Friday the 13th Part 2

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Friday the 13th Part 2
Friday the 13th part2.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by
Produced by Steve Miner
Written by
  • Ron Kurz
  • Phil Scuderi
Based on Characters
by Victor Miller
Starring
Music by Harry Manfredini
Cinematography Peter Stein
Edited by Susan E. Cunningham
Production
company
Georgetown Productions
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date
  • April 30, 1981 (1981-04-30)
Running time
87 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1.25 million[1]
Box office $21.7 million[1]

Friday the 13th Part 2[a] is a 1981 American slasher film produced and directed by Steve Miner in his directorial debut, and the second installment in the Friday the 13th film series. It is a direct sequel to Friday the 13th, picking up five years after that film's conclusion, where a new murderer stalks and begins murdering the camp counselors at a nearby training camp in Crystal Lake. The film marks the first appearance of Jason Voorhees as the killer; his mother was the killer in the previous film. It also features the brief return of Alice Hardy, who is currently the only Friday the 13th heroine to return in a sequel.

Originally, Friday the 13th Part 2 was not intended to be a direct sequel but rather part of an anthology series of films based on the Friday the 13th superstition; however, after the popularity of the original film's surprise ending where Jason Voorhees attacks the heroine, the filmmakers opted to revive Jason and the mythology surrounding Camp Crystal Lake, a trend which would be repeated in the following films.

Like the original film, Friday the 13th Part 2 faced opposition from the Motion Picture Association of America, who noted its "accumulative violence" as problematic, resulting in numerous cuts being made to allow an R rating. The film was released theatrically in North America on April 30, 1981.[2] Although it did not gross as much as the original and still received negative reviews, the sequel grossed over $21.7 million in the United States on a budget of $1.25 million.

Plot[edit]

Two months after the Camp Crystal Lake massacre, sole survivor Alice Hardy is recovering from her traumatic experience. In her apartment, she wakes up to take a shower. As Alice opens the refrigerator to get her cat some food, she finds the decapitated head of Pamela Voorhees in her refrigerator and is murdered by an unseen adult Jason Voorhees with an ice pick to her temple.

Five years later, camp counselor Paul Holt hosts a counselor training camp near Camp Crystal Lake. The camp is attended by Sandra, her boyfriend Jeff, troublemaker Scott, tomboy Terry, wheelchair-bound Mark, sweet-natured Vickie, jokester Ted, and Paul's assistant Ginny Field, as well as many other trainees. Around the campfire that night, Paul tells the counselors about the legend of Jason, of how he survived his drowning, grew up living in the woods, and is now seeking to kill any intruders to avenge his mother's death. As Ted appears with a mask and a spear, Paul reassures everyone that Jason is dead and that Camp Crystal Lake is off limits. That night, Crazy Ralph wanders onto the property to warn the group but is garroted from behind a tree by Jason. The following day, Jeff and Sandra sneak off to Camp Crystal Lake upon finding a carcass, before getting caught by Deputy Winslow and returned to the camp. Later, Winslow spots Jason (revealed to be wearing a sack over his head) and chases him into the woods before he is killed with a hammer claw.

Back at camp, Paul offers the others one last night on the town before the training begins; only Ginny and Ted accept his offer. Jeff and Sandra are forced to stay behind as punishment for sneaking off. At the bar, Ginny muses that if Jason were still alive and witnessed his mother's death, it may have left him with no distinction between life and death, right or wrong. Paul dismisses the idea, proclaiming that Jason is nothing but an urban legend. Meanwhile, Jason appears at the camp and kills the counselors one by one. Scott has his throat slit with a machete while caught in a rope trap, and Terry is killed off-screen upon finding his dead body. Mark gets the machete slammed into his face and falls down a flight of stairs. Jason then moves upstairs and impales Jeff and Sandra with a spear as they have sex, and stabs Vickie with a kitchen knife.

