Frente Popular (Goa)

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The Frente Popular Party (also named Janta Agadhi[1]) is a former political party of Goa, India. It participated in the 1963 Goa general elections without any success.[2]


Frente Popular was founded by communists.[3] Its stated ideals were secularism, democracy and socialism. It attacked the prohibition policy promoted by the Congress and criticized the administration of Goa for nepotism and corruption.

Frente Popular was responsible for organizing mass rallies which were addressed by prominent national communist leaders such as S. A. Dange. It was headed by Bertha Menezes Braganza, a journalist from Bombay.[2]

Views on Goa's statehood[edit]

Main article: Goa Opinion Poll

There were persistent demands to merge the Union Territory of Goa into the newly created linguistic state of Maharashtra. The communists in India were staunch supporters of the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, which demanded an enlarged linguistic state of Maharashtra, which included Goa. However, the Frente Popular campaigned against a merger and supported full statehood for Goa.[4]

1963 elections[edit]

There were eight political parties in Goa at the time of the first general elections in 1963; however, only four got recognition from the Election Commission of India, including the Frente Popular. The symbol allocated to the Frente Popular was the elephant.[5]

Frente Popular put forth only eight candidates from the 30 available constituencies. It contested mainly in areas with high concentrations of labourers, fielding candidates from the trade unions. Bertha Menezes Braganza ran in Cortalim.[2] The party did not win any seats, polling just 4,548 votes (1.82% of polled votes).[6] The Roman Catholic Church's campaign for the United Goans Party has been cited as a major factor contributing to the party's poor showing.[7]


  1. ^ Grover, Verinder; Ranjana Arora (1996). Encyclopaedia of India and her states: Union territories, Andaman & Nicobar ... 
  2. ^ a b c Sakshena, R.N. Sakshena (1974). Goa: Into the Mainstream1. 
  3. ^ Asian survey, Volume 4. University of California, Berkeley. Institute of International Studies. 1964. 
  4. ^ Socialist affairs, Volume 14. Socialist International. 1964. 
  5. ^ . Government of Maharashtra (India). The Maharashtra Government Gazette. p. 1963.  Check date values in: |date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Esteves, Sarto (1966). Goa and its future. 
  7. ^ Seminar, Issues 65-76. 1965.