Friendster

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Friendster, Inc.
Friendster.svg
Friendster screenshot.jpg
Screenshot of Friendster's main page, updated in July 2011
Type of businessPrivate company
Type of site
Social Gaming
FoundedMarch 22, 2003; 16 years ago (2003-03-22)
Headquarters,
Area servedWorldwide
OwnerMOL Global
Key peopleGanesh Kumar Bangah (chief executive officer)
Websitewww.friendster.com
Alexa rankNegative increase 279,801 (August 2017)[1]
AdvertisingBanner ads, Contextual ads, Sponsorships
RegistrationFree
Users8.2 million (June 2010)[2]
LaunchedMarch 22, 2003
Current statusDefunct (as a social networking site)
Closed (as a social gaming site on June 14, 2015; as a company on June 30, 2018)

Friendster was a U.S. social networking site based in Mountain View, CA, founded in 2003 by Jonathan Abrams. The company was sold in 2015 and became a social gaming site based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It was originally a social networking service website.[3][4] Before Friendster was redesigned, the service allowed users to contact other members, maintain those contacts, and share online content and media with those contacts.[5] The website was also used for dating and discovering new events, bands and hobbies. Users could share videos, photos, messages and comments with other members via profiles and networks.[5] It is considered one of the original social networks.[6]

After the launching of Friendster as a social gaming platform in June 2011, the number of registered users reached over 115 million. The company operated mainly from three Asian countries: the Philippines, Malaysia and Singapore, and over 90% of the site's traffic came from Asia. As of 2008, Friendster had more monthly unique visitors than any other social network in Asia.[7][8][9][10] The top 10 countries accessing Friendster, according to Alexa, as of May 7, 2009 were the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Sudan, South Korea, Bangladesh and India.[11] Friendster remained notably popular in Indonesia through 2012.[12]

On June 14, 2015 Friendster, citing "the evolving landscape in our challenging industry" and lack of engagement by the online community, suspended their services.[13] Three years later, on June 30, 2018 it closed down as a company and eventually dissolved. It was believed that on January 1, 2019, the web domain would be permanently deactivated until further notice, as of August 2019, the domain is still accessible.

History[edit]

Friendster was founded by Canadian computer programmer Jonathan Abrams[14] in 2003, before the wider adoption of MySpace (2004), Hi5 (2004), Facebook (2004) and other social networking sites.[15]

Friendster was one of the first of these sites to attain over 1 million members, although it was preceded by several other smaller social networking sites such as SixDegrees.com (1997) and Makeoutclub (1999).

The name Friendster is a portmanteau of "friend" and Napster. Napster at the time was a controversial peer-to-peer file sharing Internet service that was launched in 1999; by 2000, "Napster" was practically a household name, thanks to several high-profile lawsuits filed against it that year. The original Friendster site was founded in Mountain View, California and was privately owned. Friendster was based on the "Circle of Friends" social network technique for networking individuals in virtual communities and demonstrates the small world phenomenon. Friendster was considered the top online social network service until around April 2004, when it was overtaken by MySpace in terms of page views, according to Nielsen//NetRatings.

Friendster.com went live in 2003 and was adopted by 3 million users within the first few months.[4] Publications including Time, Esquire, Vanity Fair, Entertainment Weekly, US Weekly and Spin wrote about Friendster's success and the founder appeared on magazine covers and late-night talk shows.[4] Friendster's rapid success inspired a generation of niche social networking websites including Dogster and Elfster.[16][17]

Friendster had also received competition from all-in-one sites such as Windows Live Spaces, Yahoo! 360, and Facebook. Google offered $30 million to buy out Friendster in 2003, but the offer was turned down.[18] Friendster was then funded by Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers and Benchmark Capital in October 2003 with a reported valuation of $53 million. Friendster's decision to stay private instead of selling to Google in 2003 is considered one of the biggest blunders of Silicon Valley, the Associated Press claims.[19] In April 2004, John Abrams was removed as CEO and Tim Koogle took over as interim CEO. Koogle previously served as president and CEO at Yahoo!. Koogle was later replaced by Scott Sassa in June 2004. Sassa left in May 2005 and was replaced by Taek Kwon. Taek Kwon was then[when?] succeeded by Kent Lindstrom, following a capitalization by Kleiner and Benchmark that valued Friendster at less than 5% of its 2003 valuation.

In 2008 Friendster had a membership base of more than 115 million registered users and continued to grow in Asia.[20][10][15] According to Alexa, the site has suffered an exponential decline in traffic in America since 2009. From a peak 40 ranking it reached 800 in November 2010. Most people have since attributed this decline to the rise of Facebook, a rival social networking site. In August 2008, Friendster hired ex-Google executive Richard Kimber as the CEO.[21][22][23] Kimber focused on Friendster's expansion in Asia.[24]

On December 9, 2009, it was announced that Friendster was acquired for $26.4 million by MOL Global,[25] one of Asia's largest Internet companies.

