Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark

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Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark
Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark
Former namesBerliner Sportpark (1951–1952)
LocationCantianstraße 24,
D-10437 Berlin,
Germany
Coordinates52°32′35″N 13°24′19″E / 52.54306°N 13.40528°E / 52.54306; 13.40528Coordinates: 52°32′35″N 13°24′19″E / 52.54306°N 13.40528°E / 52.54306; 13.40528
Public transitEberswalder Straße
OwnerState of Berlin
Capacity19,708[1]
Record attendance30,000 (East Germany-Belgium, 13 March 1974)
Field size110 × 72
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Opened1 October 1952
Renovated1964, 1970, 1986–1987, 1998, 2015
Construction cost15 million Mark
ArchitectRudolf Ortner (de)
Tenants
BFC Dynamo (1972–1992, 2014–2020)
VSG Altglienicke (2017–2020)
SV Empor Berlin
Berlin Adler

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark is a multi-purpose sports complex located in the western part of the locality of Prenzlauer Berg in the borought of Pankow in Berlin. The sports complex covers an area of approximately 22 hectares and comprises several facilities.[2][3][4] The main building is the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion. The stadium is the third-largest stadium in Berlin, after the Olympiastadion and the Stadion An der Alten Försterei, with a capacity of approximately 20,000 seats, of which 15,000 are covered.[1] BFC Dynamo was the main tenant of the stadium from 2014 to 2021.[5] Other tenants are VSG Altglienicke and Berlin Adler. Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark was the venue for the 2018 World Para Athletics European Championships.

History[edit]

The site was used by Prussian Army, before it was turned into a sports facility.[6] The site became the parade ground of the 1st (Emperor Alexander) Guards Grenadiers, after the Prussian military had acquired the area from Christian Wilhelm Griebenow in 1825.[7][4] The site got the nickname "Exer" from the military use.[4] "Exer" is derived from the German word Exerzierplatz, meaning "Parade ground" or "Drill ground".

Memorial stone for the demonstration on 26 March 1848.

The site was also known as the "Place by the Lonely Poplar" (German: Platz an der Einsamen Pappel).[7] Its landmark was a solitary black poplar known as the "Lonely Poplar" (German: Einsamen Pappel), which was standing on the parade ground near the corner of Topsstraße and Cantianstraße.[8][9][10] The first demonstrations in Berlin during the revolution of 1848 took place at the site on 26 March 1848. Up to 20,000 people gathered near the Lonely Poplar in front of Schönhauser Tor to demand voting rights, a 12-hour work day, minimum wages and public, rather than private or religious, schools from Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm IV.[4][10] The demonstration is today marked by a memorial stone on the site.[11] The poplar was cut down in 1968. A tree descending from the old poplar, grown in a plantation in Dresden, surrounded by aspen trees now stands on its place.[4][10]

The army gave up the Exer as a parade ground in the late 19th century. The area was then surrounded by residential buildings.[4] The Exer was instead redeveloped as a training field, so that it could be used by athletes.[10][4] The training field served as the first home ground of Hertha BSC (then named BFC Hertha 1892) until 1904.[6] The city of Berlin purchased the area in 1912 and developed it for sports use in 1913.[6]

Members of the FDJ working on the construction site in May 1951.

Berlin was divided after World War II and the site was located in the Soviet sector, in what became East Berlin. The site was developed according to plans by architect Rudolf Ortner for the World Festival of Youth and Students in 1951.[6] Several sports and training fields were created, in addition to a large football and athletics stadium with a capacity of 30,000 spectators. Rudolf Ortner had studied at the Bauhaus school until 1933. He left East Germany for West Germany in 1951.[6] The facility was initially known as Berliner Sportpark, but the East Berlin City Council decided to name the facility Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark to honour the centenary of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. Friedrich Ludwig Jahn is known in Germany as the father of gymnastics.

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion has been modernized and expanded several times. A floodlight system was installed in 1964 and a tartan track was added in 1970.[6] The stadium underwent a complete renovation in 1986-1987.[6] Among other things, a new four storey main stand was built, the side opposite the main stand (German: die Gegengerade) was roofed and new floodlight masts were erected. The current main stand and floodlight masts date from this time.[6] A further renovation took place in 1998, when the stadium received its colorful bucket seats, which are characteristic for the stadium as of today.[6] In order to host the 2015 UEFA Women's Champions League Final, the stadium was renovated at a cost of around € 2 million. The renovation included new paintwork, new fire doors and a new smoke alarm system, refurbished player and visitor facilities and a new lawn.[12][13][14]

Facilities[edit]