Later, Ginny and Paul return to find the place in disarray. In the dark, Jason ambushes Paul and then chases Ginny throughout the camp and into the woods, where she comes across his shack. After barricading herself inside, she finds an altar with Pamela Voorhees' head on it, surrounded by a pile of Jason's victims (the sheriff, Terry, and a decomposing Alice) with the machete that killed his mother placed on the altar. Ginny puts on Pamela's sweater and tries to psychologically convince Jason that she is his mother. The ruse fails when he spots his mother's head on the altar and attacks Ginny. Paul appears and attacks Jason, but he is quickly overwhelmed. Just as Jason is about to kill Paul with a pickaxe, Ginny picks up the machete and slams it down into his shoulder, seemingly killing him.

Paul and Ginny return to the cabin. They think that Jason has followed them, but when they open the door, they are greeted by Terry's dog, Muffin. Suddenly, an unmasked Jason bursts through the window from behind and grabs Ginny. She then awakens to her being loaded into an ambulance and calls out for Paul, who is nowhere to be seen and his fate left ambiguous. Back in the shack, Pamela Voorhees' head remains on the altar as Jason is nowhere to be seen.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Following the success of Friday the 13th in 1980, Paramount Pictures began plans to make a sequel. First acquiring the worldwide distribution rights, Frank Mancuso, Sr. stated, "We wanted it to be an event, where teenagers would flock to the theaters on that Friday night to see the latest episode." The initial ideas for a sequel involved the "Friday the 13th" title being used for a series of films, released once a year, that would not have direct continuity with one another but be a separate "scary movie" of their own right. Phil Scuderi—one of three owners of Esquire Theaters, along with Steve Minasian and Bob Barsamian, who produced the original film—insisted that the sequel have Jason Voorhees, Pamela's son, even though his appearance in the original film was only meant to be a joke. Steve Miner, associate producer on the first film, believed in the idea and would go on to direct the first two sequels, after Cunningham opted not to return to the director's chair. Miner would use many of the same crew members from the first film while working on the sequels.[3] Cunningham had mixed feelings about the entire "Friday the 13th" enterprise that he outlined for film critic and author Stephen Hunter in an interview for a book Hunter wrote on violent films. Hunter stated that Cunningham "wasn't particularly proud" of his work on these films, and Cunningham bluntly said that the only thing that seemed to reach a teenaged audience at that time period involved high levels of gore and graphic violence.

Casting[edit]

Adrienne King was pursued by an obsessed fan after the success of the original Friday the 13th and purportedly wished her role to be small as possible,[4] though in the documentary Crystal Lake Memories: The Complete History of Friday the 13th, it was stated that King's agent had asked for a higher salary, which the studio could not afford.[5]

The film's heroine, Ginny, is played by Amy Steel, who won the part through an audition. "At the time of [making the film], it was before the genre really picked up so I didn’t give it a lot of credit or take it seriously. For me, it was just another audition because I had no idea what it would end up meaning after all this time. When I played Ginny, I was really young and different from a lot of the people working at the time so that came out in my character. I was naturally suspicious of cocky guys at that age, and you see a lot of that when I’m on screen with Paul (John Furey). I tried to put so much behind the actual words in the script just so she felt almost unreachable, to Paul and to audiences. I wanted her to have some power."[6]

Actor Warrington Gillette played Jason unmasked at the end of the film. Stuntman Steve Daskawisz (also known as Steve Dash) was credited as Jason Stunt Double but played the masked Jason throughout the rest of the film.[7]

Filming[edit]

The small village of New Preston, Connecticut was one of the filming locations.