In June 2011, the company repositioned itself as a social gaming site and discontinued user social network accounts,[26] but Friendster accounts had not been deleted and users could still log in using their existing passwords. Users' contact lists were preserved, along with basic information. Friendster said that the focus would now be on pure "entertainment and fun", and the aim was not to compete with Facebook, but rather to complement it.[27]

On June 14, 2015, the site and all its services were shut down indefinitely,[13] but the company continued to operate until the end of June 2018. Since then, the existence of the "Friendster" brand has vanished.

Financial history[edit]

The company was founded in 2003 with a $12 million investment by Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Benchmark Capital, and private investors.[4][28]

In 2003, Friendster management received a $30 million buyout offer from Google, which it declined.[4]

Friendster received another $3 million in funding in February 2006 from Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and Benchmark Capital.[29] In August 2006, Friendster also received $10 million in funding in a round led by DAG Ventures,[29] and Friendster announced in August 2008 that it had raised an additional $20 million in funding in a round led by IDG Ventures.[3][30] Prior to its acquisition by MOL Global, Friendster was backed by Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Benchmark Capital, DAG Ventures, IDG Ventures, and individual investors.

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • In July 2006, Friendster was awarded Key Social Networking Technology Patent.[31]
  • In 2007, Friendster was selected by AlwaysOn Media as Top 100 Private Company Award Winner.
  • In April 2008, Friendster became a Webware 100 winner.[32]
  • In 2009, the site was the subject of a satirical portrayal by The Onion News Network of the site's discovery as an archaeological relic, untouched since 2005.[33][34][35]

Services[edit]

In November 2009, Friendster announced a global partnership with MOL AccessPortal Berhad (MOL), a leading payments provider leveraging a network of over 600,000 physical and virtual payment channels worldwide, to power the Friendster Wallet and a payments platform enabling micro-spending for over 115 million registered users on Friendster. The Friendster Wallet was designed to support a variety of payment methods including pre-paid cards, mobile payments, online payments and credit card payments.

Friendster also had content partners, including game developers and publishers who provided monetization solutions on the Friendster platform using MOL's payment channels and Friendster's large user base. Sub-brands of Friendster included "Friendster iCafe", a cybercafe management system, and "Friendster Hotspots", a free Wifi infrastructure for retailers.

Languages[edit]

Available languages include English, Filipino, Thai, Malay, Vietnamese, Indonesian, Chinese (both Traditional and Simplified), Japanese, Korean, and Spanish.[5] Until September 30, 2007, Friendster was available only in English. 10 new languages were added from October 1, 2007 to January 31, 2009, with Filipino being the most recent addition.[36] Users can also enter content on Friendster in any language.

Friendster launched all language support on a single domain – www.friendster.com. Friendster was the first global online social network to support Asian languages and others on a single domain so that users from around the world were able to talk to each other.[37]

Development[edit]

Friendster has been an open site since August 2006 when it first began allowing widgets and content to be embedded in user profile pages through its developer program.[38] In 2007, roughly 40% of Friendster's users had widgets on their profiles.[38]

Friendster gave software developers access to APIs that utilized content and data within the Friendster network to build and deploy customizable applications on and off Friendster. Friendster's Developer Program was an open, non-proprietary platform with an open revenue model.[38][39]

Friendster was the first social network to support both the OpenSocial and the Facebook Platform.[39]

In December 2009, Friendster relaunched its website with a new interface.[40]

Patents[edit]

Friendster held some fundamental online social networking patents:[41][42]

  • System, method and apparatus for connecting users in an online computer
  • Method of Inducing Content Uploads in a Social Network
  • System and Method for Managing Connections in an Online Social Network
  • Compatibility Scoring of Users in a Social Network
  • Method for sharing relationship information stored in a social network

In August 2010, Facebook confirmed that it had acquired 18 patents from Friendster for a reported $40M.[43]

Site transformation[edit]

In June 2011, Friendster shifted from social networking site to a social entertainment site with focus on gaming and entertainment. Previous users' accounts are unchanged. However, all the photos, messages, comments, testimonials, shoutouts, blogs, forums and groups that the users may have had in the past may no longer be part of their Friendster account.[44] An exporting tool is provided to back up the information of the user account. This tool has an ability to export photos to Flickr and Multiply.

The deadline given to users to export their photos was extended to June 27, 2011. Photos which were not exported before the deadline were removed and are no longer retrievable.[45]

In the two months after the new Friendster relaunched, the site attracted more than half a million new users and included over 40 games. Daily and monthly active users increased by 50%, with more than 90% of new users coming from Asia.[46] At the end of 2015 Friendster closed after 13 years and 7 months.

On July 1, 2018 it officially ceased to exist as a company.

