Friday the 13th Part 2
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|Friday the 13th Part 2|
|Produced by||Steve Miner|
by Victor Miller
|Music by||Harry Manfredini|
|Edited by||Susan E. Cunningham|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$21.7 million|
Friday the 13th Part 2 is a 1981 American slasher film directed by Steve Miner and the second installment in the Friday the 13th film series. It is a direct sequel to Friday the 13th, picking up five years after that film's conclusion, where a new murderer stalks and begins murdering the camp counselors at a nearby training camp in Crystal Lake. The film marks the first time Jason Voorhees is the killer; his mother was the killer in the previous film.
Originally, Friday the 13th Part 2 was not intended to be a direct sequel to the 1980 original but rather part of an anthology series of films based on the Friday the 13th superstition, but after the popularity of the original film's surprise ending where Jason Voorhees attacks the heroine, the filmmakers brought back Jason and the mythology surrounding Camp Crystal Lake, a trend which would be repeated for the rest of the series.
Stylistically, Friday the 13th Part 2 reproduces certain key elements that made the original Friday the 13th a sleeper hit in 1980, such as first-person camera perspectives, gory stalk-and-slash scenes, and campground settings. Although it did not gross as much as the original, the sequel grossed over $21.7 million in the United States on a budget of $1.25 million.
Two months after the Camp Crystal Lake massacre, sole survivor Alice Hardy is recovering from her traumatic experience. In her apartment, she suddenly began having nightmares, but wakes up safe in her bed. Soon after she is startled by a cat, then finds the head of Pamela Voorhees in her refrigerator. She then is murdered by an unseen Jason Voorhees with an ice pick.
Five years later, Paul Holt hosts a camp-counselor training camp at a building near Crystal Lake. Included among the counselor hopefuls are lovers Jeff and Sandra, troublemaker Scott, his girlfriend Terry, wheelchair-bound Mark, sweet-natured Vickie, jokester Ted, and Paul's assistant and girlfriend, Ginny. At the campfire that night, Paul tells them the legend of Jason Voorhees to scare the other counselors from entering Camp Crystal Lake. That night, Crazy Ralph wanders onto the property to warn the kids, but is garroted from behind by Jason. The next day, Jeff and Sandra attempt to go off to Camp Crystal Lake, but find a recently killed animal that looks like Terry's dog, Muffin. They are then discovered trespassing by the sheriff and return to the camp. On the way, the sheriff spots a figure with a sack hood running across the street (who's revealed as Jason), and chases him into the woods, where he comes across a rundown shack. As he investigates, he discovers a sight that horrifies him, moments before he's suddenly killed with a claw hammer to the back of his head.
Back at camp, Paul offers the others one last night on the town, but makes Jeff and Sandra remain behind as punishment for their earlier excursion. Terry stays behind to look for Muffin and Scott stays behind to flirt with Terry. Mark doesn't want to go and Vickie decides to stay with him. Terry goes swimming and Scott plays a prank on her by stealing her clothes. He then gets caught in a rope trap and hangs upside down from a tree. While Terry goes to get a knife to cut him down, Scott's throat is then slashed with a machete and Terry is killed (offscreen) when she returns. At a noisy bar in the nearby town, Ginny muses that if Jason were still alive and witnessed his mother's death, it may have left him with no distinction between life and death, right or wrong. Paul scoffs at the idea, proclaiming that Jason is nothing but an urban legend.
Back at the camp, while Mark is waiting for Vickie, he's killed by Jason with a machete to the head and his wheelchair is pushed down a flight of outdoor stairs. Jason then goes upstairs and kills Jeff and Sandra with a spear as they are having sex. Vickie returns and comes across her friends's bodies, before she is stabbed by Jason. Ginny suspects something is wrong when she and Paul return to find the lights out and the place in disarray. Jason creeps through the dark and attacks Paul before turning on Ginny who screams and runs in terror.
She's then chased through some of the cabins before fleeing into the woods and eventually comes across the old shack. After barricading herself inside, she finds a rough altar with Pamela Voorhees's severed head on it surrounded by a pile of Jason's victims, including the corpse of Alice Hardy. Ginny quickly puts on Pamela's sweater and tries to psychologically convince Jason that she's his mother. The ruse fails when he spots his mother's head on the altar and he attacks Ginny. Paul suddenly intervenes and attacks Jason but is quickly overwhelmed. Just as Jason is about to kill Paul, Ginny picks up a machete and slams it down into his shoulder, seemingly killed him.
Paul and Ginny returns to the cabin and are greeted at the door by Muffin the dog, alive and well. Just as they feel at ease, an unmasked Jason suddenly bursts through the window behind Ginny who grabs to drag her out while she screams, as the screen fades to bright white. She then awakens being loaded into an ambulance and calls out for Paul, who is nowhere to be seen. Meanwhile, back at the shack in the woods, Pamela's head remains on its altar.
