Fritz Anders

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Fritz Gerhard Anders
Born 23 August 1889
Cottbus, The German Empire
Died 8 November 1919(1919-11-08) (aged 30)
Allegiance German Empire
Service/branch Luftstreitkräfte
Rank Leutnant
Unit Schutzstaffel 8, Jagdstaffel 35, Jagdstaffel 4
Commands held Jagdstaffel 73
Awards Iron Cross (both classes)

Leutnant Fritz Gerhard Anders was a World War I flying ace credited with seven aerial victories. He was the world's first night fighter ace[1]

Early life[edit]

Fritz Gerhard Anders was born in Cottbus on 23 August 1889.[2] He was a prewar pilot, gaining pilot's license 592 on 12 November 1912.[3]

World War I service[edit]

Anders began his aerial service for the First World War as a pilot in Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron) 8. He would serve with this early fighter-bomber unit until he was transferred to a fighter squadron, Jagdstaffel 34 in March 1917. On 14 April 1917, he was wounded in action; he returned to duty ten days later. On 2 June 1917, he transferred to Jagdstaffel 4. He scored his initial aerial victory on 7 July 1917, when he downed a Sopwith Pup from Nine Naval Squadron of the Royal Naval Air Service.[3]

On 20 February 1918, Anders was appointed as Staffelführer to command Jagdstaffel 73. He scored his second victory on 14 June 1918, downing a SPAD, possibly flying a Fokker Triplane. Then, flying with his squadron's pioneering nightfighting detail, Anders ran off a string of five aerial victories at night between 20 August and 25 September 1918[3] to become history's first nightfighter ace. On 13 October 1918, Anders was transferred to Jastaschule II, a school for fighter pilots.[3]

During the war, Anders earned both classes of the Iron Cross.[3]

Post World War I[edit]

Fritz Gerhard Anders died on 8 November 1919.[citation needed]



  1. ^
  2. ^ Anders, Fritz Gerhard,
  3. ^ a b c d e Franks et al 1993, pp. 61-62.