Friendship of Salem
Friendship of Salem, docked at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site
|Name:||Friendship of Salem|
|Owner:||National Park Service|
|Builder:||Scarano Brothers Shipyard|
|Acquired:||September 1, 1998|
|Badge:||Woman in classical dress offering a bouqet of flowers|
|Class and type:||Full rigged ship|
|Length:||171 ft (52 m) bowsprit to spanker boom|
|Beam:||30 ft (9.1 m)|
|Height:||20 ft (6.1 m) keel to deck at midship|
|Decks:||main deck, 'tween deck, and holds|
|Installed power:||onboard generators|
|Propulsion:||21 sails, twin diesel engines|
|Speed:||7.2 maximum / 5.8 average knots|
|Boats & landing
|1 jolly boat|
|Complement:||25 crew, up to 45 persons|
The Friendship of Salem is a 171-foot replica of a 1797 East Indiaman. It was built in 2000 in the Scarano Brothers Shipyard in Albany, New York. The ship usually operates as a stationary museum ship during most of the year. But it is a fully functioning United States Coast Guard-certified vessel capable of passenger and crew voyages; it makes special sailings during various times of the year. The Friendship of Salem is docked at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site, established in 1938 as the first such site in the United States. The site, which includes several structures, artifacts and records, is operated by the National Park Service.
The replica of Friendship was commissioned by the National Park Service; it was built using modern materials and construction methods, while retaining the appearance of the original 18th-century ship. The hull is cold molded with laminated wood and epoxy.
The ship is operated by a volunteer crew under supervision of the National Park Service. Friendship sails as an ambassador ship for the Essex National Heritage Area.
In 1798, Captain Israel Williams, sailing for the East India Marine Society, commanded the ship on its voyage from Salem harbor for Batavia, Dutch East Indies. When the ship's supply of water gave out at , Captain Williams improvised a way to distill water.
Friendship made 15 voyages during her career, to Batavia, India, China, South America, the Caribbean, England, Germany, the Mediterranean, and Russia; she was captured as a prize of war by the British September 4, 1812. The Peabody Academy of Science had as a reminder of the work of the East India Marine Society, a full-rigged model of the Friendship (1797). The fate of the original ship is unknown.
In 1831, a Salem ship of this name, Charles Moses Endicott, master, anchored off the Sumatran town of Quallah Battoo. While Endicott and other officers were ashore engaged in the pepper trade, Malay pirates captured the ship, murdered some of her crew, and looted the cargo. Most sources report her as an American merchantman of Salem; Trow (1905) calls her a whale-ship, and relates how she was recaptured with the aid of the brig Governor Endecott, also of Salem, H. H. Jenks, master. Captain Endecott returned to Salem July 16, 1831. August 19, 1831, US Navy Commodore John Downes departed New York with the frigate Potomac, her Bluejackets and Marines on the First Sumatran Expedition, to avenge the attack on Friendship – which also helped launch the diplomatic career of New Hampshire merchant Edmund Roberts.
The previous service and ultimate fate of this Friendship is unknown, but she is reported as having belonged to Joseph Peabody, a Salem merchant and shipowner who dominated trade between Massachusetts and the Far East for a number of years.
- Putnam, George Granville (1922). Salem Vessels and Their Voyages. The Essex Institute.
- Trow, Charles Edward. "Chapter XVI". The old shipmasters of Salem. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 178ff. OCLC 4669778.
Short of Fresh Water Causes Alarm — Captain Williams's Invention to Make Salt Water Fresh — His "Still" Described by him — Notes on his Voyage — In Shoal Water.
- "Pedrick Store House". National Park Service www.NPS.gov. Retrieved 24 Dec 2014.
- Schopp, Susan E. (Apr 2010). "I found it at the JCB". Brown.edu. Retrieved 24 Dec 2014.
- Perdue, Peter C. "Spoilum (Guan Zuolin)". Rise & Fall of the Canton System. Retrieved 24 Dec 2014.
- Trow, p.70
- Trow, Charles Edward (1905), The old shipmasters of Salem, New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, p. 121, OCLC 4669778,
...the brig Governor Endicott, of Salem, H. H. Jenks, master, and the ship James Monroe, of New York, J. Porter, master, ...at once sailed to Quallah-Battoo, to rescue Captain Endicott's ship from its captors.
- Burzynski, Don (April 3, 2006). "Pirate attack brought Marines to Sumatra". Special to the Times. Leatherneck.com. Archived from the original on 2012-06-01. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- Gleason, Hall (1937). Old Ships and Ship-Building Days of Medford. Medford, MA: J.C. Miller. pp. 30–32.
- "Designation of National Park System Units". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- "The National Park Service Organic Act". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
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