- Amy Steel as Ginny Field
- John Furey as Paul Holt
- Adrienne King as Alice Hardy
- Warrington Gillette as Jason Voorhees
- Walt Gorney as Crazy Ralph
- Stu Charno as Ted
- Bill Randolph as Jeff
- Marta Kober as Sandra Dier
- Tom McBride as Mark
- Lauren-Marie Taylor as Vickie
- Kirsten Baker as Terry
- Russell Todd as Scott
- Betsy Palmer as Pamela Voorhees
- Jack Marks as Deputy Winslow
- Cliff Cudney as Max
- Steve Daskawisz as Jason Voorhees stunt double
Following the success of Friday the 13th in 1980, Paramount Pictures began plans to make a sequel. First acquiring the worldwide distribution rights, Frank Mancuso, Sr. stated, "We wanted it to be an event, where teenagers would flock to the theaters on that Friday night to see the latest episode." The initial ideas for a sequel involved the "Friday the 13th" title being used for a series of films, released once a year, that would not have direct continuity with one another but be a separate "scary movie" of their own right. Phil Scuderi—one of three owners of Esquire Theaters, along with Steve Minasian and Bob Barsamian, who produced the original film—insisted that the sequel have Jason Voorhees, Pamela's son, even though his appearance in the original film was only meant to be a joke. Steve Miner, associate producer on the first film, believed in the idea and would go on to direct the first two sequels, after Cunningham opted not to return to the director's chair. Miner would use many of the same crew members from the first film while working on the sequels. Cunningham had mixed feelings about the entire "Friday the 13th" enterprise that he outlined for film critic and author Stephen Hunter in an interview for a book Hunter wrote on violent films. Hunter stated that Cunningham "wasn't particularly proud" of his work on these films, and Cunningham bluntly said that the only thing that seemed to reach a teenaged audience at that time period involved high levels of gore and graphic violence.
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Adrienne King was pursued by an obsessed fan after the success of the original Friday the 13th and wished her role to be small as possible. Actor Warrington Gillette played Jason unmasked at the end of the film. Stuntman Steve Daskawisz (also known as Steve Dash) was credited as Jason Stunt Double but played Jason throughout the rest of the film.
Principal photography took place from October 3 and finished in November 1980.
Daskawisz was rushed to the emergency room when Amy Steel hit his middle finger with a machete during filming. Steel explained, "The timing was wrong, and he didn't turn his pickaxe properly, and the machete hit his finger." Daskawisz received 13 stitches on his middle finger. It was covered with a piece of rubber, and Daskawisz and Steel insisted on doing the scene all over again.
Originally the film's ending was after Ginny was loaded into the ambulance, it would switch to Mrs. Voorhees's head, which then opens its eyes and smiles, indicating that Jason had killed Paul; however, the ending was scrapped at the last minute for being too fake and cheapened the movie's impact.
In one scene where Daskawisz was wearing the burlap flour sack, part of the flour sack was flapping at his eye, so the crew used tape inside the eye area to prevent it from flapping. Daskawisz received rug burns around his eye from the tape from wearing the rough flour sack material for hours.
The film's ending has been a source of confusion for fans. Writer Ron Kurz has stated that Jason's window jump was intended to be set in reality and that Paul was killed offscreen. However, the beginning of Part III, in replaying the end of Part 2, instead showed Jason pulling the machete out of his shoulder and crawling away as Ginny and Paul leave him for dead in the shack. This arguably retcons the scene of Jason's window jump into a dream. In addition, near the beginning of Part III, a news broadcast reports the body count at eight, thus excluding Paul from this count.
Rumors sparked that John Furey left before the film wrapped, as his character does not appear in the end. In truth, his character was not intended to have appeared.
In 1982, Gramavision Records released an LP album of selected pieces of Harry Manfredini's scores from the first three Friday the 13th films. On January 13, 2012, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 6-CD boxset containing Manfredini's scores from the first six films. It sold out in less than 24 hours. Waxworks Records will release the Harry Manfredini-composed score in summer 2015 on Vinyl.
The film was released theatrically on April 30, 1981, to immediate box office success, bringing in $6,429,784 its opening weekend. It played on 1,350 screens and would ultimately gross $21,722,776. It was the 35th highest-grossing film of 1981, facing strong competition early in the year from such high-profile horror releases as Omen III: The Final Conflict, The Howling, Scanners, Wolfen, Deadly Blessing, The Funhouse, My Bloody Valentine, The Fan and The Hand.
Much like its predecessor, critical reception to the film was initially negative. It has a 32% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes among 31 reviews. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that Friday the 13th Part 2 was "a cross between the Mad Slasher and Dead teenager genres; about two dozen movies a year feature a mad killer going berserk, and they're all about as bad as this one. Some have a little more plot, some have a little less. It doesn't matter."
When reviewing the film's Blu-ray release, David Harley of Bloody Disgusting said, "It doesn't exactly stray far from the formula of the original film — neither do most of the other sequels — but Friday The 13th Part II still stands as an iconic and important entry in the series due to the introduction of Jason as the antagonist of the series and the usage of Italian horror films as an inspiration for its death scenes — most notably, the spear copulation death from Mario Bava’s A Bay of Blood." Scott Meslow of The Week described it as a transitional film that blended elements of the original film and those to come later in the series. The final scene where Jason crashes through the window and the scene where Jason raises his knife before killing Vicki were featured in the tribute to horror films montage during the 82nd Academy Awards.
In 2014, the film ranked at number one on a list of the 100 Greatest Slasher Movies on the genre website Vegan Voorhees.
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- Peter Brack (2006-10-11). Crystal Lake Memories. United Kingdom: Titan Books. pp. 50–52. ISBN 1-84576-343-2.
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- Bracke, Peter, pg. 94
- "La-La Land Records: Friday the 13th". La-La Land Records. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "'Friday The 13th Part 2′ OST Coming To Vinyl". Waxworks Records. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
- Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1981). "Friday the 13th, Part 2". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- "Blu-ray Review: 'Friday the 13th Part 2' -". Bloody Disgusting!.
- Meslow, Scott (2015-02-13). "Friday the 13th Part 2: How a young franchise took its first steps toward creating a horror icon". The Week. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
- Lee, Hudson (23 April 2014). "The 100 Greatest Slasher Movies Part X". Vegan Voorhees. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
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