University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

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Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Universitaet-Erlangen-Nuernberg-seal.svg
Friedrich-Alexander University seal
Latin: Universitas Friderici Alexandriae
Former names
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen
Type Public
Established 1742 (first)
November 4, 1743 (1743-11-04) (moved) [1]
Budget 354 million (2015)[2]plus180 million (External funding 2013)[3]
Chancellor vacant[4]
President Prof. Dr.-Ing. Joachim Hornegger[4]
Vice-president 1. Prof. Dr. Antje Kley
(Vice President for Education of Teachers and Diversity)
2. Prof. Dr. Günter Leugering
(Vice President for International Relations)
3. Prof. Dr. Nadine Gatzert
(Vice President for Research)
4. Prof. Dr. Friedrich Paulsen
(Vice President for Teaching) [4]
Academic staff
656 (professors),[3] 3,404 (other)[3]
Administrative staff
2,258 (without hospitals) [3]
Students 39,085 (WS 2014/15) [3]
663 (2013) [3]
Location Erlangen and Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
49°35′52.5″N 11°0′17.17″E / 49.597917°N 11.0047694°E / 49.597917; 11.0047694Coordinates: 49°35′52.5″N 11°0′17.17″E / 49.597917°N 11.0047694°E / 49.597917; 11.0047694
Campus Urban
Colors Blue     
Nickname FAU
Affiliations Domestic:
1. Bavarian State Ministry for Science, Research and Art
2. DFG
3. Excellence Universities
International:
1.Top Industrial Managers for Europe
2. SEFI
Website fau.eu
Logo of the Universität of Erlangen-Nürnberg

Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (German: Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, FAU) is a public research university in the cities of Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. The name Friedrich-Alexander comes from the university's first founder Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and its benefactor Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.[1]

In Germany, traditional liberal arts universities do not usually have an engineering school or department. However, FAU does have a distinct engineering faculty.

FAU is the second largest state university in the state Bavaria. It has 5 faculties, 23 departments/schools, 30 clinical departments, 19 autonomous departments, 656 professors, 3,404 members of academic staff and roughly 13,000 employees.[5]

In winter semester 2014/15 around 39,085 students (including 3,556 foreign students) enrolled in the university in 239 fields of study, with about 2/3 studying at the Erlangen campus and the remaining 1/3 at the Nuremberg campus. These statistics put FAU in the list of top 10 largest universities in Germany.[3]

In 2013, 5251 students graduated from the university and 663 doctorates and 50 post-doctoral theses were registered. Moreover, FAU received 171 million Euro (2013) external funding in the same year, making it one of the strongest third-party funded universities in Germany.[3]

In 2006 and 2007, as part of the national excellence initiative, FAU was chosen by the German Research Foundation as one of the winners in the German Universities Excellence Initiative.[6] FAU is also a member of DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)[7] and the Top Industrial Managers for Europe[8] network.

In Academic Ranking of World Universities for year 2014, FAU ranked second among German universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences group for all four ranking parameters TOP, FUN, HiCi and PUB.[9][10][11][12]

History[edit]

Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, founder of FAU

The university was founded in 1742, in Bayreuth by Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and moved to Erlangen in 1743. Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (one of the two namesakes of the institution) provided significant support to the early university. From the beginning, the university was a Protestant institution, but over time it slowly secularized. During the Nazi era, the university was one of the first that had a majority of Nazi supporters in the student council. In 1961, the business college in Nuremberg was merged with the university in Erlangen, so that now the combined institution has a physical presence in the two cities. An engineering school was inaugurated in 1966. In 1972, the school of education (normal school) in Nuremberg became part of the university.

