Fritillaria persica

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Fritillaria persica
Fritillaria persica 3.jpg
Flowers, leaves + stalks of
Fritillaria persica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Fritillaria
Species: F. persica
Binomial name
Fritillaria persica

Fritillaria persica is a Middle Eastern species of flowering plant in the lily family, native to southern Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine and Israel.[2][3] It is widely cultivated as an ornamental and naturalized in the Lazio region of Italy.[4]

Fritillaria persica is a robust bulbous perennial growing 30–60 cm (12–24 in) tall. Each plant may bear up to 30, conical, narrow, bell-shaped flowers, up to 3/4 inches long, ranging in colour from deep purple to greenish brown.[5][6]

A plant commonly found in cultivation outside its range is the cultivar 'Adiyaman', which is taller and more free-flowering than populations of the species inside its native range.[6]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Fritillaria persica
  3. ^ Pacific Bulb Society, Fritillaria Two
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Meleagride persiana, Fritillaria persica L.
  5. ^ "Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p. 384. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
  6. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.