Ensemble of all 9 houses with stepped gables ("Holländerhäuser") on the west side of the market place
|• Mayor||Peter Hofmann|
|• Total||4.03 km2 (1.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|• Density||640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The town was founded in 1621 by Dutch settlers. Duke Friedrich III of Holstein-Gottorp persuaded them to invest capital and knowledge in this region in turn for freedom of their Mennonite and Remonstrant religion (see: Arminianism) and opportunities to reclaim fen and marsh land in the vicinity of the town. One of them was Johannes Narssius. Dutch became an official language. The town was named after Duke Frederick.
By 1630, many Arminians had already returned to the Netherlands. In 1633-1637 Frederick III sent an embassy to Tsar Michael I of Russia and to Shah Safi of Persia with a view to setting up Friedrichstadt as a European trade terminus. The delegation was led by the jurisconsult Philip Crusius, jurisconsult, and the merchant Otto Bruggemann or Brugman, of which their secretary - the scholar Adam Olearius - later wrote a book. However, the aim of creating a regular trading route that would not pass around Africa was not achieved, and the delegation proved fruitless. Altogether, the city of Friedrichstadt did not become as successful as anticipated.
Sons and daughters of the city
- Benjamin Calau (1724-1785), visual artist
- Eduard Alberti (1827-1898), literary historian
- Wilhelm Mannhardt (1831-1880), scholar and folklorist
- Norbert Masur (1901-1971), subcontractor of the Jewish World Congress
Connected to Friedrichstadt
- Jürgen Ovens (1623-1678), Rembrandt pupil and court painter of the dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, lived here and is buried in St. Christophorus Church
- Louis Philippe I (1773-1850) lived a few months in the flight from the French Revolution Place and worked under a blanket as a home teacher
- Hjalmar Schacht (1877-1970), German politician, banker, Reichsbank president and Reichswirtschaftsminister, his grandparents lived here
- In search of the Dutch origin of Friedrichstadt and the surrounding polderlands, including walking tour
- Friedrichstadt's official homepage.
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