Fresno, Texas

Coordinates: 29°31′36″N 95°27′35″W / 29.52667°N 95.45972°W / 29.52667; -95.45972
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Fresno, Texas
US Post Office, Fresno, Texas
US Post Office, Fresno, Texas
Location of Fresno, Texas
Location of Fresno, Texas
Coordinates: 29°31′36″N 95°27′35″W / 29.52667°N 95.45972°W / 29.52667; -95.45972
CountryUnited States
CountyFort Bend
Named forFresno, CA
 • Total9.3 sq mi (24.1 km2)
 • Land9.2 sq mi (23.8 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
72 ft (22 m)
 • Total24,486
 • Density2,630/sq mi (1,016/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code281
FIPS code48-27540[1]
GNIS feature ID1336203[2]

Fresno is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The local population was 24,486 as of the 2020 census,[3] an increase over the figure of 19,069 tabulated in 2010 census,[4] and 6,603 at the 2000 census.

Fresno is located in the extra-territorial jurisdiction (ETJ) of Houston,[5][6] which is the fourth largest city in the nation in population.

Fresno is bordered by Houston to the north, the suburban Fort Bend County cities of Missouri City to the west and northwest, Arcola to the south and southwest, and the Brazoria County city of Pearland to the east.


Map of Fresno CDP

Fresno is located in eastern Fort Bend County at 29°31′36″N 95°27′35″W / 29.52667°N 95.45972°W / 29.52667; -95.45972 (29.526728, -95.459849).[7] The eastern edge of Fresno is the Brazoria County line. Downtown Houston is 17 miles (27 km) to the north, the center of Missouri City is 11 miles (18 km) to the northwest, the center of Pearland is 11 miles (18 km) to the east, and Manvel is 9 miles (14 km) to the southeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Fresno CDP has a total area of 9.3 square miles (24.1 km2), of which 9.2 square miles (23.8 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.35%, is water.[4]


A settler from Fresno, California, reportedly chose the name. The town is on land patented in 1880 once surrounded by cotton plantations. Fresno acquired a post office in 1910. In 1914 it had a telephone connection, a general store, a hardware store, and a population of 32. By 1933 the town had only ten inhabitants and one business. In 1936 it had three rows of dwellings on both sides of a paved highway (old Hwy 288, present day FM 521) and was served by the International-Great Northern Railroad. By 1946 the population had risen to 100, a level maintained throughout the 1960s. In 1970 the figure had increased to 120; two years later it had grown to 161. During the 1970s and 1980s the population of Fresno increased more rapidly as the area was affected by growth of Houston.[8]

Growth in the 1990s and 2000s[edit]

With its prime location on FM 521 and north of State Highway 6 in unincorporated Fort Bend County, developers have recently built large bedroom communities over what was once forest and grazing land, and a number of first-time homeowners have made the Fresno area home.

The demographics in the Fresno area have changed dramatically since the last United States Census in 2000 due to a large increase in home building.

The area is heavily Democratic in nature, and due to population increases in the area, Fresno was switched from Fort Bend County Precinct Two jurisdiction in 2003 and is now located within Fort Bend County Precinct One, which is located primarily on the western side of Fort Bend County, some 25 to 30 miles (40 to 48 km) away from Fresno, which is located in far eastern Fort Bend County.

Among the largest communities in Fresno are the six neighborhoods that make up the Fort Bend MUD #23 area. Teal Run, the oldest of the neighborhoods, was originally started in the 1980s, and development stopped with the Houston oil crash in the late 1980s. Construction in the subdivision started again in 1992.

The Estates of Teal Run, located at the intersection of Raab and Sycamore Road, was started in 1999.

Teal Run North (Villages of Teal Run and Teal Run Meadows), located just off Teal Bend Boulevard, directly adjacent to both Teal Run and Teal Run Estates, was started in 2001. There are over 3,100 total homes in the Fort Bend MUD #23 area in 2006.

NewPoint Estates, located across from Teal Run on Highway 6 and Darby Road, is an area for acreage-type home sites, stables and expensive properties. A number of Houston area professional athletes make this neighborhood home.

Winfield Lakes, which is located on Trammel Fresno Road, was started in 2004.

Andover Farms, which is located on Highway 6 and South Post Oak Road, was started in 2004.

Cambridge Falls, a David Weekley homes site located next to Winfield Lakes, started with infrastructure additions (lights, gas, water, sewer lines, streets) in 2005 and has built many spec homes, which are now available for purchase.

The newly built Fort Bend Tollway has given eastern Fort Bend County residents another option of travel into the city of Houston, as the Tollway is 6.2 miles (10.0 km) long from Highway 6 to U.S. Highway 90 in southwest Houston, and eventually will travel all the way to Loop 610. The average commute time for those living in eastern Fort Bend County using the full route from Highway 6 to Loop 610 (when it opens) should average 20 minutes. A typical trip down FM 521, which turns into Almeda in Houston, or State Highway 288 north into the Texas Medical Center, takes at least 30–45 minutes in rush hour traffic.

