Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns

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Not to be confused with his nephew Nicolaus Bruhns, a German organist and composer.

Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns [1] or Brauns [2] (11 February 1637 in Lollfuß – 13 March 1718 in Hamburg) was a German composer and music director in Hamburg.[3]

Bruhns was born in Lollfuß, Schleswig. In 1682 he succeeded Nicolaus Adam Strungk in charge of the Hamburger Ratsmusik,[4] later also taking on the charge of St. Mary's Cathedral. He was in practice succeeded by Johann Mattheson in 1715, but still formally held the positions till his death in Hamburg in 1718.[5][6]

Händel joined the opera orchestra during Brauns' time.[7][8]

Both the Johannes-Passion (1702) and Markus-Passion (1705) were for a long time attributed to Reinhard Keiser. The Markus-Passion is also attributed to Gottfried Keiser, Reinhard's father.[9] Bach performed the Markus-Passion in Weimar[10] and in Leipzig.[11][12] Several pasticcio versions of the Markus-Passion survive,[9] but Bach's copy preserved the original.[13] The earliest attribution to Keiser can be found in Bach's copy,[14]

Works[edit]

  • Johannes-Passion 1702, formerly attributed to Reinhard Keiser.
  • Markus-Passion composed 1705, first performed at the Cathedral in 1707.[15] Formerly attributed to Reinhard Keiser,[16] then to Bruhns,[17] this passion is also attributed to Gottfried Keiser, Reinhard's father.[9]
  • 11 solo cantatas

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sadie, Stanley (2001). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2nd ed.). 
  2. ^ In the High German spelling.
  3. ^ Otto Adalbert Beneke Hamburgische Geschichten und Denkwürigkeiten 1856 Page 336 "Auch dieser war eine künstlerische Notabilität Hamburgs, Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns, seit 1687 (!snomeu5 minor, Schul- und Dom-Cantor, auch Director der Hamburger Instrumental-Musik, gestorben 1718. Wir lernen ihn hier als Virtuosen ..."
  4. ^ Jürgen Neubacher Georg Philipp Telemanns Hamburger Kirchenmusik 2009 Page 21 "... (1628-1692) Dietrich Becker (1623-1679) Johann Carl Quellmalz [53] Nicolaus Adam Strunck (1640-1700) Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns (1637-1718) Johann Wolfgang Franck (1644-cl710) erneut Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns; Johann Mattheson ..."
  5. ^ Irmgard Scheitler Deutschsprachige Oratorienlibretti: von den Anfängen bis 1730 - 2005 Page 301 "Zwischen 1715 und 1718 nennt sich Mattheson „Vicarius“, weil Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns zwar resigniert hatte, aber pro forma noch amtierte ― vgl. 18: ND VI, Nr. 119: Die heylsame Geburth und Menschwerdung unsers Herrn und Heylandes ..."
  6. ^ L'Orgue Association des amis de l'Orgue - 2001 - Numéros 253 à 260 - Page 58 "Mattheson.... En 1718, il prit la relève de Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns comme « Director musices in cathedrali Hamburgensis » et composa avant tout des oratorios, dont Der fur die Siïnde, der Welt gemarterte und sterbende Jésus pour le temps de la passion ..."
  7. ^ Hans Joachim Marx Das Händel-Handbuch Volume 1 2008 Page 217 "... Direktion von Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns hat Händel jedenfalls zum ersten Mal ein vollfunktionierendes, professionelles Opernorchester aus nächster Nähe kennengelernt."
  8. ^ Laure Gauthier L'Opéra à Hambourg (1648-1728): Naissance d'un genre 2009 "Cette fois, c'est le directeur de l'orchestre municipal, Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns, qui mit le ..."
  9. ^ a b c Bach Digital Work 1534 at www.bachdigital.de
  10. ^ The Life of Bach - Page 21 Peter Williams - 2003 "... left their mark on Bach, for at some point he arranged chamber sonatas by Reinken for keyboard (e.g. BWV 965 and 966, perhaps as late as 1715), copied F. N. Brauns's St Mark Passion (performing it in Weimar, as later in Leipzig?) ..."
  11. ^ Malcolm Boyd Bach 2006- Page 153 "... F. N. Brauns St Mark Passion 11 April 1727 Thomaskirche "
  12. ^ Christoph Wolff Johann Sebastian Bach El Musico Sabio 2003, 2008 Page 317 "De ahí que prefiriese modificar su Pasión según san Juan para el año 1725, y seleccionar la Pasión según san Marcos de Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns para 1726. Bach había interpretado la obra de Brauns en Weimar, y en esta oportunidad la ...
  13. ^ Reinmar Emans, Sven Hiemke Bach-Handbuch. Bachs Oratorien, Passionen und Motetten 2000 Page 26 "Die einzige überlieferte Kopie dieses Werkes, das nach neueren Forschungen auch dem Hamburger Kantor Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns (Brauns) zugeschrieben wird, stammt zum größten Teil von der Hand Bachs; Bach hat das Werk ..."
  14. ^ Peter Williams J. S. Bach: A Life in Music 2007 Page 28 "In addition to arranging or re-composing chamber sonatas by Reinken for keyboard, he copied/arranged an anonymous St Mark Passion .. (attributed to Keiser by Bach but to F. N. Brauns by some recent authors) and, more importantly, ..."
  15. ^ Daniel R. Melamed Hearing Bach's Passions 2005- Page 80 "... but the religiously independent Cathedral (Dom) also offered sophisticated music for many years. The St. Mark Passion was first presented at the Cathedral under its music director, Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns, in 1707. It is documented by two ..."
  16. ^ Richard Douglas Jones The Creative Development of Johann Sebastian Bach Volume 1 2007 - Page 246 "Formerly attributed to Keiser, this St Mark Passion is now thought to have been composed by Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns, Director of Music at Hamburg Cathedral. See Daniel R. Melamed and Reginald Sanders, 'Zum Text und Kontext der ..."
  17. ^ bach-cantatas.com R. Keiser (attrib. F.N. Brauns) Markus Passion List of recordings

External links[edit]