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Common fried onions are cooked by basic pan frying or sautéing of sliced onions. This produces a fairly soft cooked onion, which may brown some from a Maillard reaction, depending on the length of cooking and the temperature. The Philadelphia cheesesteak is a hot sandwich commonly served with sautéed onions, and they are half of the dish called liver and onions. In the Middle East, mujaddara is a dish made of lentils and rice topped with fried onions. In Indian cuisine, fried onions are one of the key ingredients for the rice dish called biryani.
Crisp fried onions
If the much higher temperature, immersive, deep frying is used, this prepares the onions in a manner similar to that of French fried potatoes. Crispy deep fried onions are called "French fried onions" in Southern cooking of the United States. Smaller and irregularly shaped (from being deep-fried until they are crunchy) onions are an integral part of the American dish green bean casserole. Freshly made crisp fried onions may be used as garnishes in some restaurants.
In Denmark and the rest of Scandinavia, known as ristede løg/rostad lök/stekte løk, they are a staple garnish for hot dogs or Tunnbrödsrulle, served in local fast food restaurants or by street vendors (which are common in large cities such as Copenhagen and Stockholm).
Crisp fried onions are also used in biriyani for layering and garnishing.
In Indonesia, bawang goreng is a popular garnish in Indonesian cuisine. However, instead of common onions, a local smaller type of onion called shallot, locally known as bawang merah, is popularly used. Shallots are thinly sliced and deep fried in plenty of cooking oil until golden crisp, and often placed in a tight glass jar for later use.
Bawang goreng has a slightly bitter yet savoury flavour. Crispy fried shallots are often sprinkled upon steamed rice, satay, soto, gado-gado, bubur ayam and many other dishes as a condiment as well as garnish. They are used for stir-fried vegetables, soups, stews, curries, noodles, rice and salads as toppings. Prepacked bawang goreng fried shallots are available in supermarkets and grocery stores in Indonesia, and also Asian grocery stores abroad.
- Funyuns – a fried-onion-flavored snack
- Kushari – which is topped with fried onions
- List of onion dishes
- Lomo a lo pobre
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- Dull, S.R.; Fowler, D.L. (2006). Southern Cooking. University of Georgia Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-8203-2853-9.
- Rivers, F. (1916). The Hotel Butcher, Garde Manager and Carver. Home economics archive--research, tradition and history. Hotel Monthly Press. p. 105. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
- whattocooktoday (2013-02-06). "Indonesian Fried Shallots Crisp / Bawang Goreng". What To Cook Today. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
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