Fringe (trim)

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Fringe trim applied to a reproduction c. 1859 drapery design in the Vermont Senate Chamber of the Vermont State House.

Fringe is an ornamental textile trim applied to an edge of an item, such as drapery, a flag, epaulettes, or decorative tassel.

Fringe originates in the ends of the warp, projecting beyond the woven fabric. In this way, a cut piece of fabric would not require hemming in order to achieve an edge which would not unravel: several strands of weft threads would be removed and the warp threads would remain. More commonly it is made separately and sewn on, consisting sometimes of projecting ends, twisted or plaited together, and sometimes of loose threads of wool, silk, or linen, or narrow strips of leather.

Scallop fringe