Fritillaria atropurpurea

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"Spotted fritillary" redirects here. For the butterfly with this common name, see Melitaea didyma.
Fritillaria atropurpurea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Fritillaria
Species: F. atropurpurea
Binomial name
Fritillaria atropurpurea
  • Amblirion album (Nutt.) Sweet
  • Fritillaria adamantina M.Peck
  • Fritillaria alba Nutt.
  • Fritillaria atropurpurea var. gracillima (Smiley) D.W.Taylor
  • Fritillaria gracillima Smiley
  • Fritillaria linearis J.M.Coult. & Fisher

Fritillaria atropurpurea is a species of fritillary known by several common names, including spotted fritillary, purple fritillary, spotted mountainbells, and spotted missionbells.


Fritillaria atropurpurea is native to the Western United States, where it is often found beneath trees in moldy leaf litter at elevations of 1000–3200 m. This species has the widest distribution of fritillaries in North America, growing from California, Arizona and New Mexico north to Oregon and North Dakota.[2]


Fritillaria atropurpurea stems may reach anywhere from 10 to 60 centimeters in height and bear narrow, pointed leaves. The nodding flower has spreading tepals each one or two centimeters long which are yellowish or cream colored with heavy dark purple-brown mottling. The center of the flower has a central style surrounded by stamens with very large yellow anthers.[3][4]

This species is similar to Fritillaria pinetorum, but it has nodding flowers compared with the latter's erect blooms.


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