Principal photography took place from October 3 and finished in November 1980, and primarily occurred in New Preston and Kent, Connecticut.[8] Special effects artist Tom Savini was asked to work on the film but declined because he was already working on another project, Midnight (1982),[5] in addition he didn't receive well to the concept of Jason as the killer in the film. Savini was then replaced by Stan Winston.[5] Winston, however, had a scheduling conflict and had to drop out of the project. The make-up effects were ultimately handled by Carl Fullerton. Fullerton designed the "look" for the adult Jason Voorhees and went with long red hair and a beard while following the facial deformities established in the original film in the make-up designed by Tom Savini for Jason as a child. Fullerton's look for the adult Jason was abandoned in the sequel, Friday the 13th Part 3, despite the fact that the film took place the following day and was helmed by the same director, Steve Miner. Some fans have theorized that the sequence where we see Jason with a beard and long hair reflects a "dream" rather than a reality because the following sequel picks up with the events showing his face having not happened, and therefore what was represented was Ginny's guess at what he looked like under the burlap sack rather than what he actually looked like, which would excuse the lack of continuity.[9]

Steve Daskawisz was rushed to the emergency room during filming after Amy Steel cut his hand with a machete during filming.[5] Steel explained, "The timing was wrong, and he didn't turn his pickaxe properly, and the machete hit his finger." Daskawisz received thirteen stitches on his middle finger. During the subsequent shoot, Daskawisz was forced to wear a piece of rubber over his finger, and both he and Steel insisted on reshooting this scene.[10] When shooting the beginning sequence of Alice being killed by Jason in her own apartment, the ice pick prop itself didn't retract and King's on-screen reaction was real considering it was injuring her head.[5]

In one scene where Daskawisz was wearing the burlap flour sack, part of the flour sack was flapping at his eye, so the crew used tape inside the eye area to prevent it from flapping. Daskawisz received rug burns around his eye from the tape from wearing the rough flour sack material for hours.[11] The use of the sack hood was similar to the 1976 film The Town That Dreaded Sundown.[12]

The scene where Steel's character gets grabbed from behind by an unmasked Jason in the climax took approximately three takes to shoot it right. Because of this, Steel herself would become more tense and frightened when the camera rolls and Gillette grabs her.[5]

Rumors sparked that John Furey left before the film wrapped, as his character does not appear in the end. In truth, his character was not intended to have appeared.[13]

Post-production[edit]

Like its predecessor, Friday the 13th Part 2 had difficulty receiving an R rating from the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).[14] Upon reviewing the film, the Classification and Rating Administration (CARA) warned Paul Hagger, an executive at Paramount, that the "accumulation of violence throughout the film" may still lead to an X rating even if substantial cuts were made.[15]

A total of forty-eight seconds had to be cut from the film in order to avoid an X rating.[5] This film received a deluxe DVD release in February 2009, but the edited footage was not included. Most noted by censors was the murder scene of Jeff and Sandra, who are impaled by a spear while having sex in a bed (a scene many have compared to a scene in Mario Bava's A Bay of Blood), which the censors found particularly graphic.[5][14] When actress Marta Kober, who played Sandra, originally did a scene with full frontal nudity, Paramount discovered she was underage and the scene was completely deleted[5]

Originally, the film was supposed to end with Mrs. Voorhees' head opening her eyes and smiling towards the camera. However, Miner removed the scene out of the final film as he never seriously considered it for the film’s actual ending. To this day, the footage of this alternate ending has yet to be released.[5]

Release[edit]

Theatrical run[edit]

The film was released theatrically on April 30, 1981, bringing in $6,429,784 its opening weekend. It played on 1,350 screens and would ultimately gross $21,722,776. It was the 35th highest-grossing film of 1981, facing strong competition early in the year from such high-profile horror releases as Omen III: The Final Conflict, The Evil Dead, The Howling, My Bloody Valentine, and others.[16]

Critical response[edit]

Much like its predecessor, critical reception to the film was initially negative. It has a 34% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes among 32 reviews.[17] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that Friday the 13th Part 2 is "a cross between the Mad Slasher and Dead teenager genres; about two dozen movies a year feature a mad killer going berserk, and they're all about as bad as this one. Some have a little more plot, some have a little less. It doesn't matter."[18] Helen Verongos of The Clarion-Ledger wrote: "Friday the 13th Part 2 obviously does not pretend to be any more than it is, a cheap—dimestore cheap—thriller aimed at the adolescent market...  It is designed to be predictable enough to make the average fourth-grader feel sharp-witted."[19]