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark is a public sports complex which covers an area of around 22 hectares and comprises several facilities.[2] The largest building is the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion, also known as the Jahnstadion or the Cantianstadion, from the adjacent street Cantianstraße. The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion is a multi-purpose stadium with around 20,000 seats, of which 15,000 are covered.[1] The stadium is mostly used for football, but also for athletics and American football. The sports complex also contains a smaller stadium as well as additional pitches and fields, courts and facilities for football, volleyball, tennis, basketball and others sports.[2][3] There are four football pitches, of which two have artificial turf, five courts and two other sports fields.[15]

Use of the site[edit]

Clubs[edit]

BFC Dynamo was the main tentant of the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark from the 2014-15 season to March 2021, as it also was from the beginning of 1972 to the 1991-92 season.[6] VSG Altglienicke was added as a second main tentant from the 2017-18 season, as the Stadion Altglienicker with its artificial turf did not meet the requirements for matches in the Regionalliga.[16] American football club Berlin Adler plays American football matches in Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark and the grounds of the facility are also used by football clubs SV Empor Berlin and FC Bundestag.

Football[edit]

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadium was the home ground of army sponsored FC Vorwärts Berlin and its predecessors from 1953. ASK Vorwärts Berlin, and then FC Vorwärts Berlin, was one of the strongest football teams in East Germany in the 1960s. ASK Vorwärts Berlin hosted Glasgow Rangers at the stadium in the 1961–62 European Cup. The club played as stadium guests of sports club TSC Berlin (de) during the first years, but took over the stadium with the founding of football club FC Vorwärts Berlin in 1966.[17]

Spectators at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion during a match between ASK Vorwärts Berlin and SC Leipzig on 12 April 1965.

The stadium was taken over by BFC Dynamo after FC Vorwärts Berlin was relocated to Frankfurt an der Oder on 31 July 1971. BFC Dynamo played its home matches at the stadium until the 1992-93 season, with the exception of the 1986-87 season, when the stadium was under renovation.

BFC Dynamo celebrated nine of its ten DDR-Oberliga titles in the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadium and played most of its home matches in the European competitions at the stadium. BFC Dynamo hosted teams such as Dynamo Moscow, Red Star Belgrade, Nottingham Forest, Aston Villa, Hamburger SV, AS Roma, FC Aberdeen, Werder Bremen and AS Monaco at the stadium during the 1970s and 1980s. The main stand of the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion was frequently visited by the president of SV Dynamo and head of the Stasi Erich Mielke during the East German era.[18] Erich Mielke was a football enthusiast who barely missed a home match of BFC Dynamo.[19][20]

The match between BFC Dynamo and Hamburger SV on 15 September 1982 in the 1982-83 European Cup.

The East Germany national football team played ten international matches at the stadium from 1971 to 1990. The friendly match between East Germany and Belgium on 13 Match 1974 set the attendance record for the stadium with 30,000 spectators. East Germany won the match 1-0 with a goal by Joachim Streich. In addition, three finals of the FDGB-Pokal were played at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion, in 1965, 1990 and 1991.

The sculpture "Footballplayer" by Mario Moschi from 1936 in the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark.

The final of the Berlin Cup has been held at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion every season since 1995. The stadium has been used by various clubs in Berlin since German reunification. Hertha BSC II has occasionally used the stadium, when its own stadium could not be used due to a high number of spectators expected or for security reasons. Hertha BSC played its opening matches in the 1992-93 2. Bundesliga season at the stadium. Hertha BSC also played its match against FK Moscow in the semi finals of the 2006 UEFA Intertoto Cup and has played several matches in the qualifying rounds of the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Europa League at the stadium, most recently against Brøndby IF in the third qualifying round of the 2016-17 UEFA Europa League. Hertha won the match 1-0 and the stadium was sold out with 18,454 spectators.[21] 1. FC Union Berlin used the stadium for its home matches against FC Haka and PFC Litex Lovech in the 2001-02 UEFA Cup, as the Stadion an der Alten Försterei did not meet UEFA safety requirements.

The following teams have temporarily used the stadium as home ground since the 1990s:

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark was chosen as the venue for the 2015 UEFA Women's Champions League Final.[23] The final was played between 1. FFC Frankfurt and Paris Saint-Germain on 14 May 2015. 1. FFC Frankfurt defeated Paris-Saint German with 2-1. The stadium was sold out and the match was attended 17,147 spectators, including Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and UEFA President Michel Platini.[24]

Athletics[edit]

The Olympic Day of Athletics in 1987

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sprtpark hosted a stage in the annual multiple stage bicycle race Peace Race between 1963 to 1977. The stadium also hosted the annual Olympic Day of Athletics between 1963 and 1989. The Olympic Day of Athletics was an athletics competition in East Berlin, modeled on the International Stadionfest (ISTAF) that took place in West Berlin.

