Friedrich Grünanger

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Friedrich Grünanger
Born Friedrich Grünanger
(1856-01-25)25 January 1856
Segesvár, Transylvania, Habsburg Empire (today Sighișoara, Romania)
Died 14 December 1929(1929-12-14)
Salzburg, Austria
Nationality Hungarian, German
Alma mater Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, Vienna
Occupation Architect
Practice Friedrich von Schmidt

Friedrich Grünanger (25 January 1856 – 14 December 1929) was a Transylvanian Hungarian-German architect who worked primarily in Bulgaria.

Born in Schäßburg in Austria-Hungary (today Sighişoara in Romania), Grünanger studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna architecture school between 1877 and 1879, under Friedrich von Schmidt. As a style, he was a representative of the late historism, of the eclectic style, the Viennese Neo-Baroque and the Vienna Secession.

Image:|thumb|right|300px|The former royal palace in Sofia

In 1879, he was appointed in the Direction of Public Buildings, part of the Bulgarian Ministry of Internal Affairs, and became Chief Architect of Razgrad, later court architect of Knyaz Alexander of Bulgaria and his successor Ferdinand. During his thirty years of work in Bulgaria, he designed and constructed numerous remarkable public and residential buildings, mainly in Sofia. In 1908 he returned to Austria-Hungary and retired in Salzburg, but briefly returned to Bulgaria between 1911 and 1914 until his work in the country was discontinued after World War I.


This is an incomplete list of selected works by Friedrich Grünanger.

  • Razgrad
    • Mausoleum of the Russian Warriors (1879–1880)
    • Razgrad High School, today Exarch Joseph High School of Foreign Languages
  • Rousse
    • regional government building and palace of Knyaz Alexander (co-work), today the Rousse Regional History Museum (1879–1882); first governmental building in Bulgaria built for the purpose after the Liberation in 1878
    • first navy watchtower and meteorological station in Bulgaria (1883)
  • Sofia
  • Varna
    • the male high school
  • Kyustendil
    • Teachers' Institute (today town hall)



  • Collective (1980). Encyclopedia of Figurative Arts in Bulgaria, volume 1. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. pp. 209–210. 
  • Stern, Marcella, “Friedrich Grunanger”, Österreichische Osthefte, Jg. 35, Wien, (1993): 319-324 (with a portrait);
  • Stern, Marcella, “Architekt Friedrich Grunanger”, Österreichische Architektureinflusse in Sofija um die Uahrhundertwende, Sofija, 1998, S. 22–24, 48, 58-59, 68, 81-86, 93.
  • “Friedrich Grunanger”, Allgemeine Kunstlerlexikon,