The Dayton Journal Herald's Terry Lawson deemed the film a "special effects freak show for an audience immune to violence," and "exploitative and gratuitous."[20] Jacqi Tully of the Arizona Daily Star praised the film's special effects, noting Jason as "effectively disgusting sight," and ultimately summarizing: "Gross is a pretty good way to describe it. Scary, bloody and violent come to mind, too. Also very effective."[21] Howard Pousner of The Atlanta Constitution was less laudatory, deeming the return of the Jason Voorhees character as a "ludicrous arrangement...  before you know it, eight more people have been murdered in virtually every manner: a neck sliced by barbed wire, a skull smashed, a jugular macheteed sic, a heart speared, et al."[22]

When reviewing the film's Blu-ray release, David Harley of Bloody Disgusting said, "It doesn't exactly stray far from the formula of the original film — neither do most of the other sequels — but Friday The 13th Part II still stands as an iconic and important entry in the series due to the introduction of Jason as the antagonist of the series and the usage of Italian horror films as an inspiration for its death scenes — most notably, the spear copulation death from Mario Bava’s A Bay of Blood."[23] Scott Meslow of The Week described it as a transitional film that blended elements of the original film and those to come later in the series.[24] The final scene where Jason crashes through the window and the scene where Jason raises his knife before killing Vicki were featured in the tribute to horror films montage during the 82nd Academy Awards.

In 2014, the film ranked at number one on a list of the 100 Greatest Slasher Movies on the genre website Vegan Voorhees.[25]

The film's ending has been a source of confusion for fans. Writer Ron Kurz has stated that Jason's window jump was intended to be set in reality and that Paul was killed offscreen.[16] However, the beginning of Part III, in replaying the end of Part 2, instead showed Jason pulling the machete out of his shoulder and crawling away as Ginny and Paul leave him for dead in the shack. This arguably retcons the scene of Jason's window jump into a dream. In addition, near the beginning of Part III, a news broadcast reports the body count at eight, thus excluding Paul from this count.

Home media[edit]

Friday the 13th Part 2 was released on VHS and Betamax by Paramount Home Video in 1981.[26][27] Paramount reissued the VHS again in 1994.[28] The film was first released on DVD by Paramount on October 19, 1999, in a standard widescreen release featuring the theatrical trailer as the sole bonus feature.[29]

In 2009, Paramount issued a "deluxe edition" of the film on both DVD and Blu-ray, which included several documentary featurettes along with the theatrical trailer.[30][31] In 2011, it was released in a 4-disc DVD collection along with the first, third, and fourth films in the series.[32] It was again included in two Blu-ray sets: Friday the 13th: The Complete Collection, released in 2013, and Friday the 13th: The Ultimate Collection, in 2018.[33]

Music[edit]

Friday the 13th Part 2
Soundtrack album by Harry Manfredini
Released January 13, 2012 (La-La Land)
June 2015 (Waxworks)
Genre Film score
Length 43:02
Label Gramavision, La-La Land, Waxworks
Producer Harry Manfredini, Jay Yuenger, Neil S. Bulk

In 1982, Gramavision Records released an LP album of selected pieces of Harry Manfredini's scores from the first three Friday the 13th films.[34] On January 13, 2012, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 6-CD boxset containing Manfredini's scores from the first six films. It sold out in less than 24 hours.[35] Waxworks Records released the Harry Manfredini-composed score on vinyl in summer 2015.[36]

Novelization[edit]

A novelization based on the screenplay of Ron Kurz was published in 1988: Hawke, Simon, Friday the 13th Part II: A Novel, New American Library, New York, 1988, ISBN 0-451-15337-5

