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Müller in 1944
|Nickname(s)||The Butcher of Crete|
|Born||29 August 1897|
|Died||20 May 1947
|Rank||General of the Infantry|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller (29 August 1897 – 20 May 1947) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. Müller was notorious for having been a most brutal commander of occupied Crete. The infamy earned him the nickname of "The Butcher of Crete." After the war, he was tried by a Greek military court for war crimes, convicted and executed.
During the autumn of 1943, Müller led the German forces in their victory over the Italian-British forces in the Dodecanese Campaign. On the 6th of October, on the island of Kos, under his orders, German forces killed and buried in mass graves over one hundred Italian army officers captured at the end of the battle for the island, who would not side with the former allies. On 1 July 1944, he replaced Bruno Brauer as Commander on Crete. By 1945, Müller commanded the German 4th Army on the Eastern Front. Müller ended the war in East Prussia where he surrendered to the Red Army.
In 1946, Müller was tried by a Greek court in Athens for the massacres of hostages for reprisals. He was sentenced to death on 9 December 1946 and executed by firing squad on 20 May 1947, along with former General Bruno Bräuer, on the anniversary of the German invasion of Crete.
- Iron Cross (1914) 1st Class (25 May 1916) & 2nd Class (29 August 1916)
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939) 1st Class (22 December 1939) & 2nd Class (12 June 1940)
- German Cross in Gold on 18 June 1943 as Generalleutnant and commander of the 22. Infanterie-Division
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Beevor, Antony (1991). Crete: The Battle and the Resistance.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9.
General der Infanterie Ludwig Wolff
|Commander of 22. Infanterie-Division
1 August 1942 – 15 February 1944
Generalmajor Heinrich Kreipe
Generalleutnant Hermann Böhme
|Commander of V. Armeekorps
4 May 1944 – 2 June 1944
General der Infanterie Dr. Franz Beyer
General der Infantrie Friedrich Hoßbach
|Commander of 4. Armee
29 January 1945 – 27 April 1945