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark hosted the 1998 German Athletics Championships and the ISTAF took place at the stadium in 2002 and 2003, during the renovation of the Olympiastadion. The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark was also the venue of the 2018 World Para Athletics European Championships.

A total of 18 world records have been set in the stadium. Among others, Uwe Hohn set a new world record when he threw the javelin 104,80 meter before 21,000 spectators during the Olympic Day of Athletics on 20 July 1984. This was the first time a javelin throw had exceeded the 100 meter mark. The display at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sport showed a distance of only 4,80 meter, instead 104,80 meter, as it did not have space for five numbers at the time.[25]

Other sports[edit]

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark is regularly used for American football and has served as the home venue for the American football team Berlin Adler since 2004. The stadium was used by the Berlin Thunder of the NFL Europe between 1999 and 2002. The stadium has also been the annual venue of the German Bowl between 2012 and 2018 and was the site of the 2014 Eurobowl Final, where the Berlin Adler defeated the New Yorker Lions with 20-17. Due to refurbishment and redevelopment of the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sport, the final of the German Bowl was moved to the Commerzbank Arena in Frankfurt am Main in 2019.

The 2001 Speedway Grand Prix of Germany was held at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion, which was the first Speedway Grand Prix-event at a temporary track. The Grand Prix was won by the Polish rider Tomasz Gollob. German rider Robert Barth finished on 14th place. The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sporpark has recently also served as a venue for the annual crossfit competition Berlin Throwdown.

Concerts[edit]

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark also serves as a concert venue. Michael Jackson performed in front of 35,000 spectators in the stadium during his Dangerous World Tour on 4 September 1992.

Redevelopment[edit]

The stadium is considered to be in a state of decay, satisfying neither current needs nor future plans. In order to host the 2015 UEFA Women's Champions League final, the stadium was temporary renovated for an cost of around € 2 Million. That was however only a beginning, as the entire area is planned for a future complete redevelopment.[12][14]

The area is highly popular and the needs for sporting facilities in Berlin are many. The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark hosted 1,400 sporting events in 2014 and reported 169 training times per week in 2015.[26] Even when stadium is empty, the area around is crowded. The neighboring Mauerpark is popular among the citizens of Berlin. Its flea market attracts more than 40,000 visitors each Sunday.[26] The population pressure of Prenzlauer Berg is also high, with Pankow having the highest growth rate in Berlin as of 2014.[12] In preparation for the plans, more than 40 users of sport facilities in Berlin have been interviewed.[12]

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark plays and important role for the possibility of arranging major sports events in Berlin, with the Olympiastadion often considered too large.[27] Regardless of potential Olympic bids, the city needs a medium-sized spots facility with seating capacity of 20,000 spectators for the German Athletics Championships, the German Bowl, German Rugby Union Championship and for the Autumn final of the competition Youth Training for the Paralympics (JTFP), according to the Senate of Berlin.[12][28]

The redeveloped Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark is going to be an inclusive sports facility, in which disabled and non-disabled athletes are equally active. The facility is intended to serve as a base for parasports and a center for possible Paralympic Games in Berlin.[29][28] A feasibility study for the area has been available since January 2015, in which, among other things, the demolition and reconstruction of the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion is recommended due to ailing structures of the main stand and the cost for the redevelopment is estimated at € 150 million.[28]

The largest part of the redevelopment is the demolition of the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion and the construction of a new stadium with associated infrastructure. The new multi-purpose stadium will have a total capacity of 20,000 spectators, be barrier-free and offer second division standard.[29][30] The investment in the new stadium is estimated at € 110 million.[31] Other parts of the planned redevelopment are additional sports fields, especially for hockey, football, tennis and beach volleyball, two tree-field sports halls with spectator capacity, a tennis hall, a two–storey sports hall, new buildings for clubs and administration and for gymnastics, fitness and physiotherapy.[12][30][32][33] Further plans includes a day care center and a multi-storey parking garage that could possibly also serve the popular Max-Schmeling-Halle.[12][33][32] The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark will continue to be a local sports facility, accessible also to non-club athletes. A new fitness park and running area is also planned.[33][30] A cost of € 170 million has been estimated for redevelopment of the facility from 2021 and onwards.[34] The cost was estimated at € 195 million in June 2020.[35]