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only the film poster uses the roman number "II". The copyright and actual film says "Part 2."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981)". The Numbers. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015.
  2. ^ "Friday the 13th Part 2". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on December 6, 2012.
  3. ^ Bracke 2006, pp. 50–52.
  4. ^ Burns, Ashley. "Friday The 13th' Star Adrienne King Uses Her Terrifying Stalker Tale To Help Her Fans". Uproxx. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Thurman, Trace (May 1, 2016). "13 Fun Facts About 'Friday the 13th Part 2!'". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  6. ^ Wixson, Heather (March 5, 2010). "Dread Central's Final Girls: Amy Steel". Dread Central. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018.
  7. ^ Dash, Steve (July 1, 2006). "Friday the 13th Part 2". Dread Central. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Deakin, Bob (October 2004). "Friday the 13th Part 2 Set up Camp 30 Years Ago in Kent and New Preston, CT". The Kent Good Times Dispatch; The Litchfield County Times. Bullsbridge Inn. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
  9. ^ Parker, Jason (August 25, 2015). "The Continuity Issues Of Jason Voorhees' Appearance Between Part 2 And Part 3". Friday the 13th: The Franchise. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018.
  10. ^ Parker, Jason (January 12, 2011). "Behind the Scenes: Part 2 accident and the Hospital". Friday the 13th: The Franchise. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018.
  11. ^ "What's up with the sack head?". Friday the 13th: The Ultimate Fan Blog. January 22, 2009. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
  12. ^ Albright 2012, p. 179.
  13. ^ "Friday The 13th Part 2: Did You Know?". Lair of Horror. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  14. ^ a b Farrands, Daniel (2013). Crystal Lake Memories: The Complete History of Friday the 13th (Documentary). Image Entertainment.
  15. ^ Kendrick 2009, p. 150.
  16. ^ a b Bracke 2006, p. 51.
  17. ^ "Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  18. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1981). "Friday the 13th, Part 2". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  19. ^ Verongos, Helen (May 8, 1981). "Horror of horrors: 'Friday the 13th' sequel nothing new". The Clarion-Ledger. p. 14D – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  20. ^ Lawson, Terry (April 30, 1981). "'Friday Part 2'". The Journal Herald. Dayton, Ohio. p. 23 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  21. ^ Tully, Jacqui (May 8, 1981). "'Friday the 13th' is gross, but let's not lose our heads". Arizona Daily Star. Tucson, Arizona. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  22. ^ Pousner, Howard (May 8, 1981). "Part 2 of This Nightmare Is 2 Too Many". The Atlanta Constitution. Atlanta, Georgia. p. 15-B – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  23. ^ "Blu-ray Review: 'Friday the 13th Part 2' -". Bloody Disgusting!.
  24. ^ Meslow, Scott (February 13, 2015). "Friday the 13th Part 2: How a young franchise took its first steps toward creating a horror icon". The Week. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018.
  25. ^ Lee, Hudson (April 23, 2014). "The 100 Greatest Slasher Movies Part X". Vegan Voorhees. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  26. ^ Friday the 13th Part 2 (VHS). Paramount Home Video. 1981. OCLC 14346258.
  27. ^ Friday the 13th Part 2 (Betamax). Paramount Home Video. 1981. OCLC 9672370.
  28. ^ Friday the 13th Part 2 (VHS). Paramount Home Video. 1994 [1981]. ISBN 978-0-792-10108-6.
  29. ^ Friday the 13th Part 2 (DVD). Paramount Home Video. 1999 [1981]. ISBN 978-0-792-15881-3.
  30. ^ Friday the 13th Part 2 (DVD). Paramount Home Video. 2009 [1981]. ISBN 978-1-415-74714-8.
  31. ^ Friday the 13th Part 2 (Blu-ray). Paramount Home Video. 2009 [1981]. ISBN 978-1-415-74718-6.
  32. ^ "Buy Movies at Movies Unlimited - The Movie Collector's Site". moviesunlimited.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
  33. ^ Squires, John (November 30, 2017). "New 'Friday the 13th' Blu-ray Collection Coming Next Year; Full Details". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on July 1, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  34. ^ Bracke 2006, p. 94.
  35. ^ "La-La Land Records: Friday the 13th". La-La Land Records. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  36. ^ "'Friday The 13th Part 2′ OST Coming To Vinyl". Waxworks Records. Retrieved January 15, 2012.

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]