Philipp Friedrich Silcher (27 June 1789 in Schnait (today part of Weinstadt) – 26 August 1860 in Tübingen), was a German composer, mainly known for his lieder (songs), and an important Volkslied collector.
Silcher was meant to be a school teacher, but dedicated himself entirely to music in the seminary in Ludwigsburg after he met Carl Maria von Weber. He was taught composition and piano by Conradin Kreutzer and Johann Nepomuk Hummel. In 1817 he was named musical director at the University of Tübingen. He is regarded as one of the most important protagonists of choir singing. He arranged many German Volkslieder and international folk songs that have remained standard repertoire of many choirs in Germany and became an integral part of German daily life. In 1829 Silcher founded the "Akademische Liedertafel" in Tübingen and directed it until his death.
He was married to Luise Rosine Ensslin (1804–1871). They had two daughters and one son.
Amongst his best-known songs are:
- "Ich hatt' einen Kameraden"
- "Alle Jahre wieder"
- "Am Brunnen vor dem Tore" (also set by Schubert, but popular in Silcher's version)
- "Die Lorelei"
- Abschied ("Muss i' denn zum Städtele hinaus"), which "inspired" the English-language "Wooden Heart" made famous by Elvis Presley when he was stationed in Germany during his military service.
- Melody of "So nimm denn meine Hände", originally for a different song
- Ännchen von Tharau
- Luise Marretta-Schär, Silcher, (Philipp) Friedrich in New Grove Vol. 23 ed. Stanley Sadie, 2nd Ed. (2001)
- Weber (1892), "Silcher, Friedrich", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 34, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 319–320
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Friedrich Silcher.|
|German Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Free scores by Friedrich Silcher in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Free scores by Friedrich Silcher at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- The Mutopia Project has compositions by Friedrich Silcher
- Silcher Museum in Weinstadt (in German)
- Works by or about Friedrich Silcher at Internet Archive
- Friedrich Silcher at Find a Grave
- "The song of the Lorelei" (English lyrics and MP3)
- on YouTube