Friends of Coal

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Friends of Coal is an advocacy group that functions in several states and works closely with state coal trade organizations.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

It was founded in West Virginia by the coal industry as a countermeasure to grassroots environmental justice movements during the summer of 2002 over debates about legislation concerning weight limits on West Virginia highways for trucks carrying coal.[8]:196[9]:94-96 It subsequently broadened its efforts to improve the image of the coal industry and to link the coal industry to the economic and social self-identity of people who live near coal mines; as part of the latter effort, it sponsors local events like car shows and sports events.[9]:96-105


  1. ^ Bump, Philip (January 15, 2014). "Parched in West Virginia? Allow 'Friends of Coal' to Quench Your Thirst.". The Atlantic. 
  2. ^ "Sociological Stew: "Friends of Coal"". Sociological Stew. 30 September 2009. 
  3. ^ Marley, Ben (August 2013). "Battle for the Mountains: Restructuring Extractive Production and the Socio-ecological Crisis in West Virginia 's Coalfields". University of Syracuse: Geography - Theses. Paper 6. 
  4. ^ "Friends of Coal Virginia". Virginia Mining Association, Inc. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Friends of Coal (Kentucky) - Profile". GuideStar. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Friends of Coal Ladies Auxiliiary". GuideStar Profile. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Friends of Coal West - Profile". GuideStar. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Bell, Shannon Elizabeth; York, Richard (2013). "11. Community Economic Identity: The Coal Industry and Ideology Construction in West Virginia". In King, Leslie; Auriffeille, Deborah McCarthy. Environmental Sociology: From Analysis to Action. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 196ff. ISBN 9781442220775. 
  9. ^ a b Bell, Shannon Elizabeth (2016). Fighting King Coal: The Challenges to Micromobilization in Central Appalachia. MIT Press. pp. 94 – 108. ISBN 9780262034340. 

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