Friona, Texas

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Friona, Texas
City
Friona at dusk
Friona at dusk
Location of Friona, Texas
Location of Friona, Texas
Parmer County Frion.svg
Coordinates: 34°38′20″N 102°43′18″W / 34.63889°N 102.72167°W / 34.63889; -102.72167Coordinates: 34°38′20″N 102°43′18″W / 34.63889°N 102.72167°W / 34.63889; -102.72167
Country United States
State Texas
County Parmer
Area
 • Total 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)
 • Land 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 4,019 ft (1,225 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,123
 • Density 2,900/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79035
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-27660[1]
GNIS feature ID 1357767[2]

Friona is a city in Parmer County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,123 at the 2010 census. Friona was established in 1906, originally called Frio, from the Spanish word for cold.

In 2007, the Texas State Legislature declared Friona the "Cheeseburger Capital of Texas". The city began holding the "Cheeseburger Cook-Off and Festival" in 2006.[3] Aside from this annual event, only three fast food locations sell cheeseburgers in Friona: Tasty Cream, Dairy Queen, and Fast Stop.

The city motto is "The Biggest Small Town in Texas".

Geography[edit]

Friona is located at 34°38′20″N 102°43′18″W / 34.63889°N 102.72167°W / 34.63889; -102.72167 (34.638987, -102.721571).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 731
1940 803 9.8%
1950 1,202 49.7%
1960 2,048 70.4%
1970 3,111 51.9%
1980 3,809 22.4%
1990 3,688 −3.2%
2000 3,854 4.5%
2010 4,123 7.0%
Est. 2015 3,894 [5] −5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 3,854 people, 1,271 households, and 983 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,794.8 people per square mile (1,078.3/km²). The 1,399 housing units averaged 1,014.5 per square mile (391.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.47% White, 1.30% African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 33.81% from other races, and 2.28% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 57.86% of the population.

Of the 1,271 households, 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were not families. About 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.48.

In the city, the population was distributed as 33.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,964, and for a family was $36,863. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $19,299 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,635. About 14.1% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

In 1954 after Brown vs. The Board Of Education, Friona was the first school in Texas to integrate black students.[7]

The city is served by Friona Independent School District. The local high school mascot is a chieftain. The school colors are red and white. The girls' team mascot is a squaw. The junior high boys' team mascot is a brave. The junior high girls' team mascot is a maiden.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Baker Eldon "Red Dog" Duggins (February 28, 1925 - February 26, 2007) was an educator, coach, junior high school principal, and high school counselor for the Friona Independent School District from 1955 until his retirement in 1985. A native of Cordell, Oklahoma, Duggins was a United States Marine during World War II, having earned the Purple Heart. He was named Friona's "Man of the Year" in 1964, when his high school girls basketball team won the state championship with a 35-0 record.
  • Watson Whaley (December 3, 1909 - May 17, 2008), until his death, had been the oldest living graduate of Friona High School, Class of 1929. A native of Hollene in Curry County, New Mexico, Whaley was a farmer and owned a construction company which did concrete work on grain elevators. He and his late wife, the former Alice Louise Wiley (1920–1982), were involved with the Girl Scouts of the USA and built the Girl Scout hut in Friona. He was survived by two daughters and is interred at Friona Cemetery.[8]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Friona has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://www.cattlenetwork.com/CattlFeatures_Content.asp?contentid=202188
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ http://amarillo.com/stories/111906/new_5613262.shtml
  8. ^ Watson Whaley | Lubbock Avalanche-Journal
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Friona, Texas