Friends (Led Zeppelin song)
|Song by Led Zeppelin|
|from the album Led Zeppelin III|
|Released||5 October 1970|
|Studio||Headley Grange, England|
"Friends" is a song by English rock band Led Zeppelin. It was written by Jimmy Page and Robert Plant in 1970 at Bron-Yr-Aur, a small cottage in Wales where they stayed after completing a concert tour of the United States. The song was released on Led Zeppelin III (1970), where it appears as the second track. Biographer Stephen Davis called the piece "Jimmy's [Page's] last stab at psychedelia".
Composition and recording
Plant has acknowledged the influence of the Indian and Caribbean music he first heard during his childhood in the Black Country on "Friends", "There's something really splendid and otherworldly about trying to even touch those bigger ideas as a British rock group, to go past singing about bars and chicks and all that crap. There are other dynamics of life and we started to recognise that here."
Page uses an open-C6 chord (C-A-C-G-C-E) guitar tuning for the song, which he also used for "Bron-Yr-Aur" and "Poor Tom" (recorded during the same sessions). He also used an Altair Tube Limiter to enhance the acoustic quality of his Harmony guitar, a device recommended to him by acoustic guitarist Dick Rosmini. This same device was later used by Page on "All My Love", which was included on Led Zeppelin's In Through the Out Door album.
The song was re-recorded by Page and Plant with the Bombay Symphony Orchestra in 1972, during their trip to India, along with another track, "Four Sticks" from Led Zeppelin IV.[page needed] This version featured tabla drums and sitars. The recordings were released officially on the 2015 remastering of Coda.
In a contemporary review of Led Zeppelin III, Lester Bangs of Rolling Stone gave "Friends" a mixed review, writing that while the track "has a fine bitter acoustic lead", it "gives itself over almost entirely to monotonously shrill Plant breast-beatings."
In a retrospective review of Led Zeppelin III (Deluxe Edition), Kristofer Lenz of Consequence of Sound stated while listening to Led Zeppelin III, "Friends" is like a "re-calibration" from the face-melting "Immigrant Song" to a more "woozy, loose tuning" track, with tabla by John Bonham. When discussing the bonus tracks of the Deluxe Edition, Lenz praising the new version of "Friends" (an instrumental version), writing it "allows the listener to focus in on the unique arrangement of guitar, strings, and percussion."
- Robert Plant – vocals
- Jimmy Page – guitars
- John Paul Jones – bass guitar, Moog synthesizer, string arrangement
- John Bonham – percussion
- Davis, Stephen (1985). Hammer of the Gods. New York City: Ballantine Books. p. 120. ISBN 0-345-33516-3.
- Phil Sutcliffe, "Back to Nature", Q Magazine Special Led Zeppelin edition, 2003, p. 34.
- The Guardian Newspaper (UK) G2 supplement interview with Robert Plant 3 November 2017
- Welch, Chris (1998). Led Zeppelin: Dazed and Confused: The Stories Behind Every Song. New York City: Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 92. ISBN 1-56025-818-7.
- Lewis, Dave (2010). "Friends". Led Zeppelin: The Complete Guide To Their Music. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0857121356.
- Fricke, David (1993). Led Zeppelin Boxed Set 2 (Boxed set notes). Led Zeppelin. Atlantic Records.
- Bangs, Lester (26 November 1970). "Led Zeppelin III". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- Lenz, Kristofer (6 June 2014). "Led Zeppelin – Led Zeppelin III [Reissue]". CoS. Retrieved 13 August 2017.