Fritz Albert Lipmann
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|Fritz Albert Lipmann|
June 12, 1899|
|Died||July 24, 1986
Poughkeepsie, New York, U.S.
|Institutions||Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research|
|Alma mater||University of Königsberg
University of Berlin
University of Munich
Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
|Known for||Co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1953)
National Medal of Science (1966)
|Spouse||Elfreda M. Hall Lipmann (m. 1931; 1 child) (1906-2008)|
Fritz Albert Lipmann, ForMemRS (June 12, 1899 – July 24, 1986) was a German-American biochemist and a co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A. For this, together with other research on coenzyme A, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953 (shared with Hans Adolf Krebs).
Life and career
Lipmann studied medicine at the University of Königsberg, Berlin, and Munich, graduating in Berlin in 1924. He returned to Königsberg to study chemistry under Professor Hans Meerwein. In 1926 he joined Otto Meyerhof at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, Berlin, for his Ph.D. thesis. After that he followed Meyerhof to Heidelberg to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research.
From 1939 on, he lived and worked in the United States. He was a Research Associate in the Department of Biochemistry, Cornell University Medical College, New York from 1939 to 1941. He joined the research staff of the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston in 1941, first as a Research Associate in the Department of Surgery, then heading his own group in the Biochemical Research Laboratory of the Hospital. From 1949 to 1957 he was professor of biological chemistry at Harvard Medical School. From 1957 onwards, he taught and conducted research at Rockefeller University, New York City. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1966. He died in New York in 1986. His widow Freda died in 2008 aged 101.
- Jencks, W. P.; Wolfenden, R. V. (2000). "Fritz Albert Lipmann. 12 June 1899 -- 24 July 1986: Elected For.Mem.R.S. 1962". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 46: 333. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0088.