Friday the 13th Part 2
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|Friday the 13th Part 2|
|Produced by||Steve Miner|
by Victor Miller
|Music by||Harry Manfredini|
|Edited by||Susan E. Cunningham|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$21.7 million|
Friday the 13th Part 2 (also known as Friday the 13th Part II) is a 1981 American slasher horror film directed by Steve Miner. It is a direct sequel to Friday the 13th, picking up five years after that film's conclusion, where a new murderer stalks and begins murdering the camp counselors at a nearby training camp in Crystal Lake. The film marks the first time Jason Voorhees is the antagonist (his mother was the killer in the previous film).
Originally, Friday the 13th Part 2 was not intended to be a direct sequel to the 1980 original but rather part of an anthology series of films based on the Friday the 13th superstition, but after the popularity of the original film's surprise ending to feature Jason Voorhees attacking the heroine, the filmmakers decided to bring back Jason and the mythology surrounding Camp Crystal Lake, a trend which would be repeated for the rest of the series.
Stylistically, Friday the 13th Part 2 reproduces certain key elements that made the original Friday the 13th a sleeper hit in 1980, such as first-person camera perspectives, gory stalk-and-slash scenes, and campground settings. Although it did not reach the original's box office success, the sequel was a financial success, grossing over $21.7 million in the United States on a budget of $1.25 million.
Taking place two months after the first film, Alice Hardy, the sole survivor of the 1979 killing spree, is recovering from her trauma. In her apartment, she finds the head of Pamela Voorhees in her refrigerator and is brutally murdered by an unseen assailant with an ice pick to her temple.
Elsewhere, Paul Holt hosts a camp counselor training camp at a building near Crystal Lake. Included amongst the counselor hopefuls are lovers Jeff and Sandra, troublemaker Scott, sporty Terry, wheelchair-bound Mark, sweet-natured Vickie, jokester Ted, and Paul's assistant, Ginny. At the campfire that night, Paul tells them the legend of Jason Voorhees to scare the other counselors from entering Camp Crystal Lake. That night, Crazy Ralph, wanders onto the property to warn the others, but is garroted with barbed wire by an unseen assailant. The next day, Jeff and Sandra go to Camp Crystal Lake, and find a dead animal that looks like Terry's dog, Muffin. They are caught by the sheriff and returned to the camp. As he is leaving, the sheriff spots someone on the road and chases them through the woods, coming across a broken down shack. As he investigates, he comes across a sight that horrifies him before he is killed by a hammer claw to his skull.
Offered one last night on the town, Paul makes Jeff and Sandra remain behind as punishment for their earlier excursion. Terry stays behind to look for Muffin, Scott stays behind to flirt with Terry, Mark doesn't want to go, and Vickie decides to stay with Mark. Terry goes swimming and Scott plays a prank on her by stealing her clothes. He gets caught in a rope trap, and after Terry goes to find a knife to cut him down, he has his throat slit with a machete. Terry returns to find his hanging body and is then attacked off-screen. At the bar, Ginny concludes that if Jason is still alive, he would have turned into a feral man, having witnessed his mother's death. Back at the camp, while Mark is waiting for Vickie to finish getting ready, he is murdered with a machete to the face, and has his body pushed down some stairs. The killer then moves upstairs and impales Jeff and Sandra with a spear as they are having sex. Vickie returns and comes across her friends' bodies, before she is stabbed by the killer, who is wearing a burlap sack to conceal his face.
Ginny suspects something is wrong when she and Paul return to find the lights out and the place in disarray. The killer creeps through the dark and attacks Paul before turning on Ginny who runs in fear. She is chased through some of the cabins, before fleeing into the woods, and eventually comes across the shack. After barricading herself inside, she finds a rudimentary altar with Pamela Voorhees' decomposing head on it, surrounded by a pile of the killer's victims, revealing that Jason Voorhees is the killer. Realizing this, Ginny quickly puts on Pamela's sweater and tries to convince Jason that she is his mother. The ruse fails when he spots his mother's head on the altar, and attacks Ginny. Paul intervenes and attacks Jason, bit is quickly overwhelmed. Just as Jason is about to kill Paul, Ginny picks up the machete and slams it down into his shoulder, seemingly killing him.
Paul and Ginny return to the cabin, and are greeted by Muffin at the cabin door. Just as they feel at ease, Jason bursts through the cabin window behind Ginny and tries to drag her out. She then awakens, being loaded into an ambulance, calling out to Paul, who is nowhere to be seen. Meanwhile, back at the shack in the woods, Pamela's head remains on its altar.