Demise and fate[edit]

It was set to relaunch as an archive photo and video site which would include old photos and videos from the old Friendster accounts from 2002 to 2011.[47]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Friendster.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  2. ^ "DoubleClick Ad Planner". Google.com. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Eric Eldon, August 4, 2008. "Friendster raises $20 million, nabs a Googler to be CEO" VentureBeat. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e Gary Rivlin, October 15, 2006. "Wallflower at the Web Party." New York Times. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c "Friendster at a Glance document" (PDF). Images.friendster.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 31, 2009.
  6. ^ "May: Month of the Internet Rapture – TNW Social Media". Thenextweb.com. May 20, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  7. ^ ComScore Press Release, June 30, 2008. "India and China Propel Internet Audience Growth in Asia-Pacific Region, According to comScore Archived May 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine", Press Release. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
  8. ^ Ling Woo Liu, January 29, 2008. "Friendster Moves to Asia Archived May 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine", TIME. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
  9. ^ "Friendster Is The No. 1 Social Network for Adults and Youth in Malaysia". how-to-become-an-entrepreneur.blogspot.com/. April 12, 2015.
  10. ^ a b "Friendster.com - Living the Game". Friendster.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008.
  11. ^ "Friendster.com Site Info". Alexa.com. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  12. ^ Saylor, Michael (2012). The Mobile Wave: How Mobile Intelligence Will Change Everything. Perseus Books/Vanguard Press. pp. 129, 304. ISBN 978-1593157203.
  13. ^ a b "Friendster.com – Living the Game". Archived from the original on November 20, 2002.
  14. ^ Chafkin, Max. "How to Kill a Great Idea!". inc.com. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  15. ^ a b Schiffman, Betsy (May 9, 2008). "In Praise of Friendster". Archived from the original on September 16, 2008 – via www.wired.com.
  16. ^ Pete Cashmore, September 14, 2006. "Dogster’s Friendster for Dogs Raises $1M", Mashable.
  17. ^ Liane Cassavoy, Monday, November 22, 2004. "Secret Santa Gift Swap Goes High Tech", Today @ PC World. Archived July 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "The Friendster Tell-All Story". TechCrunch. October 15, 2006. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  19. ^ "Will Facebook hold out or sell out?". Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 24, 2007.
  20. ^ Press Release, October 21, 2008. "Friendster is the #1 Social Network for Adults and Youth in Malaysia", Press Release. Retrieved October 27, 2008. Archived December 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "These 8 Social Media Platforms Failed Because of FaceBook". February 23, 2019. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008.
  22. ^ "Friendster.com - Living the Game". Friendster.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008.
  23. ^ Heather Havenstein, October 28, 2008. "Friendster Opens Platform to Developers", PC World. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
  24. ^ Jessica Vascellaro, August 5, 2008. "New Friendster CEO Has Asia Focus", The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
  25. ^ Michael Tarkington (December 15, 2009). "Friendship Valued at Just $26.4 Million in Sale". Tech Crunch. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  26. ^ Scott Steinberg. "Friendster Is Dead: Encourages U.S. Users to Move On". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  27. ^ "Friendster: It's a Facebook world | Latest Philippine Headlines". ABS-CBN News. April 27, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  28. ^ Nikhil Hutheesing, March 22, 2004. "Corporate Inter-Face-Time." Forbes. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  29. ^ a b Dawn Kawabata, August 21, 2006. "Friendless scoops up $10 million in funding." CNET News. Retrieved December 4, 2006.
  30. ^ Caroline McCarthy, August 5, 2008. "Friendster gets $20 million, ex-Googler as CEO." CNET News. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  31. ^ "Friendster.com - Living the Game". Friendster.com. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010.
  32. ^ "Webware 100 winner: Friendster". News.cnet.com. April 21, 2008. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  33. ^ Itzkoff, Dave (March 22, 2010). "Fake Area Newspaper Gets Real Television Show". Artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  34. ^ "The Onion Takes Friendster Down a Few More Notches". Ccinsider.comedycentral.com. Archived from the original on August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  35. ^ "Internet Archaeologists Find Ruins Of 'Friendster' Civilization: The Onion (VIDEO)". Huffingtonpost.com. December 16, 2009. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  36. ^ Gray, Alan. "Friendster Now Available in Tagalog For The Philippines". Archived from the original on February 16, 2009.
  37. ^ "Friendster.com - Living the Game". Friendster.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008.
  38. ^ a b c Catherine Holahan, May 22, 2007. "Sharing the Widget Wealth." BusinessWeek. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  39. ^ a b Lawrence Coburn, November 3, 2008. "Widget Summit: Hi5 vs. Friendster." Sexy Widget. Retrieved December 4, 2008. Archived January 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ Robin Wauters. "Friendster Gets A Major Makeover, Calls Other Social Networks Plain And Boring". TechCrunch.
  41. ^ Caroline McCarthy, December 9, 2008. "Friendster awarded 'compatibility scoring' patent." CNET. Retrieved December 9, 2008.
  42. ^ Eric Eldon, December 9, 2008. "Friendster nabs fourth social networking patent, dozen more pending." VentureBeat. Retrieved on December 9, 2008.
  43. ^ Liz Gannes, August 4, 2010. "Facebook Buys Friendster Patents for $40M." GIGAOM. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  44. ^ "keekstar.com - Registered at Namecheap.com". Keekstar.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013.
  45. ^ "Please read before you post". Getsatisfaction.com. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  46. ^ "New Friendster Site Gaining Momentum". September 14, 2011. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012.
  47. ^ Champion, Milo (August 7, 2019). "INQUIRER Lifestyle Series: Fitness Fashion with Samsung: Friendster: Demise and fate".

External links[edit]