Fresno, Texas

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Fresno, Texas
Census-designated place
Location of Fresno, Texas
Location of Fresno, Texas
Coordinates: 29°31′36″N 95°27′35″W / 29.52667°N 95.45972°W / 29.52667; -95.45972Coordinates: 29°31′36″N 95°27′35″W / 29.52667°N 95.45972°W / 29.52667; -95.45972
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyFort Bend
Area
 • Total9.3 sq mi (24.1 km2)
 • Land9.2 sq mi (23.8 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation72 ft (22 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total19,069
 • Density2,077/sq mi (802.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code77545
Area code(s)281
FIPS code48-27540[1]
GNIS feature ID1336203[2]

Fresno is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The population was 19,069 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 6,603 at the 2000 census.

Fresno is located in the extra-territorial jurisdiction (ETJ) of Houston, which is the fourth largest city in the nation in population. Fresno is bordered by Houston to the north, the suburban Fort Bend County cities of Missouri City to the west and northwest, Arcola to the south and southwest, and the Brazoria County city of Pearland to the east.

Geography[edit]

Map of Fresno CDP

Fresno is located in eastern Fort Bend County at 29°31′36″N 95°27′35″W / 29.52667°N 95.45972°W / 29.52667; -95.45972 (29.526728, -95.459849).[4] The eastern edge of Fresno is the Brazoria County line. Downtown Houston is 17 miles (27 km) to the north, the center of Missouri City is 11 miles (18 km) to the northwest, the center of Pearland is 11 miles (18 km) to the east, and Manvel is 9 miles (14 km) to the southeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Fresno CDP has a total area of 9.3 square miles (24.1 km2), of which 9.2 square miles (23.8 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.35%, is water.[3]

History[edit]

A settler from Fresno, California, reportedly chose the name. The town is on land patented in 1880 once surrounded by cotton plantations. Fresno acquired a post office in 1910. In 1914 it had a telephone connection, a general store, a hardware store, and a population of 32. By 1933 the town had only ten inhabitants and one business. In 1936 it had three rows of dwellings on both sides of a paved highway (old Hwy 288, present day FM 521) and was served by the International-Great Northern Railroad. By 1946 the population had risen to 100, a level maintained throughout the 1960s. In 1970 the figure had increased to 120; two years later it had grown to 161. During the 1970s and 1980s the population of Fresno increased more rapidly as the area was affected by growth of Houston.[5]

Growth in the 1990s and 2000s[edit]

With its prime location on FM 521 and north of State Highway 6 in unincorporated Fort Bend County, developers have recently built large bedroom communities over what was once forest and grazing land, and a number of first-time homeowners have made the Fresno area home.

The demographics in the Fresno area have changed dramatically since the last United States Census in 2000 due to a large increase in home building.

The area is heavily Democratic in nature, and due to population increases in the area, Fresno was switched from Fort Bend County Precinct Two jurisdiction in 2003 and is now located within Fort Bend County Precinct One, which is located primarily on the western side of Fort Bend County, some 25 to 30 miles (40 to 48 km) away from Fresno, which is located in far eastern Fort Bend County.

Among the largest communities in Fresno are the six neighborhoods that make up the Fort Bend MUD #23 area. Teal Run, the oldest of the neighborhoods, was originally started in the 1980s, and development stopped with the Houston oil crash in the late 1980s. Construction in the subdivision started again in 1992.

The Estates of Teal Run, located at the intersection of Raab and Sycamore Road, was started in 1999.

Teal Run North (Villages of Teal Run and Teal Run Meadows), located just off Teal Bend Boulevard, directly adjacent to both Teal Run and Teal Run Estates, was started in 2001. There are over 3,100 total homes in the Fort Bend MUD #23 area in 2006.

NewPoint Estates, located across from Teal Run on Highway 6 and Darby Road, is an area for acreage-type home sites, stables and expensive properties. A number of Houston area professional athletes make this neighborhood home.

Winfield Lakes, which is located on Trammel Fresno Road, was started in 2004.

