Friendship Day

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Friendship Day
Tying friendship bracelet.jpg
TypeInternational
Date30 July internationally, with varying dates for individual countries
FrequencyAnnual
HAPPY FRIENDSHIP DAY.jpg
Berkawan dalam kesukaan.jpg

Friendship Day (also known as International Friendship Day or Friend's Day) is a day in several countries for celebrating friendship. It was initially promoted by the greeting card industry; evidence from social networking sites shows a revival of interest in Friendship Day that may have grown with the spread of the internet, particularly in India, Bangladesh, and Malaysia. Mobile phones, digital communication, and social media have contributed to popularize the custom. Those who promote the day in South Asia attribute the tradition of dedicating a day in honour of friends to have originated in the United States in 1935.[1]

History[edit]

Friendship Day was first proposed in Paraguay in 1958 by Joyce Hall. It was a holiday involving the celebration of friendships through a global holiday. The original date of celebration was 2 August, though it has since been moved to 7 August due to de-synchronisation in the United States.[2]

To honor Friendship Day, in 1998, Nane Annan named Winnie the Pooh the world's Ambassador of Friendship at the United Nations.[citation needed] The event was co-sponsored by the U.N. Department of Public Information and Disney Enterprises, co-hosted by Kathy Lee Gifford.[3]

The idea of a Global Friendship Day was first proposed on 20 July 1958 by Dr. Ramon Artemio Bracho during a dinner with friends in Puerto Pinasco, a town on the River Paraguay about 200 miles (320 km) north of Asuncion, Paraguay.[4]

During said meeting, the World Friendship Crusade was born. The World Friendship Crusade is a foundation that promotes friendship and fellowship among all human beings, regardless of race, color or religion. Since then, 30 July has been fervently celebrated as Friendship Day in Paraguay every year and has also been adopted by several other countries.[5]

The World Friendship Crusade has lobbied the United Nations for several years to recognize 30 July as World Friendship Day; finally, in 2011, the General Assembly of the United Nations decided to designate 30 July as the International Day of Friendship and proceeded to invite all the Member States to observe the International Day of Friendship per the culture and customs of their local, national and regional communities, including through education and public awareness-raising activities.[6][7]

Celebrations in February[edit]

In Ecuador, Mexico, Venezuela, Finland, Estonia and the Dominican Republic, Friendship Day is celebrated on 14 February, the same date as Valentine's Day, to serve as an alternative for those who are yet to find a romantic partner.

Celebrations in April[edit]

In South Africa, celebrations are on 16 April.

Celebrations in June[edit]

In Ukraine, celebrations are on 9 June.

Celebrations in July[edit]

In Ecuador and Venezuela, celebrations are on 14 July. In Pakistan, this event is celebrated on 19 July every year. In Bolivia, Friendship Day is celebrated on 23 July.[8] In Nepal, Friendship Day is celebrated on 30 July.[citation needed]

In Paraguay, 29 July is used for giving gifts to close friends and family. Celebrations often take place in bars and nightclubs.[9] The game of the Invisible Friend (Amigo Invisible) is considered a tradition, in which small sheets of paper with names are given to members of a group and each of them secretly selects on another, and on 30 July gives a present to the person whose name was written on the paper. This custom is practised in both schools and workplaces in Asunción and other Paraguayan cities.[10]

Since 2009, Peru has celebrated "El dia del Amigo" on the first Saturday of July. The date was proposed by the beer brand Pilsen Callao. The objective was to recognize true friendship and differentiate it from love and the celebration of Valentine's Day.[8]

In Argentina, Brazil,[11] Spain and Uruguay, Friendship Day (or Friend's Day) is celebrated on 20 July.[8] It is a reason for a friendly gathering and greeting both current and old friends.

It became a popular celebration thanks to Enrique Ernesto Febbraro, an Argentinian dentist and Rotarian who had the idea to commemorate International Friendship as an unifying gesture of friendship among nations, inspired by the day Neil Armstrong stepped on the Moon. He sent 1,000 letters to contacts from the Rotary Club around the world while the Apollo 11 was still in space and received 700 responses that kickstarted the celebration.[12]

In Argentina, Friend's Day has turned into a very popular mass phenomenon. For instance, in 2005, the amount of well-wishing messages and calls led to a breakdown of the mobile phone network in the cities of Buenos Aires, Mendoza, Córdoba and Rosario, comparable to the one experienced in 2004 on Christmas and New Year's Day.[13] Seats in most restaurants, bars, and other establishments are often completely booked a week before the celebration.[14][additional citation(s) needed]

Celebrations in August[edit]

In India Friendship Day is celebrated on the first Sunday in the month of August. The celebration got huge widespread among teenagers and youngsters in the early 1990s with the influence of Bollywood movies. Friends tie a Friendship band (a ribbon band) to each other as a gesture of celebrating their friendship. College students generally wear a white t-shirt on that day and they write each other’s names or friendship quotes on it.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Schmidt, E.L. (1991). "The Commercialisation of the Calendar: American Holidays and the Culture of Consumption, 1870–1930". The Journal of American History. 78 (3): 887–916. doi:10.2307/2078795. JSTOR 2078795. [UN Resolution A/65/L.72]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Friendship day: Do it with Friendship sms or Friendship quotes". In India the Friendship Day will be celebrated on August 7, 2011.
  2. ^ "National Friendship Day". NationalDay. 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  3. ^ Nations, United. "Winnie the Pooh". United Nations. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  4. ^ "ONU aprobó 30 de julio como Día de la Amistad" (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  5. ^ Munro, Robert, ed. (2010). Paraguay 200 Years of Independence in the Heart of South America. Oxford: Whap. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-9567405-1-9.
  6. ^ UN Res.A/65/L.72
  7. ^ "International Day of Friendship". United Nations. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "Dia del amigo. ¿Qué países lo celebran el 20 de julio?". La Nación (in Spanish).
  9. ^ "Happy Friendship Day 2019: Why do we celebrate 'friendship day'?". Jagran English. 2 August 2019. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Friendship day 2019: History, significance of the day when people commemorate bonds that turned strangers into friends – India News , Firstpost". Firstpost. 3 August 2019. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  11. ^ BRAZIL, Câmara dos Deputados. Datas Comemorativas Archived 21 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. March 2003.
  12. ^ "Día del amigo: la historia del argentino que propuso festejarlo el 20 de julio" (in Spanish). 20 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Los teléfonos de saturaron por los saludos del día del amigo".
  14. ^ "The Invaluable Value of Friendship". MorungExpress. Retrieved 12 July 2020.

External links[edit]