:||22 December 1984|
|Commissioned:||13 May 1987|
|In service:||21 April 1987|
|Status:||ship in active service|
|Class and type:||Rubis-class submarine|
|Displacement:||2670 t (2385 t surfaced)|
|Length:||73.6 m (241 ft)|
|Beam:||7.6 m (25 ft)|
|Draught:||6.4 m (21 ft)|
|Speed:||over 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph)|
|Range:||8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi)|
|Test depth:||over 300 m (980 ft)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
Unlike her five sister ships, Casabianca is not named after a precious stone; she is named after the Redoutable-class submarine Casabianca of the Second World War. This Casabianca escaped Toulon during the scuttling of the fleet there on 27 November 1942, afterwards joining the Allies. The submarine served with distinction in the Mediterranean under Capitaine de frégate Jean L'Herminier, particularly in the liberation of Corsica.
The boat is the third of the Rubis class. Between 1993 and June 1994, the boat undertook a major refitting which upgraded the boat to the level of Améthyste, arming the latter for anti-submarine as well as anti-surface ship warfare. The boat's underwater endurance is 60 days, dictated by food supplies. The boat is designed to operate at seas 220 days per year, and is thus staffed by two crews that relay each other from one patrol or exercise to the next.
Among Casabianca's operational highlights are revolved around being the first French submarine to visit the naval base at Severomorsk, home of the Russian Northern Fleet, in 2003; and patrols in the Mediterranean and in the Indian Ocean as part of the fleet surrounding the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, such as in 2007.
Notes and references
- "Le SNA Casabianca (S 603)". Marine Nationale. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "SSN Rubis Amethyste Class Attack Submarine, France". Naval-technology.com. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2010). "Sous-marin nucléaire d'attaque Casabianca". netmarine.net. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Media related to Casabianca (S 603) at Wikimedia Commons
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