Schloss Erlangen
The castle in the center of Erlangen, known to many simply as the Schloss, is home to a large part of the university's administration

Timeline[edit]

Below is a short timeline of FAU from its inception to its present form:

  • 1700–1704: The Schloss of the Margraves at Erlangen is built.
  • 1743: Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, issues an edict whereby the university recently founded in Bayreuth is transferred to Erlangen. It has the four faculties of Protestant Theology, Jurisprudence, Medicine and Philosophy.
  • 1769: The University at Erlangen is given the new name of Friedrich-Alexander-Universität in honour of Alexander, Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth.
  • 1818: The library of the University of Altdorf, dissolved in 1809, is moved to Erlangen.
  • 1824: The first hospital is built.
  • 1825: The University moves into the Schloss.
  • 1927: Science is taken out of the Faculty of Arts thus creating the new Faculty of Science.
  • 1961: The FAU acquires a further faculty through merger with the Nuremberg College of Economics and Social Sciences (founded in 1919). The University's name is now Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg.
  • 1966: Faculty of Engineering is established. (FAU is thus the first of the traditional universities of the old federal republic to incorporate engineering as an independent faculty.)
  • 1972: The Teacher Training College in Nuremberg is incorporated into the Faculty of Education.
  • 1993: The FAU celebrates its 250th anniversary.
  • 1994: The Free State of Bavaria purchases for the university 4.4 hectares of land in Erlangen previously owned by the US military. The area is now called Röthelheim Campus.
  • 1995: The WiSo Faculty (Business Administration, Economics & Social Sciences) celebrates its 75th anniversary.
  • 2000: The Bavaria-California Technology Centre opens its headquarters at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg.
  • 2000: Inauguration of the Research Centre in Clinical Molecular Biology in Erlangen.
  • 2001: Opening of the Röthelheim Campus on the site of the old artillery barracks.
  • 2004: Inauguration of the new building at the WiSo Faculty of Business Administration, Economics & Social Sciences in Nuremberg.

Faculties[edit]

The Kollegienhaus, the historical central building and lecture hall of the University at the borders of the Schlossgarten

In February 2007, the senate of the university decided upon a restructuring into five faculties.[13] Since October 2007, the FAU consists of:[14]

The following faculties were part of the university (sorted in the order in which they were founded):

Logo of the University Hospital
Old University Library (Erlangen)

Faculty of Engineering[edit]

Inception[edit]

In 1962, after lengthy debate, the Bavarian parliament decided to establish a Faculty of Engineering in Erlangen. Then, the University of Erlangen thus won out against the city of Nuremberg, which, for decades, had been demanding the establishment of a college of engineering in Nuremberg. Since the expansive areas of building land required for this project were not available in the center of Erlangen, the foundations for a new university campus were laid in the south east of the town in 1964. The formal establishment of the Faculty of Engineering, then the seventh faculty at the University, took place in 1966. What was unique at the time was that the various engineering departments were subsumed, as a faculty, into the main university rather than constituting an independent university.[1][15]

Present status[edit]

The Faculty of Engineering at FAU is a young educational and research institution. Since its foundation in 1966. The Faculty has five departments:

  • Electrical, Electronic and Communication Engineering
  • Chemical and Biological Engineering
  • Materials Science and Engineering (This Department was ranked at 10th best in the world according to the Quantitative Ranking of Engineering Disciplines (QRED).)[16][17]
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science

The Faculty has close connections both with other natural sciences and with traditional subjects at the university. The Faculty of Engineering currently concentrates on the following research fields:

  • New Materials and Processes
  • Life Science Engineering and Medicine Technology
  • Energy Technology and Mobility
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Optics and Optical Technologies
  • Information- and Communication Technologies
  • Micro-/Nano-electronics

Research[18][edit]

Major research areas[edit]

FAU claims leadership in a number of research topics. The current eight such major research areas are:[19]

  • New Materials and Processes
  • Optics and Optical Technologies
  • Molecular Life Science and Medicine
  • Health Technology
  • Electronics, Information and Communication
  • Energy, Environment and Climate
  • Language - Culture - Region
  • Cohesion – Transformation – Innovation in Law and Economics

Excellence initiative[20][edit]

The Excellence Initiative by the German federal and state governments to promote science and research at German universities aims to promote cutting-edge research and to strengthen the higher education and research in Germany to improve its international competitiveness and to make top performers in academia and science visible. As part of this initiative, FAU was awarded the contract for the Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT), which received 1.9 million euros of annual funding for the next five years. The Cluster of Excellence 'Engineering of Advanced Materials and Processes' (EAM) was also established at FAU as part of the initiative and has been approved in the second round. EAM is funded with 40 million euros.[21]

Cluster of Excellence 'Engineering of Advanced Materials'[22][23][24][edit]

The Cluster of Excellence 'Engineering of Advanced Materials – Hierarchical Structure Formation for Functional Devices' (EAM) is the only interdisciplinary research collaboration of its type in Germany to focus on the investigation of functional materials and their processing at all length scales. The main research focus is on the fundamental and applied aspects of designing and creating novel high-performance materials. It is part of the Excellence Initiative of the German Research Foundation.

Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies[25][26][edit]

The Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT) was founded in 2006. SAOT’s scientific focus lies on optics and optical technology, two fields which are considered key technologies of the 21st century. SAOT is currently funded with seven million euros.

Research institutions[edit]

Central institutions[27][edit]

Interdisciplinary centers[28][edit]

Research centers & centers of excellence[29][edit]

Partnerships[edit]

FAU is the first German university to establish a branch campus in Busan in the Republic of Korea. FAU has contacts with approximately 500 universities all over the world, including many of the world's top universities like the University of Cambridge, Duke University, UCL, Imperial College London and many more.[30]

Academic ranking[edit]

International ranking[edit]

Institutional ranking[edit]

Overall world academic ranking of the university published by Academic Ranking of World Universities, natureINDEX:[31][32]

Ranking 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003
Academic Ranking of World Universities 151-200 201-300 201-300 201-300 201-300 201-300 201-300 201-302 201-302 203-304 201-300 203-300 202-301 201-300
natureINDEX Institutions - academic 107 116 106 132

Broad subject fields ranking[edit]

Performance in academic ranking of world universities by broad subject fields published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[9]

Broad Subject Fields 2015 2014 2013 2012
Engineering/Technology and Computer Science (ENG) 76-100 76-100 101-150 101-150
Natural Sciences and Mathematics (SCI) 101-150 101-150 ------- -------
Life and Agriculture Sciences (LIFE) ------- ------- 151-200 151-200
Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy (MED) 151-200 151-200 151-200 151-200

Subject fields ranking[edit]

Performance in academic ranking of world universities by subject fields published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[33]

Broad Subject Fields 2015 2014 2013 2012
Chemistry 51-75 51-75 101-150 101-150

Subject rankings Engineering

Performance in academic ranking of world universities by engineering subjects published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[34]

Subject 2016 world (domestic)
Chemical Engineering 47 (3)
Electrical & Electronic Engineering 76-100 (4)
Energy Science & Engineering 76-100 (3)
Materials Science & Engineering 31 (1)
Mechanical Engineering 51-75 (3)

Domestic ranking[edit]

Performance in academic ranking among German universities by broad subject fields published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[9] [12]

Broad Subject Fields 2015 2014 2013 2012
Engineering/Technology and Computer Science (ENG) 2 2 3 3
Natural Sciences and Mathematics (SCI) 9 10 - -

Campuses[edit]

FAU Busan campus[edit]

FAU is the first German university to establish a branch campus in Busan in the Republic of Korea. In November 2009, its campus project received approval from the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. The FAU Busan Branch Campus offers a Graduate School with a master's degree program in Chemical and Bioengineering and a research center.[35]

In 2014, the university announced its intention of working toward making the Busan-Jinhae Free Economic Zone an educational hub. To this end, FAU Busan works internationally with various companies and universities.[36]

Awards[edit]

Alexander von Humboldt Professorships[edit]

In 2010, the newly announced professor of physics and co-director of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Prof. Vahid Sandoghdar was awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship,[37] Germany’s highest-endowed international research award, endowed with €3.5 million. In the year 2011, the second in a row, FAU communications engineer and researcher Prof. Dr.-Ing Robert Schober (born 1971) was awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship, entailed with €3.5 million,[38][39][40] for an algorithm developed by him which is found in many modern phones today. In 2013, Prof. Oskar Painter received an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship as well. Prof. Painter is another new co-director of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light.

German Excellence Initiative[edit]

The University of Erlangen-Nürnberg was successful within the German Universities Excellence Initiative in competing for a "cluster of excellence" and a graduate school.[41] The Cluster of Excellence 'Engineering of Advanced Materials' (EAM)" focuses on interdisciplinary developing new materials, joining engineering and natural sciences. The Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies emphasizes a strong focus in optical and photonics technology in the natural sciences, in engineering and the medical sciences and aims for a concise doctoral education. It is supplemented with a Master's degree program in the same topics.

