Friedrich Sixt von Armin
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|Sixt von Armin|
General Sixt von Armin, portrait by Hugo Vogel.
27 November 1851|
Wetzlar, Rhine Province, Prussia
|Died||30 September 1936
Magdeburg, Saxony, Nazi Germany
|Years of service||1870–1919|
|Commands held||13th Division
|Awards||Pour le Mérite|
|Relations||Hans-Heinrich Sixt von Armin (son)|
Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin (27 November 1851 – 30 September 1936) was a German general who participated in the Franco-Prussian War and the First World War. In the latter he participated in many battles on the Western Front, including the Battles of Passchendaele and the Lys.
Sixt von Armin was born in Wetzlar, an exclave of the Rhine Province, Prussia. After leaving school in 1870, he joined the 4th Grenadier Guards Regiment as a cadet, and was seriously wounded in the Franco-Prussian War at the Battle of Gravelotte. He was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class, and promoted to lieutenant. He subsequently served as adjutant of the regiment, and also held other positions on the regimental staff.
In 1900, Sixt von Armin was promoted to Oberst (colonel) and given command of the 55th Infantry Regiment. The following year, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Gardekorps. He was promoted to major general in 1903, and to lieutenant general in 1906.
Following a period of service at general headquarters, in 1908 Sixt von Armin was appointed as commander of the 13th Division, then stationed in Münster. In 1911, he succeeded Paul von Hindenburg as commanding officer of the IV Corps in Magdeburg. In 1913, Sixt von Armin was promoted to general.
He married on the 11 June 1882 Klara Pauline Auguste von Voigts-Rhetz (* 1. Oktober 1859 in Berlin). She was the daughter of Prussian general Julius von Voigts-Rhetz. The son Hans-Heinrich also had a militar career. As Lieutenant general he became 1942 prisoner of war and died 1952 in Russia.
World War I
At the beginning of the First World War, Sixt von Armin and the IV Corps were a part of the First Army on the Western Front, where they were heavily involved in the trench warfare that defined the first years of the conflict. For his handling of combat operations on the Western Front, particularly at Arras and on the Somme, he was awarded the Pour le Mérite in 1916. The following year he was appointed commander of the Fourth Army, and also served as commander-in-chief in the Flanders region. During his time as commander, the Fourth Army withstood several significant assaults from British and Commonwealth forces, notably the Third Battle of Ypres. For his performance as commander, Sixt von Armin was awarded the Order of the Black Eagle, as well as the oak leaf cluster to the Pour le Mérite.
Sixt von Armin was still in command of the Fourth Army during the Spring Offensive of 1918. On 25 April, his troops captured the Kemmelberg, although they were later forced to retreat to the Antwerp-Maas defensive line.
After the war, Sixt von Armin lived in Magdeburg, Province of Saxony, where he was a popular speaker and made frequent appearances at public events. When he died in 1936, he was buried with full military honors.
Decorations and awards
- Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle (Prussia, ca.1917)
- Knight of the House Order of Hohenzollern
- Pour le Mérite (Prussia, 10 August 1916), with Oak Leaves Cluster (Prussia, ca.1917)
- Member of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg)
- Iron Cross of 1870, 2nd class
- Commander's Cross of the Military Order of St. Henry (Saxony, 7 May 1918)
- Knight of the Albert Order (Saxony)
- Knight of the Friedrich Order (Württemberg)
- Knight of the Order of Berthold I (Baden)
- Military Merit Medal (Austria-Hungary)
- Honorary title "Lion of Flanders"
- Magdeburg Barracks (1928) and Sixt-von-Armin-Weg in Magdeburg (1933) were named after him, both were renamed subsequently.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Jörn Winkelvoß, Magdeburger Biographisches Lexikon, Magdeburg 2002, ISBN 3-933046-49-1
Generalfeldmarschall Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg
|Commander, 4th Army
25 February 1917–28 January 1919