Friedrich Adolph Lampe
Friedrich Adolph Lampe (18 February 1683 – 8 December 1729) was a German Pietist pastor, theologian and professor of dogmatics. He was a Cocceian, and follower of Johannes d'Outrein. He is known as the first Pietist leader from a Calvinist rather than Lutheran background.
Lampe was born in Detmold in 1683. He received his education in Bremen from 1698 to 1702 and then enrolled at the University of Franeker, where he graduated in 1703. He was appointed pastor at Weeze near Cleves in 1703, and subsequently was appointed pastor in Duisburg in 1706 and Bremen in 1709. On 15 April 1720 he was appointed professor of theology at Utrecht University, and also served as pastor of St. Ansgar's Church.
Philosophy and works
Lampe was especially influenced by pietism and saw inner life development as very important, and he was also a strong believer in the divinity of the church. He attempted to revive the Covenant theology of Johannes Cocceius and was a follower of Johannes d'Outrein. His most prominent work was Geheimniß des Gnadenbunds, dem großen Bundesgott zu Ehren und allen heylbegierigen Seelen zur Erbauung geöffnet, published in six volumes from 1712. In 1726 he published Synopsis historiae sacrae. He also published a number of catechisms; among them were Milch der Wahrheit, nach Anleitung des Heidelberge Katechismus (1718), Einleitung zu dem Geheimnis des Gnadenbundes, and Delineatio theologae activae, considered to be the "first system of ethics derived from federal theology".
- Mark Ellingsen (1 January 2000). Reclaiming Our Roots -- Volume 2: Martin Luther to Martin Luther King. Continuum. p. 181. ISBN 978-1-56338-292-5.
- Benedetto, Robert; McKim, Donald K. (6 October 2009). Historical Dictionary of the Reformed Churches. Scarecrow Press. p. 256. ISBN 978-0-8108-7023-9.
- Jonathan Neil Gerstner (1 January 1991). The Thousand Generation Covenant: Dutch Reformed Covenant Theology and the Rise of a Sense of Group Identity Among the Colonists of South Africa, 1652-1814. Brill. p. 146. ISBN 90-04-09361-3.
- Dale Hoak (1996). The World of William and Mary: Anglo-Dutch Perspectives on the Revolution of 1688-89. Stanford University Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-8047-2406-7.
- Lampe, Friedrich Adolph (1726). Synopsis historiae sacrae.