Frisco Bridge

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Frisco Bridge
Memphis, Harahan, and Hernando de Soto Bridges.jpg
Memphis & Arkansas Bridge, left
Frisco Bridge, center
Harahan Bridge, right
Coordinates35°07′43″N 90°04′35″W / 35.12861°N 90.07639°W / 35.12861; -90.07639
Carries1 BNSF Railway rail line
CrossesMississippi River
LocaleWest Memphis, Arkansas and Memphis, Tennessee
Maintained byBNSF Railway
Characteristics
DesignCantilevered through Truss bridge
Total length4,887 feet (1,490 m)
Width30 feet (9 m)
Longest span791 feet (241 m)
Clearance below109 feet (33 m)
History
OpenedMay 12, 1892

The Frisco Bridge, previously known as the Memphis Bridge, is a cantilevered through truss bridge[1] carrying a rail line across the Mississippi River between West Memphis, Arkansas, and Memphis, Tennessee.

Construction[edit]

At the time of the Memphis bridge construction, it was a significant technological challenge and is considered to be chief engineer George S. Morison's crowning achievement. No other bridges had ever been attempted on the Lower Mississippi River.

The bridge is built entirely of open-hearth steel, a newly developed material at the time of construction. The structure features a 790-foot (240 m) main span and two additional 600-foot (180 m) spans. Its 65-foot (20 m) height above the water was the highest clearance of any U.S. bridge of that era. The construction of the piers went nearly 100 feet (30 m) below the water's surface.

Though some sources claim two cantilevered roadways were added to the bridge in the 1930s, one on each side,[2] they probably confuse this bridge with the neighboring Harahan Bridge, which had two cantilevered roadways from 1917 until the Memphis & Arkansas Bridge opened in 1949. (The former roadway on the north side of the Harahan Bridge is now designated as Big River Crossing, having been refitted to carry pedestrian and bicycle traffic across the Mississippi River in 2016.) While the Frisco Bridge has not featured cantilevered roadways, pedestrians, buggies, and some automobiles used its main deck before the Harahan Bridge opened (the bridge was closed to such traffic while a train was crossing).[3]

Construction for the Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railway, later acquired by the "Frisco," began in 1888 and was completed May 12, 1892. In the end the project created a bridge that was the farthest south on the Mississippi River, featured the longest truss span[disputed ] in the United States and cost nearly 3 million dollars.[4]

A testament to its design and construction, the bridge is still used by BNSF Railway and is being renovated as part of a system-wide BNSF infrastructure improvement program.[5] The west approach to the bridge, which was made of 52 spans totaling 340 feet (100 m) in length, was replaced by a new 27-span bridge. This project was completed in 2017.[6]The bridge is listed as a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bridge Hunter Historic Bridge Page
  2. ^ a b American Society of Civil Engineers: Morison's Memphis Bridge
  3. ^ Weeks, John A. III. "Frisco Bridge, Memphis, TN". Highways & Bridges.
  4. ^ Fraser, Clayton B. (October 1986). "Nebraska City Bridge" (PDF). Historic American Engineering Record. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. pp. 315–380. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  5. ^ "Historic Frisco Bridge getting extensive makeover by BNSF". The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  6. ^ "Strand Jacking Optimizes Scheduling and Cost Efficiency in Rail Bridge Overhaul". Engineering News-Record. January 8, 2018. p. 20.

External links[edit]