After an in-depth evaluation, both programs were extended for the third phase of the German Excellence Initiative in 2012 until 2017. They contribute significantly to the research funding of the University, including five new research buildings, permanent new technical facilities and research and teaching staff. They also aim to increase the international perception of the contributing fields of research in Erlangen.

Notable alumni and professors[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.fau.de/universitaet/das-ist-die-fau/geschichte-der-fau/ FAU history
  2. ^ "Freistaat Bayern Haushaltsplan, Einzelplan 15, p. 278" (PDF). Bayerischer Landtag. 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "FAU Key figures and rankings". fau.de. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  4. ^ a b c "Die Leitung der FAU" (in German). fau.de. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
  5. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/university/stats.shtml uni-erlangen facts
  6. ^ http://www.bmbf.de/pubRD/2012-06-15_Finale_Foerderliste_2.pdf
  7. ^ "DFG - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "T.I.M.E. - Top Industrial Managers for Europe". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html Broad subject fields ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  10. ^ http://www.fau.de/universitaet/kennzahlen-und-rankings/rankings/ FAU at the forefront
  11. ^ http://blogs.fau.de/international/2014/09/01/fau-among-global-leaders-in-chemistry-and-engineering/ FAU Among Global Leaders in Chemistry and Engineering
  12. ^ a b "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences - 2014 - 2014 Top 100 Universities in Natural Sciences and Mathematics - ARWU-FIELD 2014". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "Die Universität stellt sich neu auf". Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Uni Erlangen Faculties". FAU. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Uni Erlangen Faculty of Engineering". Erlangen University. Retrieved 3 Oct 2013. 
  16. ^ "Ranking - QRED - EPFL". 6 January 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  17. ^ https://blogs.fau.de/international/2012/11/06/fau-materials-scientists-top-ten-worldwide/
  18. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/ FAU Research
  19. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/main-topics/ FAU, Major Research Areas
  20. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/excellence-initiative.shtml FAU, Excellence Initiative
  21. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.de/forschung/exzellenzinitiative/ Die Universität in der Exzellenzinitiative
  22. ^ http://www.excellence-initiative.com/excellence-initiative
  23. ^ http://www.excellence-initiative.com/erlangen-nuernberg-materials-functional-devices
  24. ^ http://www.eam.fau.de/ Cluster of Excellence Engineering of Advanced Materials
  25. ^ Paths
  26. ^ http://www.aot.uni-erlangen.de/ Advanced Optical Technologies, FAU
  27. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/institutions/central-institutions.shtml FAU, Central Institutions
  28. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/institutions/interdisciplinary-centres.shtml FAU, Interdisciplinary Centers
  29. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/institutions/research-centres.shtml FAU, Research Centers & Centers of Excellence
  30. ^ "Study". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  31. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html World academic ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  32. ^ "2016 tables: Institutions - academic | 2016 tables | Institutions - academic | Nature Index". www.natureindex.com. Retrieved 2016-08-19. 
  33. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html Subject fields ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  34. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2016 - Chemical Engineering | Shanghai Ranking - 2016". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2016-08-19. 
  35. ^ http://fau-busan.ac.kr/en/gu/gu_1.html FAU Busan campus
  36. ^ Park, Han-na (2014-06-20). "German University Epitomizes Educational Hub Vision". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2014-07-04. 
  37. ^ "Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation - AHP Preisträger 2010". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  38. ^ "Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation - AHP Preisträger 2011". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  39. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/institutions-and-services/press-office/press-releases/news/2011/10/27/18.shtml
  40. ^ "Newsletter Archive". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  41. ^ Redaktion: Referat LS 4 - Öffentlichkeitsarbeit, Internet (14 May 2013). "Excellence Initiative for Cutting-Edge Research at Institutions of Higher Education". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  42. ^ FAU alumni Alexander von Humboldt Retrieved 2012-10-19
  43. ^ FAU alumni Friedrich Rückert Retrieved 2012-10-19