Friedrich Stromeyer

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Friedrich Stromeyer
Friedrich Strohmeyer.jpg
Friedrich Stromeyer
Born (1776-08-02)2 August 1776
Göttingen, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Died 18 August 1835(1835-08-18) (aged 59)
Göttingen, Kingdom of Hanover
Nationality German
Alma mater University of Göttingen
Known for Cadmium
Scientific career
Fields Chemist
Institutions University of Göttingen
Doctoral advisor Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Louis Nicolas Vauquelin
Doctoral students Robert Bunsen
Eilhard Mitscherlich
Influenced Leopold Gmelin

Friedrich Stromeyer (2 August 1776 – 18 August 1835) was a German chemist. Stromeyer received an MD degree from the University of Göttingen in 1800, studying under Johann Friedrich Gmelin and Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. He was then a professor at the university, and also served as an inspector of apothecaries.

While studying compounds of zinc, Stromeyer discovered the element cadmium in 1817; cadmium is a common impurity of zinc compounds, though often found only in minute quantities. He was also the first to recommend starch as a reagent for free iodine and he studied chemistry of arsine and bismuthate salts.

In 1819 he was the first scientist to describe the mineral eudialyte.[1] In 1832 the mineral stromeyerite was named in his honor by mineralogist François Sulpice Beudant.[2]


  • Lockemann, Georg; Oesper, Ralph E. Friedrich Stromeyer and the history of chemical laboratory instruction, J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, pp. 202–204.
  • I. Asimov, Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (2nd Ed.), Doubleday, 1982, pp. 276–277.
  • M.E. Weeks, Discovery of the Elements (7th Ed.), Leicester, H. M., Ed., J. Chem. Educ., 1968, pp. 502–508.
  • J. R. Partington, A History of Chemistry, Macmillan, 1962, vol. 3, pp. 659–660.
  • Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1962, vol. 5, p. 566.
  1. ^ Rare Earths Industry: Technological, Economic, and Environmental Implications edited by Ismar Borges De Lima, Walter Leal Filho
  2. ^ Stromeyerite

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