The redevelopment plans have met objections. The initiative Bürgerinitiative Jahnsportpark is committed to maintaining the stadium as an example of Eastern modernist architecture that it considers worth protecting.[36] Instead of demolition, the initiative suggest a careful renovating of the existing stadium. [37] The initiative also calls for increased participation from local residents and non-club athletes, that areas remain unsealed and that the large open space remains accessible to citizens as well as the preservation of the undeveloped green areas, notably the tree population.[38][36] The initiative is also critical of the increased traffic volume in the densely populated area that more and larger events will bring.[39]

Also architects from the Association of German Architects (BDA) and the Association of German Landscape Architects (BDLA) have opposed the demolition of the existing stadium. They consider the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark and the adjacent Mauerpark to be "a unique sport and leisure landscape".[40][36]

A broad alliance of 16 Berlin sports associations and clubs submitted the counterpetition InklutionsSportpark on the platform Change.org in July 2020 to support the plans to build a new inclusive sports facility, together with additional demands. The additional demands include the construction of the new stadium as an inclusive stadium with regards to all sports and spectator areas, the use of one of the planned three-field sports halls as a research hall for inclusive sports and the establishment of a competence center for inclusive sports (KIsS) for training and education, as well as the development and testing of inclusive sports, as well as demands for nature conservation and environmental protection and.[41][42] Berlin sports associations arranged a "Tour de Barriere" in June 2020, where athletes in parasports, such as shooter Leo Rupp in wheelchair and Goalball player Michael Feistle, demonstrated the lack of accessibility of the existing facility.[39]

The Senate of Berlin has decided to demolish the stadium, as of June 2020. However, the financing is not yes secured. The demolition will cost an estimated € 14 million. The money has been blocked until there is an overall concept for the development of the stadium and area in the budget. The money can only be released with consent from the Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin.[43] The demolition of the stadium was originally planned for autumn 2020 but has been postponed until 2021.[44][45] Football clubs BFC Dynamo and VSG Altglienicke will therefore be able to continue play in the stadium until 31 December 2020.[45] BFC Dynamo officially annunced on 21 March 2021 that it has now returned to the Sportforum Hohenschönhausen, as the operating permit for the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark expired on 31 December 2020.[46]

Location and transport[edit]

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark is located in Berlin, in the locality of Prenzlauer Berg, which forms the southern part of the borought of Pankow. It is bordered on the north by the Max-Schmeling-Halle and Gaudystraße, on the east by the Cantianstraße, on the south by the Eberswalder Straße and Topsstraße, and on the west by the Mauerpark (which formed part of the Berlin Wall from 1949 to 1990).[47]

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark can be reached via the U-Bahn line U2, station Eberswalder Straße, and via the tramway lines M1, M10 and 12.

Gallery[edit]

Panorama[edit]

Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Stadion panorama.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  13. ^ Aulich, Ywe (11 May 2015). "hampions-League-Finale der Frauen: Ladies first". Berliner Zeitung (in German). Berlin: Berliner Verlag GmbH. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
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  16. ^ "Der Aufstieg zwingt die VSG Altglienicke zum Umzug". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Berlin: Verlag Der Tagesspiegel GmbH. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  17. ^ Eberhard, Hans (17 January 2016). "Als vor 50 Jahren aus Armeesportklub der FC Vorwärts wurde". Märkische Oderzeitung (in German). Frankfurt an der Oder: Märkisches Medienhaus GmbH & Co. KG. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
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  19. ^ Dennis, Mike (2007). "Behind the Wall: East German football between state and society" (PDF). German as a Foreign Language (GFL). 2007 (2): 49. ISSN 1470-9570. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
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  31. ^ Bernd, Wähner (12 May 2019). "Weniger Plätze als geplant: Zu den Special Olympics 2023 soll das Jahnsportpark fertig sein". Berliner Woche (in German). Berlin: Berliner Wochenblatt Verlag GmbH. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
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  38. ^ "Keine Rodung im Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark". jahnsportpark.de (in German). Berlin: Bürgerinitiative Jahnsportpark. n.d. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
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  40. ^ Hönicke, Christian (11 June 2020). ""Nicht brachial umgestalten": Architektenverbände fordern Abriss-Stopp im Jahn-Sportpark". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Berlin: Verlag Der Tagesspiegel GmbH. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
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  42. ^ "InklusionsSportpark für Berlin". dmsg-berlin.de (in German). Berlin: Deutsche Multiple Sklerose Gesellschaft Landesverband Berlin e. V. n.d. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
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  47. ^ "Jahn-Sport-Park wird Zukunftsprojekt". Pankower Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). Berlin: Michael Springer. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2020.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Estádio do Restelo
Lisbon
UEFA Women's Champions League
Final venue

2015
Succeeded by
Mapei Stadium – Città del Tricolore
Reggio Emilia