- Amy Steel as Ginny Field
- John Furey as Paul Holt
- Adrienne King as Alice Hardy
- Warrington Gillette as Jason Voorhees (unmasked)
- Walt Gorney as Crazy Ralph
- Stu Charno as Ted
- Bill Randolph as Jeff
- Marta Kober as Sandra Dier
- Tom McBride as Mark
- Lauren-Marie Taylor as Vickie
- Kirsten Baker as Terry
- Russell Todd as Scott
- Betsy Palmer as Pamela Voorhees
- Cliff Cudney as Maxwell
- Jack Marks as Deputy Winslow
- Jerry Wallace as The Prowler
- Steve Daskawisz as Jason Voorhees stunt double (masked)
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Following the success of Friday the 13th in 1980, Paramount Pictures began plans to make a sequel. First acquiring the worldwide distribution rights, Frank Mancuso, Sr. stated, "We wanted it to be an event, where teenagers would flock to the theaters on that Friday night to see the latest episode." The initial ideas for a sequel involved the Friday the 13th title being used for a series of films, released once a year, that would not have direct continuity with each other, but be a separate "scary movie" of their own right. Phil Scuderi—one of three owners of Esquire Theaters, along with Steve Minasian and Bob Barsamian, who produced the original film—insisted that the sequel have Jason Voorhees, Pamela's son, even though his appearance in the original film was only meant to be a joke. Steve Miner, associate producer on the first film, believed in the idea and would go on to direct the first two sequels, after Cunningham opted not to return to the director's chair. Miner would use many of the same crew members from the first film while working on the sequels.
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Actor Warrington Gillette only played the unmasked Jason at the end. Stuntman Steve Daskawisz (also known as Steve Dash) played the masked Jason.
Principal photography took place in October and finished in November 1980.
Daskawisz was rushed to the emergency room when Amy Steel hit his middle finger with a machete during filming. Steel explained: "The timing was wrong, and he didn't turn his pickaxe properly, and the machete hit his finger." Daskawisz received 13 stitches on his middle finger. It was covered with a piece of rubber, and Daskawisz and Steel insisted on doing the scene all over again.
Originally the film's ending was after Ginny was loaded into the ambulance, it would switch to Mrs. Voorhees' head, which then opens its eyes and smile, indicating that Jason had killed Paul, however the ending was scrapped at the last minute for being too fake and cheapened the movie's impact.
In one scene where Daskawisz was wearing the burlap flour sack, part of the flour sack was flapping at his eye, so the crew used tape inside the eye area to prevent it from flapping. Daskawisz received rug burns around his eye from the tape from wearing the rough flour sack material for hours.
The film's ending has been a source of confusion for fans. Writer Ron Kurz has stated that Jason's window jump was intended to be set in reality and that Paul was killed offscreen. However, the beginning of Part III, in replaying the end of Part 2, instead showed Jason pulling the machete out of his shoulder and crawling away as Ginny and Paul leave him for dead in the shack. This arguably retcons the scene of Jason's window jump into a dream. In addition, near the beginning of Part III, a news broadcast reports the body count at eight, thus excluding Paul from this count.
Rumors sparked that John Furey left before the film wrapped as his character does not appear in the end. In truth, his character was not intended to have appeared.
In 1982, Gramavision Records released a LP album of selected pieces of Harry Manfredini's scores from the first three Friday the 13th films. On January 13, 2012, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 6-CD boxset containing Manfredini's scores from the first six films. It sold out in less than 24 hours. Waxworks Records will release the Harry Manfredini composed score, in summer 2015 on Vinyl.
The film was released theatrically on April 30, 1981, to immediate box office success, bringing in $6,429,784 its opening weekend. It played on 1,350 screens and would ultimately gross $21,722,776. It was the 35th highest grossing film of 1981, facing strong competition early in the year from such high-profile horror releases as Omen III: The Final Conflict, The Howling, Scanners, Wolfen, Deadly Blessing, The Funhouse, My Bloody Valentine, The Fan and The Hand.
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Much like its predecessor, critical reception to the film was initially negative. It has a 32% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes among 31 reviews. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that Friday the 13th Part 2 was "a cross between the Mad Slasher and Dead teenager genres; about two dozen movies a year feature a mad killer going berserk, and they're all about as bad as this one. Some have a little more plot, some have a little less. It doesn't matter."
When reviewing the film's Blu-ray release, David Harley of Bloody Disgusting said, "It doesn’t exactly stray far from the formula of the original film — neither do most of the other sequels — but Friday The 13th Part II still stands as an iconic and important entry in the series due to the introduction of Jason as the antagonist of the series and the usage of Italian horror films as an inspiration for its death scenes — most notably, the spear copulation death from Mario Bava’s A Bay of Blood." The final scene where Jason crashes through the window and the scene where Jason raises his knife before killing Vicki were featured in the tribute to horror films montage during the 82nd Academy Awards.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
- "Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981)". The Numbers. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
- Peter Brack (2006-10-11). Crystal Lake Memories. United Kingdom: Titan Books. pp. 50–52. ISBN 1-84576-343-2.
- Bracke, Peter, pg. 94
- "La-La Land Records: Friday the 13th". La-La Land Records. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "‘Friday The 13th Part 2′ OST Coming To Vinyl". Waxworks Records. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
- Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1981). "Friday the 13th, Part 2". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
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- Friday the 13th Part 2 at the Internet Movie Database
- Friday the 13th Part 2 at AllMovie
- Friday the 13th Part 2 at Box Office Mojo
- Friday the 13th Part 2 at Rotten Tomatoes
- Film page at the Camp Crystal Lake web site
- Film page at Fridaythe13thfilms