|Born||3 January 1901
|Died||3 September 1944
|Buried at||Lommel, Belgium
(Block 61-grave 81)
|Rank||Major der Reserve
|Commands held||Fernaufklärungs-Gruppe 4|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Friedrich Ludwig Herbert Alpers (25 March 1901 – 3 September 1944) was a German Nazi politician, and SS leader. He was also a Minister of the Free State of Brunswick, and Minister for Forestry. Friedrich was responsible for numerous war crimes in Brunswick. Alpers committed suicide in 1944, while in US captivity.
Friedrich Alpers, (also known as "Fritz") was born on March 25, 1901 in Sonnenberg, Duchy of Brunswick. He was educated at Martino Katharineum High School in Brunswick, graduating in May 1919. He then studied law and political science at the Universities of Heidelberg, Munich and Greifswald. In 1923, he worked as a law clerk, and became a lawyer in 1929. He worked as a lawyer in Brunswick until 1933.
NSDAP and SS member
In June 1929, Alpers joined the NSDAP (membership number 132,812). In May 1930 he joined the SA. On 1 March 1931 he joined the SS (membership number 6,427). Friedrich was an active member in the SS, rising to the rank of Obergruppenführer. Since October 1930, Friedrich was Minister of the Brunswick State Parliament. Alpers was twice temporarily suspended from the SS in 1933 following complaints of excessive violence made against him during the Nazi takeover of Brunswick. In 1933, he personally brought into line the Brunswick and state bar associations.
Minister of the Free State of Brunswick
After the Machtergreifung Alpers became Finance and Justice Minister of Brunswick on May 8, 1933 (a position in which he served until 1934) under the Ministerpräsident Dietrich Klagges. Along with Klagges and Friedrich Jeckeln, Alpers was one of the main persons responsible for the Gleichschaltung and persecution of political opponents in the Free State of Brunswick.
- Iron Cross First and Second Class
- Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe
- German Cross in Gold on 9 April 1942 as Hauptmann in the 3.(F)/Aufklärungs-Gruppe 121
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 14 October 1942 as Major and commander of Fernaufklärungs-Gruppe 4
- Service Award of the NSDAP in Bronze and Silver
- SS Long Service Award
- Sword of honor RFSS
- SS Totenkopf ring
- Golden Party Badge of the NSDAP
- Browder 2004, pp. 94–95.
- Humphrey 1951, p. 285.
- Kreis 2000, p. 185.
- Kay 2011, p. 17.
- Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 14.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 115.
- Browder, George C. (2004). Foundations of the Nazi Police State: The Formation of Sipo and SD. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-9111-9.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Humphrey, Richard D. (1951). Georges Sorel, prophet without honor: a study in anti-intellectualism. Harvard University Press.
- Kay, Alex J. (2011). Exploitation, Resettlement, Mass Murder: Political and Economic Planning for German Occupation Policy in the Soviet Union, 1940–1941. Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-0-85745-165-1.
- Kreis, Georg (2000). Switzerland and the Second World War. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7146-5029-6.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.