Friedrich Leibniz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Friedrich Leibniz
Friedrich Leibnütz.jpg
Alma materUniversity of Leipzig (M.A., 1622)
Spouse(s)First unnamed wife, second unnamed wife, Catharina Schmuck
Scientific career
FieldsMoral philosophy
InstitutionsUniversity of Leipzig
Notable studentsJakob Thomasius

Friedrich Leibniz (or Leibnütz; 1597–1652)[1] was a Lutheran[1][2] lawyer and a notary, registrar and professor of moral philosophy within Leipzig University.[1][3][4][5] He was the father of Gottfried Leibniz.


Leibniz was born in Altenburg, the son of Ambrosious Leibniz, a civil servant, and a Leipzig noblewoman named Anna Deuerlin.[3]

He completed his master's degree at the University of Leipzig during 1622 and became an actuary in administration at the University.[1] His first marriage in 1625 produced a son, Johann Friedrich, and a daughter, Anna Rosina. He was elected to the chair in moral philosophy at Leipzig in 1640. A childless marriage to a second wife ended with her death 1643.[3][6] A subsequent 1644 marriage to Catharina Schmuck, a daughter of a well known lawyer (or professor of law[5]) produced a son, the polymath Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.[3]

On Sunday 21 June [NS: 1 July] 1646, my son Gottfried Wilhelm is born into the world a quarter after six in the evening, in Aquarius.[7][8]

During 1646 Leibniz was vice chairman of the faculty of philosophy and also was Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Leipzig, in addition to employment as actuary.[3] He possessed a collection of books of ancient source.[5] He died in Leipzig.

... a competent though not original scholar, who devoted his time to his offices and to his family as a pious, Christian father.[9]

Leibniz is notable because his mathematical "descendants," which include Carl Friedrich Gauss, number more than 119,000.[10]


  1. ^ a b c d Brandon C. Look. The Continuum Companion to Leibniz. - Continuum International Publishing Group, 2011. 2011-08-04. ISBN 978-0826429759. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  2. ^ Brandon C. Look. (2007). Leibniz. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 2012-02-09
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory Brown (Professor at University of Houston). Friedrich Leibniz. Leibniz Society of North America. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  4. ^ See references of Heinrich Schepers and Ronald Calinger; in Richard S. Westfall, The Galileo Project, Rice University. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
  5. ^ a b c Ariew, Roger. G. W. Leibniz, life and works. Cambridge Collections Online. In: Nicholas Jolley, Ariew, Roger (1995). "G. W. Leibniz, life and works". The Cambridge companion to Leibniz. Cambridge University Press, 1995. pp. 18–42. doi:10.1017/CCOL0521365880.002. ISBN 978-0-521-36769-1. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  6. ^ Mitchel T. Keller et al. North Dakota State University. 58108-6050. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  7. ^ It is possible that the words "in Aquarius" refer to the Moon – the Sun in Cancer; Sagittarius rising (Ascendant). See Astro-Databank chart of Gottfried Leibniz.
  8. ^ The original has "1/4 uff 7 uhr" but there is no reason to assume that in the 17th century this meant a quarter to seven. The quote is given by Hartmut Hecht in Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (Teubner-Archiv zur Mathematik Volume 2, 1992), in the first lines of chapter 2, Der junge Leibniz, p. 15; see H. Hecht, Der junge Leibniz; see also G. E. Guhrauer, G. W. Frhr. v. Leibnitz. B. 1. Breslau 1846, Anm. S. 4.
  9. ^ E. J. Aiton, Leibniz : A biography (Bristol- Boston, 1984). In: MacTutor History of Mathematics Archived 2006-09-28 at the Wayback Machine, by J O'Connor and E F Robertson, University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2012-01-26
  10. ^ Mathematics Genealogy Project entry for Friedrich Leibniz

External links[edit]