Friedrich Wilhelm Krummacher
His father, Friedrich Adolf Krummacher, was a noted German theologian and writer, and his uncle, also a German theologian, was Gottfried Daniel Krummacher. The son, after attending the gymnasiums in Duisburg and Bernburg, studied theology at Halle and Jena, and became pastor successively at Frankfurt am Main (1819), Ruhrort (1823), Gemarke, near Barmen (1825), and Elberfeld (1834). He came to New York in 1843, declined a theological professorship in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, and afterward returned to Germany, eventually settling in Berlin, Prussia. In 1847, the Evangelical State Church in Prussia appointed him to the Trinity Church in Berlin, and in 1853 he became court chaplain at Potsdam. He was an influential promoter of the Evangelical Alliance. Although a minister of the Reformed Church, he was a zealous advocate of the older Lutheranism, and gave great offence by his denunciation of rationalists. He was a regular participant of the Evangelical Church Conferences.
Among his numerous works, many of which have been translated into English and Dutch, are:
- Salomo und Sulamith (1827, 9th ed. 1875)
- Flying Roll of Free Grace Displayed (New York, 1841)
- Elijah the Tishbite (German: Elias der Thisbiter; 1828-1833; 6th ed. 1874; Eng. trans. 1838)
- The Martyr Lamb (1849)
- The Last Days of Elisha (German: Elisa; 1852)
- The Risen Redeemer (1863)
- The Suffering Saviour (German: Das Passionsbuch, der leidende Christus; 1854, Eng. trans. 1870)
- Bunsen and Stahl (Berlin, 1856)
Among his later devotional works are:
- Gottes Wort (Berlin, 1865)
- David, der König von Israel (1866; English translation, 1870)
His sermons were published (Berlin, 1868), and his autobiography (1869) edited by his daughter, which was translated into English (London, 1871).
- Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Krummacher, Friedrich Adolf". The American Cyclopædia.
- Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Krummacher, Friedrich Adolf". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1892). "Krummacher, Friedrich Wilhelm". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Krummacher, Friedrich Adolf". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.