Friedland, Brandenburg

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Friedland
Coat of arms of Friedland
Coat of arms
Friedland  is located in Germany
Friedland
Friedland
Coordinates: 52°06′N 14°16′E / 52.100°N 14.267°E / 52.100; 14.267Coordinates: 52°06′N 14°16′E / 52.100°N 14.267°E / 52.100; 14.267
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Oder-Spree
Government
 • Mayor Thomas Hähle (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 173.21 km2 (66.88 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,017
 • Density 17/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15848, 15868
Dialling codes 033676
Vehicle registration LOS
Website www.friedland-nl.de

Friedland (Lower Sorbian Bryland) is a town in the Oder-Spree district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated in the historic Lower Lusatia region, about 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Beeskow, and 39 km (24 mi) north of Cottbus.

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

March of Lusatia 1235-1367
 Kingdom of Bohemia 1367-1469
Kingdom of Hungary 1469-1490
 Kingdom of Bohemia 1490-1635
 Electorate of Saxony 1635-1697
Poland-Saxony 1697-1706
 Electorate of Saxony 1706-1709
Poland-Saxony 1709-1763
 Electorate of Saxony 1763-1806
Kingdom of Saxony 1806-1815
 Kingdom of Prussia 1815-1871
 German Empire 1871-1918
 Weimar Republic 1918-1933
 Nazi Germany 1933-1945
 Allied-occupied Germany 1945-1949
 East Germany 1949-1990
 Germany 1990-present

The town was first mentioned as Fredberg in a 1235 deed issued by the Lusatian margrave Henry III of Meissen. A 1301 contract signed by Margrave Frederick I named a town and castle of Vredeburch, then a possession of the Lords of Strehla, who served as ministeriales of the ruling House of Wettin. The present name first appeared in a 1350 bull issued by Pope Clement VI. With Lower Lusatia, Friedland passed under the suzerainty of the Bohemian Crown in 1367.

In 1518, the lordship was pawned to the Order of Saint John and turned Protestant in 1540. Under the rule of Lord Master Count Adam of Schwarzenberg, the fortifications were enlarged, nevertheless Friedland suffered severely under the impact of the Thirty Years' War. Upon the 1635 Peace of Prague, it passed with the Lusatias to the Electorate of Saxony. Under Master Prince John Maurice of Nassau-Siegen the lordship quickly recovered. Town privileges were confirmed in 1662, a Jewish community is documented since 1673.

After almost three-centuries rule of the Order of Saint John, Friedland was finally secularised to Saxony in 1811. Only four years later, the town passed to the Prussian province of Brandenburg upon the Final Act of the 1815 Vienna Congress.

Demography[edit]

Friedland Castle

Friedland is the least densely populated town ("Stadt") in Germany, just narrowly beating Baruth/Mark (also in Brandenburg) for that distinction.

Friedland:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 4 509
1890 4 397
1910 4 264
1925 4 212
1933 3 984
1939 3 785
1946 5 900
1950 5 534
1964 4 251
1971 4 132
Year Population
1981 3 480
1985 3 473
1989 3 447
1990 3 457
1991 3 424
1992 3 391
1993 3 410
1994 3 391
1995 3 391
1996 3 349
Year Population
1997 3 362
1998 3 426
1999 3 418
2000 3 428
2001 3 398
2002 3 409
2003 3 503
2004 3 444
2005 3 397
2006 3 350
Year Population
2007 3 270
2008 3 249
2009 3 235
2010 3 166
2011 3 153
2012 3 109
2013 3 053

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

References[edit]