Andover Farms, which is located on Highway 6 and South Post Oak Road, was started in 2004.

Cambridge Falls, a David Weekley homes site located next to Winfield Lakes, started with infrastructure additions (lights, gas, water, sewer lines, streets) in 2005 and has built many spec homes, which are now available for purchase.

The newly built Fort Bend Tollway has given eastern Fort Bend County residents another option of travel into the city of Houston, as the Tollway is 6.2 miles (10.0 km) long from Highway 6 to U.S. Highway 90 in southwest Houston, and eventually will travel all the way to Loop 610. The average commute time for those living in eastern Fort Bend County using the full route from Highway 6 to Loop 610 (when it opens) should average 20 minutes. A typical trip down FM 521, which turns into Almeda in Houston, or State Highway 288 north into the Texas Medical Center, takes at least 30–45 minutes in rush hour traffic.

A Houston Chronicle article from February 25, 2007, titled "Straddling urban, rural in Fresno" highlights the unregulated nature of Fresno.[6]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 19,069 people living in the area.[7] The racial composition of Fresno, Texas was:[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 6,603 people, 1,881 households, and 1,600 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 734.8 people per square mile (283.6/km²). There were 2,002 housing units at an average density of 222.8/sq mi (86.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 44.36% White, 26.55% African American, 0.41% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 25.23% from other races, and 2.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.89% of the population.

There were 1,881 households out of which 54.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 12.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.51 and the average family size was 3.83.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 36.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,290, and the median income for a family was $48,824. Males had a median income of $32,606 versus $30,527 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,340. About 10.9% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.

The Fresno area is patrolled by the Fort Bend County Sheriff's Office. The Teal Bend subdivision is also patrolled by contract deputies of the Precinct 1 Constable's Office. The Fresno Volunteer Fire Department provides fire protection. Fort Bend EMS provides emergency medical services to the area.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Fresno Post Office at 2723 Farm to Market Road 521.[9] The Postal Service recently broke ground for a new 7,200 sq ft (670 m2) post office to be located in the front entrance of the Teal Run neighborhood. this new facility will replace the aging and out of date post office currently located on FM 521, and will be adjacent to the Teal Run Exxon and Jack in the Box restaurant. This new facility was opened October 2009.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

School age children in Fresno attend schools in the Fort Bend Independent School District.[10] The community is within the East Division, controlling school board slots 5 through 7.[11] As of 2008 the board members in the slots are Laurie Caldwell, Steve Smelley, and David Reitz, respectively.[12]

Two elementary schools, Lula Belle Goodman Elementary School and Burton Elementary School are located in Fresno's Teal Run neighborhood. A third elementary school, Rosa Parks Elementary School, is in Fresno. A small portion is zoned to Heritage Road Elementary School, outside of Fresno.[13] Some middle school students (grades 6-8) attend Lake Olympia Middle School and Hightower High School in Missouri City, while other Fresno students attend Billy Baines Middle School and Ridge Point High School in the nearby community of Sienna Plantation.[14][15]

Prior to the opening of Hightower, Elkins High School served Fresno.[16]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Fort Bend County operates the Mustang Community Center in Fresno. The 5-acre (20,000 m2) community center includes one baseball field, benches, one meeting room, two pavilions, one play area, tables, and one walking trail.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fresno CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ Fresno, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
  6. ^ Feldman, Claudia; Hanson, Eric (2007-02-25). "Fire highlights need in unincorporated Fresno". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
  7. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL1.CY10&prodType=table
  8. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48/4827540.html
  9. ^ "Post Office Location - FRESNO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  10. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Fresno CDP, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 4, 2017. Page 1, Page 2
  11. ^ "2007–2008 Operating Procedures Archived December 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  12. ^ "Contacting Your School Board Members Archived December 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  13. ^ "Elementary School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  14. ^ "Middle School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  15. ^ "High School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  16. ^ "Elkins High School." Fort Bend Independent School District. January 16, 1997. Retrieved on October 31, 2017.
  17. ^ "Community Centers." Fort Bend County. Retrieved on October 11, 2009.

External links[edit]