Fritz Mauthner

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Fritz Mauthner
Fritz Mauthner (1849-1923).jpg
Born (1849-11-22)22 November 1849
Horschitz, Bohemia
Died 29 June 1923(1923-06-29) (aged 73)
Meersburg, Germany
Alma mater Charles University in Prague

Fritz Mauthner (22 November 1849 – 29 June 1923) was an Austro-Hungarian novelist, theatre critic and satirist. He was an exponent of philosophical scepticism derived from a critique of human knowledge.

Mauthner was born on 22 November 1849 into an assimilated, well-to-do Jewish family from Horzitz in Bohemia (now Hořice in the Czech Republic).[1] He was the fourth of the six children of Emmanuel and Amalie Mauthner.[2]:viii

He became editor of the Berliner Tageblatt in 1895, but is remembered mainly for his Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache (Contributions to a Critique of Language),[3] published in three parts in 1901 and 1902. Ludwig Wittgenstein took several of his ideas from Mauthner,[4] and acknowledges him in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922).[5]

Mauthner died in Meersburg am Bodensee on 29 June 1923.[2]:viii

Works[edit]

Philosophy
  • Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache, three volumes, Stuttgart: J.G. Cotta, 1901–1903.
  • Aristoteles, 1904
  • Spinoza, 1906
  • Die Sprache, 1907
  • Wörterbuch der Philosophie, 1910–11, 1923–24
  • Schopenhauer, 1911
  • Der letzte Tod des Gautama Buddha, 1913
  • Der Atheismus und seine Geschichte im Abendlande (4 books), 1920–23
  • Muttersprache und Vaterland, 1920
Fiction
  • Anna, 1874
  • Lyrik
  • Die große Revolution, 1872
  • Nach berühmten Mustern, satirical, 1878, 1889
  • Einsame Fahrten, 1879
  • Vom armen Franischko, story, 1879
  • Die Sonntage der Baronin, 1881
  • Der neue Ahasver, 1882
  • Dilettantenspiegel, satirical, 1883
  • Gräfin Salamanca, 1884
  • Xanthippe, 1884
  • Berlin W. (trilogy of novels): Quartett, 1886; Die Fanfare, 1888; Der Villenhof, 1890
  • Der letzte Deutsche von Blatna, novel, 1887
  • Der Pegasus, 1889
  • Zehn Geschichten, 1891
  • Glück im Spiel, 1891
  • Hypatia, 1892
  • Lügenohr, 1892 (under the title: Aus dem Märchenbuch der Wahrheit, 1899)
  • Kraft, novel 1894
  • Die Geisterseher, novel 1894
  • Die bunte Reihe, 1896
  • Der steinerne Riese, novella, 1896
  • Die böhmische Handschrift, novella 1897
  • Der wilde Jockey, 1897
  • Der letzte Tod des Gautamo Buddha, novel 1913
  • Der goldene Fiedelbogen, 1917
Essays and theoretical works
  • Kleiner Krieg, 1879
  • Credo, 1886
  • Tote Symbole, 1892
  • Zum Streit um die Bühne, 1893
  • Totengespräche, 1906
  • Gespräche im Himmel und andere Ketzereien, 1914
Translations
Editorial
  • Wochenschrift für Kunst und Literatur, 1889-1890
  • Magazin für die Literatur des In- und Auslandes, 1991
  • Bibliothek der Philosophen, from 1911
Collected works
  • Ausgewählte Schriften, 6 books, 1919
Miscellaneous
  • Erinnerungen, autobiography 1918
  • Selbstbiographie 1922, in: Philosophie der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellungen, Bd. 3.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iggers, Wilma. "Mauthner, Fritz". The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Helmut Henne, Christine Kaiser (2000). [ Fritz Mauthner - Sprache, Literatur, Kritik: Festakt Und Symposion Zu Seinem 150. Geburtstag] (in german). Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 9783110941548.
  3. ^ Nájera, Elena. "Wittgenstein versus Mauthner: Two critiques of language, two mysticisms". From the ALWS archives: A selection of papers from the International Wittgenstein Symposia in Kirchberg am Wechsel. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Janik, Allan and Toulmin, Stephen Toulmin. Wittgenstein's Vienna. I.R. Dee, 1996 (first published 1973), pp. 119, 121–133.
  5. ^ Wittgenstein L., Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, "4.0031 All philosophy is a 'critique of language' (though not in Mauthner's sense)."

Further reading[edit]

  • Arens, Katherine. Empire in decline: Fritz Mauthner's critique of Wilhelminian Germany. New York: P. Lang, 2001.
  • Ben-Zvi, Linda. Samuel Beckett, Fritz Mauthner and the Limits of Language. PMLA. Vol. 95(2): 183-200. 1980.
  • Bredeck, Elizabeth. Metaphors of Knowledge: Language and Thought in Mauthner's Critique. Wayne State University Press, 1992.
  • Dapía, Silvia. Die Rezeption der Sprachkritik Fritz Mauthners im Werk von Jorge Luis Borges. Cologne, Weimar, Vienna: Böhlau, 1993
  • Knowlson, James & Pilling, John. Frescoes of the skull. London: John Calder, 1979.
  • Kühn, Joachim. Gescheiterte Sprachkritik: Fritz Mauthners Leben und Werk. Walter de Gruyter, 1979.
  • Ludwig, Otto & Heydrich, Moritz. Shakespeare-Studien. Halle: H. Gesenius, 1901.
  • Skerl, Jennie. Fritz Mauthner's "Critique of Language" in Samuel Beckett's "Watt". Contemporary Literature. Vol. 15(4): 474-487. University of Wisconsin Press, 1974.
  • Sluga, Hans. Wittgenstein and Pyrrhonism. In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.) Pyrrhonian Skepticism. Oxford University Press, 2006
  • Vierhufe, Almut. Parody and Language Critique. Studies on Fritz Mauthner's Nach berühmten Mustern. Niemeyer, 1999.
  • Weiler, Gershon. Mauthner's Critique of Language. Cambridge University Press, 1970.

External links[edit]