Friday Morning Club
Friday Morning Club
Friday Morning Club, in 1980.
|Location||938-940 South Figueroa Street, Los Angeles, California|
|Architect||Allison & Allison|
|Architectural style||Italian Renaissance Revival, Other|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||May 17, 1984|
The Friday Morning Club building is located in Downtown Los Angeles at 940 South Figueroa Street, in Los Angeles, California.  It was the second home of the women's club also named the Friday Morning Club (FMC), for 61 years.
The club was founded by abolitionist, suffragist, mother, and Los Angeles homemaker Caroline Severance in 1891, with 87 other women in the reading room of the Hollenbeck Hotel, then located at Second and Broadway.  The Friday Morning Club became the largest single women's club in California, with membership of over 1,800 women by the 1920s.
Women's clubs were a mainstay of middle-class women's social and intellectual life across America from the end of the Civil War until the middle of the 20th century, when their numbers declined as opportunities increased for women's equal participation in mainstream business, educational, and social institutions.
Caroline Severance had founded one of the first such clubs in the nation, the New England Women's Club of Boston, in 1868, and her known political associations gave the FMC a (deserved) reputation as a politically active powerhouse for community improvement in Los Angeles. In order to meet their goals of self-improvement; study of the arts, literature and culture; and the political and social advancement of women; the women's clubs built or renovated a building to serve as their club house as soon as they could raise the money. To protect the club and its assets in an era of less-than-solid property rights for married women, clubs routinely formed a stock corporation to raise and invest money for a clubhouse campaign, and usually recruited unmarried member to serve as secretary or treasurer of the club's finances. 
The FMC's first clubhouse was at the same location, and was a Mission Revival style 2-story building that cost $25,000 to build in 1900.
When WWI swelled their numbers far beyond the capacity of that building, they dismantled it, sold it with its furnishings to the Catholic Woman's Club, and built the current 6-story Italian Renaissance Revival style structure in 1923 on its site. Its two auditoriums and seating for almost 2,000 made it suitable to the Friday Morning Club's popular arts and theater programs in the 1920s and 1930s.
The Figueroa Hotel was built directly across the street from the Friday Morning Club in 1925. It was also financed and run by women, to meet the needs of business, professional, and traveling women in Los Angeles. The two are a microcosm of the increasingly important and complex roles women were playing in American society in the 1920's. 
- Society for the Preservation of Variety Arts
The club sold the building's title in 1977 to the current owners, the Society for the Preservation of Variety Arts, who use the Variety Arts Theater auditorium for live plays, cabarets, meals and revivals of early stage and radio dramas, and for filming and special events rentals.  The Society also displays many unique and extensive collections in the field of theater arts in the building. The SPVA Library is open as a research facility to serious students of the theater arts. 
The Friday Morning Club's members continued to meet and serve the community, from the leased back 5th floor and later rented quarters on Wilshire Boulevard, until the 1990s. Today, the Ebell of Los Angeles is the largest functioning woman's club in the city, with around 400 members and a large 1927 clubhouse in the Hancock Park district.
The Friday Morning Club building is a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, meeting the criteria for both social history and architectural significance.
- List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Downtown Los Angeles
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles, California
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- HABS: Friday Morning Club
- Scott, Anne Firor. Natural allies: women's associations in American history. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
- Christman, Anastasia J. The best laid plans: women's clubs and city planning in Los Angeles, 1890-1930. Los Angeles: UMI, 2000.
- Blair, Karen J. The Torchbearers: Women and their amateur arts associations in America, 1890-1930. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994
- Theodora Penny Martin, "The Sound of Our Own Voices: Women's Study Clubs 1860-1910", Beacon Press, 1987, page 132.
- Lewis, Roselle M. (November 17, 1985). "Venerable Friday Morning Club Pulls Up Stakes". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Los Angeles Times: History of the Friday Morning Club
- HABS—Historic American Buildings Survey of the Friday Morning Club, 938-940 South Figueroa Street, Los Angeles, California — 1980 photos by Julius Schulman, and club/building histories.
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