Friends General Conference

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Friends General Conference
TypeReligious organization
PurposeEnrich the spiritual life of the Religious Society of Friends, provide resources and services to Friends, Friends meetings, and people interested in the Quaker way in the United States and Canada
HeadquartersPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • United States and Canada
Approximately 32,000
General Secretary
Barry Crossno
US$1.6 million (2021)

Friends General Conference (FGC) is an association of Quakers in the United States and Canada made up of 16 yearly meetings and 12 autonomous monthly meetings.[1] "Monthly meetings" are what Quakers call congregations; "yearly meetings" are organizations of monthly meetings within a geographic region. FGC was founded in 1900.[2]

FGC-affiliated meetings are typically in the "unprogrammed" Quaker tradition, though there are some Friends churches with pastors. "Unprogrammed" means that worship is based on silent waiting for the Spirit's inspiration, without a pastor or a prepared order of worship. As of 2022, there are approximately 32,000 members in over 650 congregations (called meetings or churches).

Friends (Quakers) affiliated with FGC tend to be theologically liberal and more socially progressive than Friends in other branches of Quakerism in North America, though FGC welcomes Friends with diverse experiences and points of view.

FGC's programs include an annual week-long conference called "The Gathering," on-line retreats and worship opportunities, resources for meetings in becoming anti-racist spiritual communities, spiritual mentorship for youth and young adults, book publishing and sales, religious education materials, interfaith relations, and websites for meetings.

The main offices for FGC are in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


FGC's history can be traced back to conferences held by several Quaker organizations between 1868 and 1900, including the First Day School Conference, the Friends Union for Philanthropic Labor, the Friends Religious Conference, the Friends Educational Conference, and the Young Friends Association. These groups officially joined together as Friends General Conference at Chautauqua, New York in August 1900.[2]

FGC has held a conference either every year or every other year, usually at a different college each time, simply called Friends General Conference or FGC. In the late 1970s in order to make a distinction between FGC as an organization and the annual conference, the conference began to be called the Gathering. In recent years, the Gathering has been held several times on the west coast rather than the East or Midwest.

List of all conferences and locations[3]

Structure and governance[edit]

As of May 2022, the governing body for FGC is a Central Committee made up of 111 Friends, 54 of whom are appointed by affiliated yearly and monthly meetings. It meets once a year in the fall, usually October. There is also an Executive Committee made up of officers, clerks of sub-committees, yearly meeting representatives, and at-large members which meets three times a year.

Central Committee is uniquely responsible for:[4]

  • Making final policy decisions affecting the Friends General Conference organization and program
  • Approving the annual budget
  • Making changes in the corporate by-laws

Executive Committee can make any decisions other than these to keep the organization functioning throughout the year.

The work of FGC is carried out by staff and several hundred volunteers.[5] It is managed by a General Secretary (similar to an Executive Director) who provides spiritually grounded leadership, adhering to the vision statement, minute of purpose, and objectives determined by Central Committee.

In 2021, FGC had a budget of US$1.6 million[6] and assets of US $6,241,856.[7]

The Gathering[edit]

A key program of FGC is the annual Gathering for all ages, traditionally held at a different college every July. Before the pandemic, the event attracted between 800 to 1,500 attenders from around the world, with most participants coming from the United States and Canada. Since the pandemic, it has been held virtually, and a hybrid Gathering is planned for the future. The event features 40–60 mostly week-long workshops and a slate of both Quaker and non-Quaker plenary speakers. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. offered a plenary presentation in 1958.[8] In addition to workshops and plenary sessions, the Gathering features concerts for all ages. Renowned folk singer Pete Seeger performed in 1997. There are programs for children, youth, and young adults.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Affiliated Yearly Meetings". Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  2. ^ a b "About Friends General Conference". Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  3. ^ "Historical Locations of FGC Gatherings and Conferences". Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  4. ^ "Central Committee of Friends General Conference". Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  5. ^ "Impact Report - FGC 2021 by the Numbers". Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  6. ^ "FY22 Budget Information October 2021" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Impact Report - FGC 2021 by the Numbers". Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  8. ^ "A Significant Anniversary". 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2022-05-16.

External links[edit]