A Houston Chronicle article from February 25, 2007, titled "Straddling urban, rural in Fresno" highlights the unregulated nature of Fresno.[9]


Fresno racial composition as of 2020[10]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 898 3.67%
Black or African American (NH) 13,690 55.91%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 30 0.12%
Asian (NH) 289 1.18%
Pacific Islander (NH) 11 0.04%
Some Other Race (NH) 87 0.36%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 524 2.14%
Hispanic or Latino 8,957 36.58%
Total 24,486

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 24,486 people, 7,247 households, and 5,789 families residing in the CDP.

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 6,603 people, 1,881 households, and 1,600 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 734.8 inhabitants per square mile (283.7/km2). There were 2,002 housing units at an average density of 222.8 per square mile (86.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 44.36% White, 26.55% African American, 0.41% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 25.23% from other races, and 2.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.89% of the population.

There were 1,881 households, out of which 54.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 12.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.51 and the average family size was 3.83.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 36.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,290, and the median income for a family was $48,824. Males had a median income of $32,606 versus $30,527 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,340. About 10.9% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.

The Fresno area is patrolled by the Fort Bend County Sheriff's Office. The Teal Bend subdivision is also patrolled by contract deputies of the Precinct 1 Constable's Office. The Fresno Volunteer Fire Department provides fire protection. Fort Bend EMS provides emergency medical services to the area.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Fresno Post Office at 2723 Farm to Market Road 521.[13]

Fort Bend County does not have a hospital district. OakBend Medical Center serves as the county's charity hospital which the county contracts with.[14]


School age children in Fresno attend schools in the Fort Bend Independent School District.[15]

The community is within the East Division, controlling school board slots 5 through 7.[16] As of 2008 the board members in the slots are Laurie Caldwell, Steve Smelley, and David Reitz, respectively.[17]

School zones are as follows:[5] Two elementary schools, Lula Belle Goodman Elementary School and Burton Elementary School are located in Fresno's Teal Run neighborhood. A third elementary school, Rosa Parks Elementary School, is in Fresno. A small portion is zoned to Heritage Road Elementary School, outside of Fresno.[18] Some middle school students (grades 6–8) attend Lake Olympia Middle School in Missouri City, while other Fresno students attend Billy Baines Middle School.[19] Most of Fresno is zoned to Hightower High School in Missouri City,[20] while some of it is zoned to Willowridge High School in Houston.[21]

Prior to the opening of Hightower, Elkins High School served Fresno.[22] For a period, the majority of Fresno was in the Hightower zone.[23] Prior to 2023, portions of Fresno were zoned to Ridge Point High School in Sienna (formerly Sienna Plantation).[24][21]

The Texas Legislature specifies that the Houston Community College (HCC) boundary includes "the part of the Fort Bend Independent School District that is not located in the service area of the Wharton County Junior College District and that is adjacent to the Houston Community College System District."[25] Wharton College's boundary within FBISD is defined only as the City of Sugar Land and the ETJ of Sugar Land,[26] and Fresno is not in the Sugar Land ETJ.[6] Fresno is in HCC.[27]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Fort Bend County operates the Mustang Community Center in Fresno. The 5-acre (20,000 m2) community center includes one baseball field, benches, one meeting room, two pavilions, one play area, tables, and one walking trail.[28]


  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "Decennial Census: 2020 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fresno CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fresno CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 1, 2016.[dead link]
  5. ^ a b "2020 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Fresno CDP, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2023. - Compare with school boundary maps. 2010 map: "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Fresno CDP, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 4, 2017. Page 1, Page 2 - Compare with CDP maps and school district zone maps.
  6. ^ a b "Fort Bend County Cities & ETJs" (PDF). Fort Bend County. Retrieved March 10, 2024. - Compare with the CDP map.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ Fresno, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
  9. ^ Feldman, Claudia; Hanson, Eric (February 25, 2007). "Fire highlights need in unincorporated Fresno". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  11. ^ [not specific enough to verify]
  12. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - FRESNO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  14. ^ Knipp, Bethany (November 2, 2016). "Fort Bend County lacks hospital district". Community Impact Newspaper. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  15. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Fort Bend County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 10, 2024.
  16. ^ "2007–2008 Operating Procedures Archived December 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  17. ^ "Contacting Your School Board Members Archived December 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  18. ^ "Elementary School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  19. ^ "Middle School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  20. ^ "2023-24 Boundaries Southeast Corridor" (PDF). Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved November 29, 2023. - Compare to CDP and municipal maps.
  21. ^ a b "2022-2023" (PDF). Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved December 3, 2023. - The 2023 SE HS map can be cross-checked with this map so one understands what the boundary is of the school above Hightower.
  22. ^ "Elkins High School." Fort Bend Independent School District. January 16, 1997. Retrieved on October 31, 2017.
  23. ^ "Hightower High School Zone" (PDF). Fort Bend Independent School District. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 11, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2023.
  24. ^ "High School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  25. ^ "Sec. 130.182. HOUSTON COMMUNITY COLLEGE SYSTEM DISTRICT SERVICE AREA". Retrieved March 10, 2024.
  27. ^ "HCC Single Member Districts 2023" (PDF). Houston Community College. Retrieved March 10, 2024. - See profile page - Compare with the map of Fresno.
  28. ^ "Community Centers Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine." Fort Bend County. Retrieved on October 11, 2009.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[11][12]

External links[edit]