Friedrich Bidder

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Friedrich Bidder
Friedrich Bidder.jpg
Born9 November [O.S. 28 October] 1810
Died27 August [O.S. 15] 1894 (aged 83)
NationalityBaltic German
Alma materImperial University of Dorpat
Scientific career
Fieldsphysiology and anatomy
InstitutionsImperial University of Dorpat
Doctoral studentsKarl Wilhelm von Kupffer

Georg Friedrich Karl Heinrich Bidder (9 November [O.S. 28 October] 1810 – 27 August [O.S. 15] 1894) was a Baltic German physiologist and anatomist from what was then the Governorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire.

In 1834 he received his doctorate from the University of Dorpat, where he became a professor of anatomy (1842), and physiology and pathology (1843). He was a corresponding member (1857) and honorary member (1884) of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences (today Russian Academy of Sciences). He was the president of the Naturalists' Society at the University of Dorpat from 1877 to 1890.

Bidder is primarily remembered for his studies of nutrition and gastric physiology. From 1847 to 1852 he performed physiological-chemical studies of digestive juices and metabolism with chemist Carl Ernst Heinrich Schmidt (1822-1894). He also conducted important investigations of the sympathetic nervous system with Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (1801-1877) and of the spinal cord with Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer (1829-1902).

Bidder's name is associated with two anatomical structures:

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Further reading[edit]

Culotta, Charles (1970–80). "Bidder, Friedrich Heinrich". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 123–125. ISBN 978-0-684-10114-9.

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Preceded by
Eduard Haffner
Rector of University of Dorpat
1858–1865
Succeeded by
Hermann Guido von Samson-Himmelstjerna