Friedrich Kluge

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Friedrich Kluge

Friedrich Kluge (21 June 1856 – 21 May 1926) was a German philologist and educator. He is known for the Kluge etymological dictionary of the German language (Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache), which was first published in 1883.[1]

Biography[edit]

Kluge was born in Cologne. He studied comparative linguistics and classical and modern philologies at the universities of Leipzig, Strasbourg and Freiburg. As a student his instructors were August Leskien, Georg Curtius, Friedrich Zarncke and Rudolf Hildebrand at Leipzig and Heinrich Hübschmann, Bernhard ten Brink and Erich Schmidt at the University of Strasbourg.[2]

He became a teacher of English and German philology at Strassburg (1880), an assistant professor of German at the University of Jena in 1884, a full professor in 1886, and in 1893 was appointed professor of German language and literature at Freiburg as a successor to Hermann Paul.[2]

A Proto-Germanic sound law that he formulated in a paper in 1884[3] is nowadays known as Kluge's law.

He died in Freiburg.

Works[edit]

  • Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache (1881; 10th edition, 1924; 25th edition, 2011).
  • Stammbildungslehre der altgermanischen Dialekte (2d edition, 1899).
  • Von Luther bis Lessing, sprachgeschichtliche Aufsätze (4th edition, 1904).
  • Angelsächsisches Lesebuch (3d edition, 1902).
  • Deutsche Studentensprache (1895).
  • English Etymology, in collaboration with Frederick Lutz (1898).
  • Rothwelsch, Quellen und Wortschatz der Gaunersprache (1901).
  • Mittelenglisches Lesebuch, glossary by Arthur Kölbing (1904; 2d edition, 1912).

For Hermann Paul's "Grundriss der germanischen Philologie" he wrote "Vorgeschichte der altgermanischen Dialekte" (1897) and "Geschichte der englischen Sprache" (1899).[4][5] In 1900 he founded the journal "Zeitschrift für deutsche Wortforschung".[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Etymologisches wörterbuch der deutschen sprache, von Friedrich Kluge HathiTrust Digital Library
  2. ^ a b Kluge, Friedrich In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-428-00193-1, S. 140 f.
  3. ^ Kluge, Friedrich. 1884. “Die germanische consonantendehnung ”. Paul und Braune Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur (PBB), 9. S.149-186.
  4. ^ Vorgeschichte der altgermanischen dialekte Google Books
  5. ^ Geschichte der englischen Sprache by Friedrich Kluge
  6. ^ Zeitschrift für deutsche Wortforschung SearchWorks Catalog

References[edit]

External links[edit]