Friskney

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Friskney
All Saints' church - geograph.org.uk - 1396799.jpg
Church of All Saints, Friskney
Friskney is located in Lincolnshire
Friskney
Friskney
Location within Lincolnshire
Population1,563 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTF460555
• London105 mi (169 km) S
Civil parish
  • Friskney
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBOSTON
Postcode districtPE22
Dialling code01754
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°04′39″N 0°10′46″E / 53.077422°N 0.179491°E / 53.077422; 0.179491Coordinates: 53°04′39″N 0°10′46″E / 53.077422°N 0.179491°E / 53.077422; 0.179491

Friskney is a village and civil parish within the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.[2]

The parish includes the settlement of Friskney Eaudyke. The 2011 Census recorded a parish population of 1,563.[1] in 652 households.

History[edit]

The place-name 'Friskney' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Frischenei. It is recorded as Freschena circa 1115 and as Freschenei circa 1150. The name is Viking, meaning 'freshwater island' (Old English Frescan ēa).[3]

In 1885 Kelly's reported two Wesleyan chapels, one built in 1804.[4] The chapel built in 1839 is Grade II* listed.[5] It recorded that Friskney parish was a centre for brick making and the catching of shrimps and cockles. In the early part of the 19th century, much of the land was wetlands or swamp, where wildfowl were caught by use of decoy ponds.[4] One of these ponds is now a listed ancient monument.[6] The swamp was drained in the early 19th century and the land converted for arable cultivation.[4]

Governance[edit]

Friskney is part of the electoral ward called Wainfleet and Friskney. The population of this ward at the 2011 Census was 4,192.[7]

Geography[edit]

Friskney is situated 11 miles (18 km) north-east from the town of Boston, and 8 miles (13 km) south-west from the coastal town of Skegness.[8] The nearest railway station is at Wainfleet All Saints, 3 miles (5 km) to the north-east. The nearest major roadway is the A52[8] which runs 1 mile (1.6 km) from the eastern side of the village. Friskney, with its surrounding farmland, is the largest village by area in the UK, and one of the largest in Europe.[citation needed]

Community[edit]

The Grade I[9] listed Anglican church is dedicated to All Saints. The original church was constructed in the late 12th century; it had elements added up to the 15th.[10] Restoration to the chancel was carried out in 1849.

During an extensive restoration in 1879, Norman and Early English Gothic architectural fragments were discovered. The lower stage of the tower, with large lancet windows, is Early English, as is the second stage. The two upper stages are 15th-century, as is the font. In the north aisle is an incised stone slab to John de Lyndewode (rector, 1374) and a mutilated effigy of a 14th-century knight, likely damaged during the iconoclasm of the Protestant Reformation.[11] During the 1879 restoration, a series of faded wall paintings were revealed between the arches of the arcades.[10][11]

Abbey Hills,[12] the site of an old religious house connected with Bolington [Bullington] Priory[4] or Bardney Abbey, lies half a mile west from the church.

On the western side of the village on Dickon Hill Road is the Parrot Zoo and National Parrot Sanctuary. The Sanctuary was opened in 2003.[13]

The village has a church hall, two public houses, The Anchor and The Barley Mow, and a village shop-cum-post office. There are sports clubs for archery, bowls and cricket, and a football team. The cricket club first XI competes in the South Lincolnshire and Border League.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census population and household counts for the parish of Friskney" (Neighbourhood Statistics webpage). Office for National Statistics Census (2011). Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  2. ^ OS Explorer map: Skegness, Alford & Spilsby: (1:25 000): ISBN 0319238229
  3. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.188.
  4. ^ a b c d Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, pp. 398, 399
  5. ^ Historic England. "Methodist Chapel (1267369)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Decoy Wood decoy pond (1019098)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  7. ^ "Wainfleet and Friskney ward population 2011". Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  8. ^ a b A to Z Road Atlas: Boston A-Z Street Atlas: Published by A to Z: Edition 1, 2008: Scale: 3.3 inches to 1 mile (5.3cm to 1km): ISBN 978 1 84348 590 2
  9. ^ "Church of All Saints, Friskney". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  10. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1223280)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  11. ^ a b Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire pp. 130-132; Methuen & Co. Ltd
  12. ^ Historic England. "Abbey Hills moated site (1016044)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Lincolnshire parrot sanctuary to get £500,000 expansion". BBC. Retrieved 5 November 2015.

External links[edit]